Millennium: 2nd millennium
July 24: Battle of Denain
1712 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1712
Ab urbe condita2465
Armenian calendar1161
Assyrian calendar6462
Balinese saka calendar1633–1634
Bengali calendar1119
Berber calendar2662
British Regnal year10 Ann. 1 – 11 Ann. 1
Buddhist calendar2256
Burmese calendar1074
Byzantine calendar7220–7221
Chinese calendar辛卯年 (Metal Rabbit)
4409 or 4202
    — to —
壬辰年 (Water Dragon)
4410 or 4203
Coptic calendar1428–1429
Discordian calendar2878
Ethiopian calendar1704–1705
Hebrew calendar5472–5473
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1768–1769
 - Shaka Samvat1633–1634
 - Kali Yuga4812–4813
Holocene calendar11712
Igbo calendar712–713
Iranian calendar1090–1091
Islamic calendar1123–1124
Japanese calendarShōtoku 2
Javanese calendar1635–1636
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4045
Minguo calendar200 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar244
Thai solar calendar2254–2255
Tibetan calendar阴金兔年
(female Iron-Rabbit)
1838 or 1457 or 685
    — to —
(male Water-Dragon)
1839 or 1458 or 686

1712 (MDCCXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1712th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 712th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 18th century, and the 3rd year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1712, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

In the Swedish calendar it began as a leap year starting on Monday and remained so until Thursday, February 29. By adding a second leap day (Friday, February 30) Sweden reverted to the Julian calendar and the rest of the year (from Saturday, March 1) was in sync with the Julian calendar. Sweden finally made the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar in 1753. This year had 367 days.



April –June



Date unknown


Ludwig van Beethoven (1712–1773) born 5 January
Frederick the Great born 24 January
Tokugawa Ieshige born 28 January
Nasir Jung born 26 February
Louis-Joseph de Montcalm born 28 February
Empress Xiaoxianchun born 28 March
Devasahayam Pillai born 23 April
Thomas Cotes (Royal Navy officer) born 4 June
Benjamin Ingham born 11 June
George Grenville born 14 October
John Thomas (bishop of Rochester) born 14 October
Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp born 24 October
Francesco Algarotti born 11 December
Peter Boehler born 31 December






Jan van der Heyden
Richard Cromwell
Giovanni Domenico Cassini

Unknown date


  1. ^ "Alderney Local History - 1712 Wreck of HMS Dragon".
  2. ^ "Historical Events for Year 1712 |". Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  3. ^ "Handel conquers London". Gramophone.
  4. ^ "Notable Dates in History". The Flag in the Wind. The Scots Independent. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  5. ^ Rolt, L. T. C.; Allen, J. S. (1977). "The First Newcomen Engines c1710-15". The Steam Engine of Thomas Newcomen (new ed.). Hartington: Moorland. pp. 44–57. ISBN 0-903485-42-7.
  6. ^ Mayne, Brian (July 1, 2006). "Ireland". In Hefling, Charles; Shattuck, Cynthia (eds.). The Oxford Guide to the Book of Common Prayer: A Worldwide Survey. Oxford University Press. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-19-972389-8. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  7. ^ Restoration and 18th-Century Drama. Macmillan International Higher Education. November 1980. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-349-16422-6.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "History of George Grenville - GOV.UK". Retrieved June 19, 2023.
  9. ^ "Sir James Steuart Denham, 4th Baronet | Scottish economist | Britannica". Retrieved May 31, 2022.