The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire is a book about the small nations of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Russia and some other post-Soviet states of today. It was published in Estonian in 1991 and in English in 2001.
The foreword of the book explains the book's approach by saying, "the authors of the present book, who come from a country (Estonia) which has shared the fate of nations in the Russian and Soviet empires, endeavour to publicize the plight of the small nations whose very existence is threatened as a result of recent history."
The authors' intention for the book was to include the peoples according to the following criteria:
(The names are given in the spelling of the original translation of the book.)