Theudoald (or Theodald; c. 708 – 741)[1][2][3] was the Frankish mayor of the palace, briefly unopposed in 714 after the death of his grandfather, Pepin of Herstal. In 715, the nobility acclaimed Ragenfrid mayor of Neustria[4] and Charles Martel mayor of Austrasia.

Theudoald was the legitimate but later claimed illegitimate son of Grimoald II (son of Pepin II of Herstal and Plectrude) and Theudesinda of Frisia (daughter of king Radbod). Thus, he was a grandson of the Frisian king. His grandmother Plectrude tried to have him recognised by his grandfather as the legitimate heir to all the Pippinid lands, instead of Charles Martel.[5]

Ragenfrid defeated Theudoald and his forces in September 715 at the Battle of Compiègne; Theudoald returned to Cologne.[4] His grandmother surrendered on his behalf in 716 to Chilperic II of Neustria and Ragenfrid.

Theudoald died, probably killed, around 741, after the death of his uncle and protector, Charles Martel. It is notable that, despite his having been proclaimed heir to Pepin of Herstal, when Charles Martel seized power, he allowed his nephew to live, instead of killing him, as was often the case in the Middle Ages.


  1. ^ Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640-720: "Theudoald was probably born about 708. This date is based upon the account in LHF, which reports his birth at the time Drogo died. This would make him only six years old in 714 and would explain the use filium parvulum, both by the author of the Annales Mettenses and by Fredegar's continuator, who in turn was his source"
  2. ^ Liber Historiæ Francorum ("Grimoaldus…filium ex concubina Theudoaldo"). Liber Historiæ Francorum 49, MGH SS rer Merov II, p. 324.
  3. ^ Monumenta Epternacensia ("Theodaldum, filium Grimoaldi…ex Theodesina filia regis Rabodi"). Monumenta Epternacensia, MGH SS XXIII, p. 59.
  4. ^ a b Wright, Thomas. The History of France, Volume 1, London Print. and Publishing Company, 1856, p. 87
  5. ^ Riché, Pierre. The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993, p. 28 ISBN 9780812213423
Theudoald Arnulfing DynastyBorn: 708 Died: 741 Preceded byGrimoald II Mayor of the Palace of Neustria 714 Succeeded byRagenfrid Preceded byPepin II the Middle Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia 714 Succeeded byCharles Martel