University of Mary Washington
James Farmer Hall at University of Mary Washington
Former names
State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Fredericksburg (1908–1938)
Mary Washington College (1938–1944; 1972–2004)
Mary Washington College of the University of Virginia (1944–1972)
MottoPro Deo Domo Patria (Latin)
Motto in English
"For God, Home, and Country"
TypePublic liberal arts university
Established1908; 116 years ago (1908)
Academic affiliations
Endowment$58.8 million (2020)[1]
PresidentTroy Paino
ProvostTim O'Donnell
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Location, ,
United States

38°18′07″N 77°28′30″W / 38.30194°N 77.47500°W / 38.30194; -77.47500
CampusMidsize suburb, 176 acres (0.71 km2)
Other campusesDahlgren
ColorsNavy blue and gray
Sporting affiliations
MascotSammy D. Eagle
University of Mary Washington is located in Northern Virginia
University of Mary Washington
Location in northern Virginia
University of Mary Washington is located in Virginia
University of Mary Washington
Location in Virginia
University of Mary Washington is located in the United States
University of Mary Washington
Location in United States

University of Mary Washington (UMW) is a public liberal arts university in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Established in 1908 as the Fredericksburg Teachers College, the institution was named Mary Washington College in 1938 after Mary Ball Washington, mother of the first president of the United States, George Washington. The General Assembly of Virginia changed the college's name to University of Mary Washington in 2004 to reflect the addition of graduate and professional programs to the central undergraduate curriculum, as well as the establishment of more than one campus. The university offers more than 60 graduate and undergraduate degree programs in three colleges: Arts and Sciences, Business, and Education.


On March 14, 1908, Virginia Governor Claude A. Swanson signed into law legislation for the establishment of the new State Normal and Industrial School for Women. It was called Fredericksburg Teachers College. The institution was renamed Mary Washington College in 1938 after Mary Ball Washington, mother of the first president of the United States of America, George Washington, and longtime resident of Fredericksburg.[3][4]

In 1944 the college became associated with the University of Virginia as its women's college. Until that time, the University of Virginia had not admitted women as undergraduates, except in its education and nursing programs, although its postgraduate programs were coeducational. Following UVA's transition to coeducational status in 1970, the Virginia General Assembly reorganized Mary Washington College in 1972 as a separate, coeducational institution.[5]

In 1988, the University's Center for Historic Preservation established the Historic Preservation Book Prize, awarded annually by a jury of preservation academics and professionals to the book with the most potential for breaking new ground and positively impacting the discipline of historic preservation in the United States. Since that time, the Prize has gone to David Lowenthal, Roy Rosenzweig, Elizabeth Blackmar, Mike Wallace, Richard Longstreth, Francoise Astorg Bollack, Catherine Fleming Bruce (the first African-American awardee) and Thomas Hubka, among others.[6]

The General Assembly of Virginia enacted legislation changing the college's name to University of Mary Washington on March 19, 2004,[7] to reflect the addition of master's degree programs and the establishment of more than one campus.

The university's first LEED-certified building, CGPS North Building, was built in 2007. The university houses stops along the route of the Fredericksburg Regional Transit System (FRED). The school signed an Energy Performance Contract with the energy service company NORESCO from 2005 to 2007, enabling the campus to install water saving devices which reduced campus water consumption by 50%. NORESCO also installed low energy light fixtures, occupant sensors, HVAC controls, and completed replacement of leaking condensate piping.[8]


Once the library, James Farmer Hall features a rotunda. Today, it houses the Classics Philosophy and Religion, Mathematics, and Computer Science departments
The Jepson Science Center houses the Physics, Chemistry, and Biology departments, among others.

University of Mary Washington is a public liberal arts university accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.[9]

UMW has five pre-professional programs: pre-dental, pre-law, pre-med, pre-pharmacy, and pre-veterinary. Bachelor's degrees include a Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Arts, and Bachelor of Science in Business Administration in addition to two degree completion programs – a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and a Bachelor of Liberal Studies (BLS).[10] Master's degrees include a Master of Business Administration (MBA), Master of Education (M.Ed.), Master of Education for Professional Development or Added Endorsement (M.Ed.), Master of Science in Elementary Education (M.S.) and a Master of Geospatial Analysis (MSGA). UMW also offers a Geographic Information Science certificate.[11]


Much of UMW's Fredericksburg campus is located on Marye's Heights, a steep hill which, like Sunken Road (the campus' northeastern boundary), played an important role in the 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg. The campus is within walking distance to the historic downtown with shops, restaurants and the Rappahannock River.[10] Other campuses are Stafford Campus, seven miles north of Fredericksburg, and Dahlgren Campus, near the Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division.


By statute of the Code of Virginia, University of Mary Washington is governed by a Board of Visitors, one member of which is elected every two years to serve as Rector. The UMW Board of Visitors is composed of twelve members appointed by the Governor of Virginia and confirmed by the General Assembly. At least six members of the Board must be alumni of the university, and no more than three may be nonresidents of Virginia. Each member serves a term of four years and may be eligible for reappointment to one successive term.[12]

Troy Paino arrived at UMW July 1, 2016 as its tenth and current president.[13] Prior to coming to UMW, Paino served for six years as president of Truman State University in Kirksville, Missouri.

