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United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB)
Company typeState-owned[1]
IndustryFinance and Insurance
FoundedManila, Philippines
(May 15, 1963; 60 years ago (1963-05-15))
DefunctMarch 1, 2022; 23 months ago (2022-03-01)
FateMerged into Land Bank of the Philippines with Land Bank as the surviving entity
HeadquartersMakati, Philippines
Key people
  • Danilo V. Pulido, (Acting Chairman of the Board)
  • Liduvino S. Geron (Officer-in-Charge)[2]
ProductsFinancial services
3.3 billion (Increase) (2015) [1]
Number of employees
4,064 [3]
Websitewww.ucpb.com

The United Coconut Planters Bank, more popularly known by its initials, UCPB, or by its old name, Cocobank, was a government-owned bank and was one of the largest banks in the Philippines, ranking within the top twenty banks in the country in terms of assets. It was the only existing universal bank not listed on the Philippine Stock Exchange. The bank, owing to its name, catered heavily to coconut farmers, but also served a wide-ranging clientele.

In July 2020, the Philippine government raised its stake with the bank to 97%, thus resulting for its conversion to a government controlled bank.[1][4]

Effective March 1, 2022, UCPB merged with Land Bank of the Philippines, with Land Bank as the surviving entity.

As of February 1, 2024, UCPB Savings Bank still survives as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Land Bank of the Philippines as its Thrift Bank affiliate.

History

The last incarnation of the original logo of UCPB, which lasted from the 1980s until 2009.

UCPB started on May 15, 1963, as First United Bank (Philippines). With only four branches at the time, it was a small commercial bank.[5]

UCPB's origin can be found in Presidential Decree No. 755 (or P.D. No. 755) by President Ferdinand Marcos on July 29, 1975, instructed the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA) to "formulate and recommend for adoption credit policies affecting production, marketing and processing of coconut and other palm oils" and "to provide readily available credit facilities to the coconut farmers at preferential rates."[6] The PCA, headed by Juan Ponce Enrile, then purchased the 72.2% of First United Bank owned by Jose Cojuangco.[7]

Cocobank was the official short bank name in the 1980s and the early 1990s.

In 1990, UCPB, along with Equitable Banking Corporation (now Banco de Oro Universal Bank), Philippine National Bank and the Far East Bank and Trust Company (now the Bank of the Philippine Islands), formed MegaLink, one of the three main interbank networks in the Philippines. However, UCPB's ATM services date back to the 1980s, when it was one of the first financial institutions to offer ATM services. It established its pre-need services arm, Cocoplans, in 1993.

A UCPB branch in Cainta, Rizal

The bank was also heavily involved in social development projects and other charity works. It had a total at its peak, 188 branches and 279 ATMs nationwide. It is also the only universal bank to have a rural banking subsidiary, although this has since been merged into its thrift banking operations since late 2005. On November, the last quarter of 2015, UCPB became a member of BancNet.

In 2018, the bank started its conversion to a government bank, joining the league of LandBank, Development Bank of the Philippines and Overseas Filipino Bank. Later in 2020, the Philippine government dropped the privatization plans of the bank by further raising its stake of ownership from 75% to 97%, thus resulting furthermore for UCPB in becoming a state-owned and controlled bank.[1][4]

Merger with LandBank

On June 25, 2021, President Rodrigo Duterte signed an Executive Order No. 142 to merge Land Bank of the Philippines with the UCPB, with the former as the surviving entity.[8][9][10]

Subsidiaries and affiliates

A UCPB Savings Bank branch in Alaminos, Laguna

Subsidiaries of UCPB were the following:

Competition

Due to its position as a universal bank, UCPB competed primarily against major Philippine banks like Metrobank, Banco de Oro, EastWest Bank, BPI, Land Bank of the Philippines and PNB.

As a state-controlled bank, it joined the league in competition even if for a short while with other government banks - Development Bank of the Philippines, Land Bank of the Philippines and Overseas Filipino Bank.[1][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Gov’t bolsters stake in UCPB to 97% by converting P12B notes. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "UCPB Board of Directors". Archived from the original on June 19, 2018.
  3. ^ "THE STRENGTH AND STABILITY You can rely on" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 4, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Government expands UCPB stake to majority. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  5. ^ "How 'coconut levy funds bought SMC shares' | Inquirer News". May 14, 2011.
  6. ^ Presidential Decree No. 755 (July 29, 1975), Approving the Credit Policy for the Coconut Industry as Recommended by the Philippine Coconut Authority and Providing Funds Therefor, retrieved July 22, 2022
  7. ^ Panesa, Edmer F. "Cojuangco loses claim to UCPB block". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved December 4, 2007.
  8. ^ Manuel, Pilar (June 29, 2021). "Duterte approves merger of Landbank, UCPB". CNN Philippines. Archived from the original on June 29, 2021. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
  9. ^ Aguilar, Krissy (June 29, 2021). "Duterte approves merger of Landbank and UCPB". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
  10. ^ Executive Order No. 142 (June 25, 2021), Approving the Merger of the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) and the United Coconut Planters Bank (UCPB), and the Acquisition by the LBP of the Special Preferred Shares of the Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC) in the UCPB (PDF), retrieved July 22, 2022