2023 Arbitration Committee Elections

Status as of 00:30 (UTC), Sunday, 9 June 2024 (Purge)

The twenty-first annual election for the English Wikipedia's Arbitration Committee was held during November to December 2023.

Election process[edit]

Before the election

These processes were initiated and evaluated by volunteer coordinators, as there was no Electoral Commission at this stage.

  1. Election Request for Comment (from Friday 00:00, 01 September 2023 (UTC) until Saturday 23:59, 30 September 2023 (UTC)) → the pre-election RfC ran for 30 days in September.
  2. Electoral Commission Request for Comment → the Electoral Commission was selected across three weeks in October:
    1. 7-day self-nomination period (from Monday 00:00, 02 October 2023 (UTC) until Sunday 23:59, 08 October 2023 (UTC)) → open to users who: a) were at least 18 years old, b) satisfied the access to nonpublic personal data policy, and c) were otherwise eligible to vote.
    2. 7-day evaluation period (from Monday 00:00, 09 October 2023 (UTC) until Sunday 23:59, 15 October 2023 (UTC)) (Note: Community input was restricted to the evaluation period).
    3. 7-day selection deadline (completed by Monday 00:00, 23 October 2023 (UTC))

Election timeline

  1. Self-nomination period from Sunday 00:00, 12 November 2023 (UTC) until Tuesday 23:59, 21 November 2023 (UTC) (10 days) → interested editors could submit a candidate statement. An editor was eligible to stand as a candidate who:
    1. had a registered account and had made at least 500 mainspace edits before 1 November 2023,
    2. was not prevented from submitting their candidacy by a block or ban,
    3. met the Wikimedia Foundation's criteria for access to non-public personal data, was willing to sign the Foundation's non-public information confidentiality agreement, and
    4. had disclosed any previous or alternate accounts in their election statements (legitimate accounts which had been declared to the Arbitration Committee before the close of nominations did not need to be publicly disclosed).
  2. Voting period from Tuesday 00:00, 28 November 2023 (UTC) until Monday 23:59, 11 December 2023 (UTC) (14 days) → eligible voters could vote on the candidates, using the SecurePoll system. An editor was eligible to vote who:
    1. had registered an account before 00:00, 1 October 2023,
    2. had made at least 150 mainspace edits before 00:00, 1 November 2023,
    3. had made at least 10 live edits (in any namespace) in the one year prior to 00:00, 1 November 2023, and
    4. was not blocked from the English Wikipedia at the time of their vote.
  3. Scrutineering period (immediately following the voting period) → scrutineers, consisting of stewards whose main wikis are not the English Wikipedia, checked the votes (e.g. for duplicate, missing, and ineligible votes), and compiled a tally of the results. For more details, see the instructions for scrutineers. This activity typically takes 1–2 weeks, but in this case took longer.

Community notification

When voting started, a mass message was sent out to all eligible voters that had been active within the last 12 months and met other criteria. If this could be done within 72 hours of the voting starting, the Electoral Commission could have elected to notify all eligible voters.


Candidate Support Neutral[note 1] Oppose Net[note 2] Percentage[note 3] Result
Firefly (talk · contribs) 865 525 201 664 81.14% Two-year term
Maxim (talk · contribs) 820 574 197 623 80.63% Two-year term
ToBeFree (talk · contribs) 789 552 250 539 75.94% Two-year term
HJ Mitchell (talk · contribs) 809 514 268 541 75.12% Two-year term
Aoidh (talk · contribs) 644 715 232 412 73.52% Two-year term
Z1720 (talk · contribs) 576 730 285 291 66.90% Two-year term
Cabayi (talk · contribs) 620 649 322 298 65.82% Two-year term
Sdrqaz (talk · contribs) 553 745 293 260 65.37% Two-year term
Wugapodes (talk · contribs) 658 564 369 289 64.07%
Robert McClenon (talk · contribs) 608 544 439 169 58.07%
  1. ^ All voters were required to register a preference of either "Support", "Neutral", or "Oppose" for each candidate. The "Neutral" column is simply the total votes for which voters did not select the Support or Oppose option.
  2. ^ Net = Support − Oppose
  3. ^ Percentage = (Support / (Support + Oppose)) * 100 (rounded to 2 decimal places)

For ElectCom: — xaosflux Talk 00:48, 30 December 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Results certified by
Note: Results are unofficial until certified by a majority of the available scrutineers
  1. --Superpes15 (talk) 00:57, 30 December 2023 (UTC)[reply]
  2. --Martin Urbanec (talk) 01:21, 30 December 2023 (UTC)[reply]
  3. --Mykola7 (talk) 01:34, 30 December 2023 (UTC)[reply]

Election rules[edit]

The rules for the election were determined by successive community Requests for Comment. Prior rules continue to be in force unless they had specific expiration dates or have been subsequently repealed or amended. A referenced summary of the election rules is available at ACERFC decisions to date.

