Roofed railway tracks and platforms
train shed is a building adjacent to a station building where the tracks and platforms of a railway station are covered by a roof. It is also known as an overall roof. Its primary purpose is to store and protect from the elements train cars not in use, The first train shed was built in 1830 at Liverpool's Crown Street Station.
The biggest train sheds were often built as an arch of glass and iron, while the smaller were built as normal pitched roofs.
The train shed with the biggest single span ever built was that at the second
Philadelphia Broad Street Station, built in 1891.
Types of train shed
Early wooden train sheds
The earliest train sheds were wooden structures, often with unglazed openings to allow smoke and steam to escape. The oldest part of
Bristol Temple Meads is a particularly fine – and large – example, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel with mock- hammerbeam roof.
Surviving examples include:
Ashburton, Devon, England (station closed)
Bo'ness, Falkirk, Scotland
Frome, Somerset, England
Kingswear, Devon, England
Thurso, Highland, Scotland Wick, Highland, Scotland
Classic metal and glass
The middle of the nineteenth century saw many large stations covered by iron, steel and glass train sheds, inspired by
The Crystal Palace at The Great Exhibition in 1851. The best have been described as "like cathedrals" and feature curved roofs; other structures have pitched roofs.
Surviving examples of curved roof train sheds include:
Amsterdam Centraal, Netherlands
Bath Green Park railway station, England (converted to covered market and car park)
Barcelona Estació de França, Catalonia, Spain
Bristol Temple Meads, England
Copenhagen Central Station, Denmark
Darlington Bank Top, England
Frankfurt (Main) Hauptbahnhof, Germany
Glasgow Queen Street, Scotland Hull Paragon, England
Madrid Atocha, Spain (converted to station atrium)
Manchester Central, England (converted to conference centre)
Manchester Piccadilly, England
Milano Centrale, Italy
Newcastle Central, England
Prague Main Station, Czech Republic
Reading Terminal, Philadelphia, United States (converted to convention center)
Tanjung Priok, Jakarta, Indonesia
York, North Yorkshire, England
Vitebsky railway station, Saint Petersburg, Russia Lviv Railway station, Ukraine
Surviving examples of pitched roof train sheds include:
Budapest Nyugati, Hungary
Budapest Keleti, Hungary
Carlisle Citadel, England
Edinburgh Waverley, Scotland
Frome, England Filey, England
Surviving examples of Bush-type, developed by American civil engineer
Lincoln Bush, and related train sheds include:
Hoboken Terminal, Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Union Station, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Toronto Union Station, Toronto, Ontario, Canada - designed by A.R. Ketterson
Communipaw Terminal, Jersey City, New Jersey, United States Mount Royal Station used by Maryland Institute College of Art for its Sculpture program Baltimore, Maryland
Surviving examples of other train sheds include:
The middle of the twentieth century saw concrete used as a structural material.
Surviving examples include:
Modern steel and glass
Waterloo International (across the foreground) with the older Waterloo station beyond (June 2004)
After many years with few, if any, significant new train sheds, recent years have seen some major stations given graceful train sheds by using modern technology.
Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Berlin, Germany Longyang Road station on the
Shanghai Maglev Train line
Gwangmyeong Station, Seoul, South Korea
Jefferson Station, Philadelphia, United States (while station is located underground, it has above-ground structures for the purpose of sheltering the platforms and trains)
Stillwell Avenue subway station, New York City, United States
Waterloo International, London, England
Southern Cross station, Melbourne, Australia
Liège-Guillemins, Liège, Belgium Manchester Victoria station, Manchester, England
In the United States, the
Walt Disney World Monorail System has some trainsheds along its route, including the entrance-gate station and the main hall (or Grand Canyon Concourse) of the Contemporary Resort.
North America tram cars, there called streetcars or trolleys, are sometimes stored in structures called car barns or car houses. These buildings are usually enclosed and provide cover for trams from the elements.
List of car barns: