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Shri Krishna Temple Udupi
ಉಡುಪಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನ
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DeityKrishna
Location
LocationUdupi
StateKarnataka
CountryIndia
Udupi Sri Krishna Matha
Location in Karnataka
Geographic coordinates13°19′56″N 74°44′46″E / 13.33222°N 74.74611°E / 13.33222; 74.74611Coordinates: 13°19′56″N 74°44′46″E / 13.33222°N 74.74611°E / 13.33222; 74.74611
Architecture
TypeDravidian architecture
Completed13th Century

Udupi Shri Krishna Temple is a well-known historic Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krishna and Dvaita Matha located in the city of Udupi in Karnataka, India.

The Matha area resembles a living Aashram, a holy place for daily devotion and living. Surrounding the Shri Krishna Temple are several temples namely the Udupi Anantheshwara Temple which is over a thousand years old.[1]

History

Chariot in front of Sri Krishna Temple
Chariot in front of Sri Krishna Temple

The Krishna Matha was founded by the Vaishnavite saint Jagadguru Shri Madhvacharya in the 13th century. He was the founder of the Dwaita school of Vedanta. It is believed that Madhwacharya found the vigraha of Shri Krishna in a large ball of gopichandana.[2] As told by Sri Madhvacharya, in his Tantrasara Sangraha, the Vigraha is placed Pashchimabhimukha (facing west). All the other Vigrahas in other Ashta Muthas face west as well. Devotees always have darshan of Lord Krishna through the inner window, known as the Navagruha Kindi & the outer window known as the Kanakana Kindi, which is decorated by an arch named after him. A statue has also been erected. A similar window covers the immediate front of the Vigraha and is called Navagraha Kindi. It is often mistaken to be the Kanakuna Kindi.[3]

The temple opens at 5:30 hours IST. The unique feature of the temple is that the deity is worshipped through a silver-plated window with nine holes (Navagraha Kindi).[4] The temple also offers prasadam (lunch) at noon and is popularly called Anna Brahma as it feeds a vast number of devotees.

Krishna Matha

The daily sevas (offerings to god) and administration of the Krishna Mathas is managed by the Ashta Mathas (eight monasteries). Each of the Ashta Mathas performs temple management activities for two years in a cyclical order. They are collectively known as the Ashta Mathagalu in Kannada. Each Ashta Matha [5] has its own deity which is called Pattada Devaru.

The Krishna Matha is known throughout the world for its religious customs, traditions and tenets of Dvaita or Tatvavada philosophy. It is also the center of Daasa Saahitya, a form of literature that originated in Udupi.

These eight Mathas are:

The expenses of Udupi Krishna Matha are borne by the voluntary contributions of the devotees and by the Ashta Mathas that manage the Krishna Matha. The contribution may be in cash or kind. The Krishna Matha, which owned large tracts of land, lost it all in 1975 due to the enactment of the Land Reforms Act 1975 by the Government of Karnataka.

The Pauli of Krishna Matha was renovated and the Brahmakalashotsava ceremony was held on 18 May 2017.[6]

Swamijis of the Ashta Mathas

The Swamijis of the Ashta Mathas and their successors are as follows.

Matha Current Swaameejee Successor or Junior
Pejavara Shri Vishvaprasanna Teertha Swamiji
Palimaru Shri Vidyadeesha Teertha Swamiji Shri Vidyarajeshwara Teertha Swamiji
Adamaru Shri Vishvapriya Teertha Swamiji Shri Eeshapriya Teertha Swamiji
Puttige Shri Sugunendra Teertha Swamiji Shri Sushreendra Teertha Swamiji
Sodhe Shri Vishwavallabha Teertha Swamiji
Kaniyooru Shri Vidyavallabha Teertha Swamiji
Shirur Shri Vedavardhana Teertha Swamiji
Krishnapura Shri Vidyasagara Teertha Swamiji

Festivals

During the Paryaya festival, held every two years, the temple management is handed over to the next Ashta Matha, which has been entrusted the responsibility of running the temple turn by turn. Each of the Mathas is headed by a Swami, who will be in charge of the temple during his Paryaya. The Paryaya is held on even years like 2008, 2010 and 2012. The Paryaya tradition has completed 500 years as of 2021.[7] Presently, Sri Admaru Math is administering the temple with Junior Pontiff Sri Eshapriya Teertha Swami [8] ascending the post of Sarvajna or Paryaya Peetha. Festivals like Makara Sankranthi, Ratha Sapthami, Madhva Navami, Hanuman Jayanthi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Navarathi Mahotsava, Madhva Jayanti (Vijaya Dashami), Naraka Chathurdashi, Deepavali, Geetha Jayanthi etc. are celebrated very grandly by Paryaya Mutt every year.[9]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ South India. Lonely Planet. 2009. ISBN 9781741791556.
  2. ^ Lalit Chugh (23 May 2017). Karnataka's Rich Heritage – Temple Sculptures & Dancing Apsaras: An Amalgam of Hindu Mythology, Natyasastra and Silpasastra. Notion Press. p. 41. ISBN 9781947137363. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  3. ^ Manu V. Devadevan (10 October 2016). A Prehistory of Hinduism. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 120. ISBN 9783110517378. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  4. ^ S. Anees Siraj (2012). Karnataka State: Udupi District. Government of Karnataka, Karnataka Gazetteer Department. p. 999.
  5. ^ "Ashta Matha or Eight Monasteries of Sri Krishna Mutt". Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Brahmakalashotva celebrations held at Sri Krishna Mutt". udayavani.com. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
  7. ^ "CM to inaugurate new free darshan pathway in Udupi temple". The Hindu. 18 January 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Udupi: Eshapriya Teertha Swamiji to ascend Paryaya on Jan 17". coastaldigest.com - The Trusted News Portal of India. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  9. ^ "Udupi Sri Krishna Matha". karnataka.com. Retrieved 27 May 2017.