Vacant seats[edit]

For the 2023 election, seven current arbitrators were to continue in the final year of their term. Up to eight (8) vacant seats could have been filled in this election (including one midterm resignation) for either a two-year term (January 1, 2024 – December 31, 2025) or a one-year term (January 1, 2024 – December 31, 2024), depending on the candidate's level of support. Candidates are appointed in decreasing order of their percentage of support, as calculated by support/(support + oppose), until all seats are filled or no more candidates meet the required support percentage. There was a neutral option; choosing this option did not affect the support percentage for the candidate, and was treated as though you did not vote with respect to that candidate.

The minimum percentage of support that is required is 60% for a two-year term, and 50% for a one-year term. If there had been more vacant seats than candidates with the required minimum support, those seats would remain vacant until the next election.

User:Z1720User:ToBeFreeUser:SdrqazUser:MaximUser:HJ MitchellUser:FireflyUser:CabayiUser:AoidhUser:Worm That TurnedUser:WugapodesUser:Opabinia regalisUser:IznoUser:EnterpriseyUser:Donald AlburyUser:CabayiUser:BeeblebroxUser:SilkTorkUser:PrimefacUser:MoneytreesUser:L235User:GuerilleroUser:GeneralNotabilityUser:CaptainEekUser:Barkeep49User:PrimefacUser:MaximUser:L235User:BDDUser:BradvUser:CaptainEekUser:Barkeep49Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee Elections December 2023Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee Elections December 2022Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee Elections December 2021Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee Elections December 2020


Main page: Wikipedia:Arbitration Committee Elections December 2023/Coordination

The Arbitration Committee elections are organized entirely by community volunteers, independent of the Arbitration Committee itself. Before every election, an RfC is held so that the community may propose and implement any changes to the format of the election. Any rules or practices that were not specifically changed by the RfC are carried over from the previous election.

Ordinary editors who help run the day-to-day operations of the election are known as coordinators. Election coordinators have no special authority or abilities, but facilitate the smooth running of the election in any way that is needed. Editors interested in helping run the election can add their names to the list of coordinators.

The three-member Electoral Commission is appointed by the community in a separate RfC before the election. Commissioners are responsible for addressing any unforeseen problems that may arise in the election process, and for adjudicating any disputes relating to the election. The Electoral Commission has the full mandate and authority to decisively settle any issues that arise. In addition, while the Electoral Commission itself is not inherently responsible for logistics of the election, Commissioners should ensure that preparations for the election move forward in a timely fashion. As such, Commissioners are de facto coordinators and usually have an active role in running the election.

The last group of volunteers are the scrutineers. Three scrutineers are drawn from stewards who primarily work at other projects. Scrutineers are responsible for providing oversight for the voting process itself. Scrutineers' responsibilities include guarding against abuse and technical errors, ensuring that valid votes are counted while invalid ones are discarded, and confirming that the final tally of votes is correct and certifying the official results. Scrutineers work behind the scenes and are not otherwise involved in coordinating the more minor areas of the election. The Electoral Commission is the liaison between the scrutineers and the rest of the community.


See the "Election timeline" section above for voter and candidate eligibility requirements

For candidates

Nominations for candidates opened at 00:00 UTC, 12 November 2023 and closed at 23:59 UTC, 21 November 2023. During this time, any editor who met the criteria stated in the "Election timeline" section above could nominate themselves by following the instructions to create a candidate statement on the candidates page. Once the nomination period ended, candidates could answer individual questions on the questions page as they wished. Candidates could continue to answer questions until the end of the voting period (23:59 UTC, 11 December 2023).

For more information about the work involved with serving on the committee, see the arbitrator experiences page.

For voters

See also: Wikipedia:5-minute guide to ArbCom elections

Once candidates nominated themselves, voters were invited to review and discuss them. Voters could ask questions throughout the election.

To facilitate their discussions and judgements, voters were encouraged to familiarize themselves with the candidates. This could be done through reading the candidate statements, the answers to the questions put to each candidate (linked from their candidate statements), and the discussion of each candidate (a centralized collection of which will be made available at the discussion page). In addition, a summary guide to candidates was made available, and augmented by a set of personal guides by individual voters.

Voting ran for 14 days, from 00:00 UTC, 28 November 2023 to 23:59 UTC, 11 December 2023. The process was conducted using the SecurePoll extension, which ensured that individual voters' decisions were not publicly viewable (although technical information about voters, such as their IP address and user-agents, was visible to the WMF-identified election administrators and scrutineers).

Voters were invited to choose one of three options for each candidate: "Support", "Oppose" or "Neutral"; and the number of "Support", "Oppose" or "Neutral" preferences a voter can express was otherwise limited only by the number of candidates. After voters entered their choices for all of the candidates and submitted their votes, they could revisit and change their decisions, but attempting to do so would require expressing preferences for all candidates from scratch. Because of the risk of server lag, voters were advised to cast their vote at least an hour before the close of voting to ensure their vote would be counted.