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Toshigami (Ōtoshi-no-kami)
Toshigami (Ōtoshi-no-kami)

Ōtoshi (大歳神, Ōtoshi-no-kami; lit. "Great-Age God") or Nigihayahi (饒速日尊 Nigihayahi-no-mikoto), commonly known: Toshigami (年神, lit. "Year God") or Ōtoshi (大年神, Ōtoshi-no-kami; lit. "Great-Year God") is a Kami of the Shinto religion in Japan.

He is the son of the Shinto deity Susanoo and the female deity Kamu'ō-ichi-hime (神大市比売), and also the older brother of Uka-no-mitama (宇迦之御魂神, Uka-no-mitama-no-kami), commonly known as Inari (稲荷神, Inari-no-kami). Kamu'ō-ichi-hime is the youngest sister of Kushinadahime, who are both the daughters of Ōyamatsumi (大山津見神). Ōyamatsumi (大山津見神) is the half-brother of Susano'o. Also, he is the father of Mitoshi (御年神, Mitoshi-no-kami/ Otoshi-no-kami) by his wife Kaguyo-hime (香用比売) and the grandfather of Wakatoshi (若年神, Wakatoshi-no-kami), son of Hayamato (羽山戸神, Hayamato-no-kami).

The term consists of two Chinese characters, toshi (, year) and kami (), meaning a deity or spirit. Toshigami are thought to be deities of the year believed to bring with each New Year. Toshigami are also thought to be the spirits of ancestors.

His shrines are scattered throughout Western Japan where he is venerated. The following popular and significant shrines are:

Genealogy

Toshigami fathered many other Shinto deities. The children of his wives were:

The grandchildren of Toshigami through his wife Amechikarumizu-hime, from his son Hayamato (羽山戸神) and his wife Ōgetsu-hime (大気都比売神, Ōgetsu-hime-no-kami):

See also