Past presidents

Student life


UMW has many traditions on campus. Honor Convocation is held at the start of each academic year for incoming freshman, where they first sign the school's Honor Pledge. Similarly, Eagle Gathering is a candlelit celebration on Ball Circle that marks the start of the year and officially welcomes the newest class to UMW. Club Carnival occurs on the first week of the semester, where clubs showcase themselves for prospective members. Later in the fall semester UMW has its Family Weekend, typically held in the fall semester, where families visit the campus to get a taste of student life through events, performances and tours. Spirit Week is a series of student events that lead up to Homecoming and the return of UMW alumni to the university for athletic contests and tailgating. Senior Countdown is an event that celebrates 100 days until graduation for the undergraduate class.

In the spring semester, UMW hosts its Multicultural Fair, where it has performances, events, and global cuisines. Most notably, towards the end of the semester, UMW holds "Devil-Goat Day" where members of the Devils (students who graduate in an odd numbered year) and Goats (those who graduate in even numbered years) compete in carnival-style games on Ball Circle. The Spring Formal is an annual formal dance held in April, where students learn the location of the formal—unique each year—only once they are on the buses heading over. Mr. UMW is a unique talent show in which contestants perform to be named "Mr. UMW" by the end of the night.[14] WMWC is the school's unlicensed student run campus radio station.[15]


UMW Athletics' 23 teams compete in the NCAA Division III Coast to Coast Athletic Conference. Known as the UMW Eagles, 308 of these student-athletes have been named to All-American teams. The university's women's rugby team won the 2014 USA Rugby Division II National Championship.[16] UMW's men's rugby team won the USA Rugby's D1AA Fall Championship in 2017.[17] The UMW ultimate frisbee teams have both made names for themselves as national contenders. The men’s team, Mother of George, competed for the USAU Division III College National Championship in the spring of 2018 and fall of 2021, while the women’s team, Mary Massacre, qualified for the Championship in the spring seasons of 2011, 2012, 2013, 2019, and 2022.


In 2018, Peace Corps named UMW was a Top Volunteer-Producing Colleges and Universities for the tenth year in a row, ranking it fourth among small schools. A total of 261 UMW alumni have served in the Peace Corps since the agency's founding in 1961.[18] UMW became a Peace Corps Prep Program partner in 2017.[19]

UMW was ranked among the top 382 colleges in the nation by The Princeton Review, which featured UMW in its 2018 issue of "The Best 382 Colleges."[20]

UMW was ranked 154th in National Liberal Arts by the U.S. News & World Report's 2024 college rankings[21]

In 2017, the school's debate team was ranked 43rd by the Cross Examination Debate Association.[22] In 2009, the team ranked third overall in the National Debate Tournament.[23]


  1. ^ As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "E24: Fall Headcount by Tuition Status and Level".
  3. ^ Alvey, Edward (1974). History of Mary Washington College 1908–1972. University of Virginia Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-8139-0528-0.
  4. ^ "H. Res. 77" (PDF). The Library of Congress. January 21, 2009. Retrieved January 24, 2010.
  5. ^ Alvey, Edward (1974). History of Mary Washington College 1908–1972. University of Virginia Press. pp. 278, 511. ISBN 978-0-8139-0528-0.
  6. ^ Henry, Christine (November 10, 2022). "Book Prize". University of Mary Washington Historic Preservation. Retrieved November 10, 2022.
  7. ^ "Bill Tracking - 2004 session > Legislation".
  8. ^ "Water Conservation Measures". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
  9. ^ "Institution Details". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges. 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
  10. ^ a b "Undergrad Catalog" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Graduate Catalog" (PDF).
  12. ^ "Board of Visitors". University of Mary Washington. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  13. ^ "UMW Announces Tenth President - News". February 15, 2016.
  14. ^ "Traditions - Undergraduate Orientation".
  15. ^ "About Us", WMWC: UMW Campus Radio. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  16. ^ "Women's Rugby Team Wins National Championship". University of Mary Washington. May 12, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2016.
  17. ^ "UMW Men's Rugby Storms Way to USA Rugby D1AA Fall National Championship; Tops St. Joseph's, 37-13". December 3, 2017.
  18. ^ "UMW Again Named Top Peace Corps Producer - News". February 21, 2018.
  19. ^ "UMW Adopts Peace Corps Prep Program - News". April 3, 2017.
  20. ^ "Princeton Review Ranks UMW Among Nation's Best - News". August 1, 2017.
  21. ^ "University of Mary Washington | Mary Washington Overall Rankings | US News Best Colleges". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved May 1, 2024.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. ^ Cross Examination Debate Association. "CEDA Point Rankings". California State University, Fullerton. Retrieved January 24, 2009.
  23. ^ Hanson, Jim (2009). National Debate Tournament: Fall 2009 Report (Report). Whitman College. Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2010.

Further reading