Tomb of I'timād-ud-Daulah from Agra
Tomb of Akbar in Akbar's Tomb
Tomb of Akbar in Akbar's Tomb
A type of tomb: a mausoleum in Père Lachaise Cemetery.
A type of tomb: a mausoleum in Père Lachaise Cemetery.
The Pyramid tomb of Khufu
The Ohel, gravesite of the Lubavitcher Rebbes Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn and Menachem Mendel Schneerson, and a place of pilgrimage, prayer, and meditation
The Ohel, gravesite of the Lubavitcher Rebbes Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn and Menachem Mendel Schneerson, and a place of pilgrimage, prayer, and meditation
Tombs and sarcophagi at Hierapolis
Tombs and sarcophagi at Hierapolis
Tomb of the Mannerheim Family in Askainen, Masku, Finland
Hussain's tomb (shrine), in Karbala, Iraq
Hussain's tomb (shrine), in Karbala, Iraq

A tomb (Greek: τύμβος tumbos[1]) is a repository for the remains of the dead. It is generally any structurally enclosed interment space or burial chamber, of varying sizes. Placing a corpse into a tomb can be called immurement, and is a method of final disposition, as an alternative to cremation or burial.

Overview

The word is used in a broad sense to encompass a number of such types of places of interment or, occasionally, burial, including:

As indicated, tombs are generally located in or under religious buildings, such as churches, or in cemeteries or churchyards. However, they may also be found in catacombs, on private land or, in the case of early or pre-historic tombs, in what is today open landscape.

The Daisen Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku (the 16th Emperor of Japan), is the largest in the world by area.[3] However, the Pyramid of Khufu in Egypt is the largest by volume.

Composition

Further information: List of types of funerary monument

Styles

See also

Notable examples:

References

  1. ^ τύμβος, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus Digital Library
  2. ^ Morana, Martin (2011). Bejn Kliem u Storja (in Maltese). Malta: Books Distributors Limited. p. 211. ISBN 978-99957-0137-6. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016.
  3. ^ Merueñas, Mark (4 November 2012). "Where emperors sleep: Japan's keyhole-shaped burial mounds". GMA News Online. Retrieved 11 January 2017. The Nintoku-ryo tumulus is one of almost 50 tumuli collectively known as "Mozu Kofungun" clustered around the city, and covers the largest area of any tomb in the world.