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ARINC
IndustryAirports, aviation, defense, government, healthcare, networks, security, and transportation
Founded1929 as Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated
FateAcquired
HeadquartersCedar Rapids, Iowa, United States; Formerly Annapolis, Maryland, United States
RevenueIncrease$919 million USD (2006).
OwnerCollins Aerospace
Number of employees
3,200
Websiterockwellcollins.com

Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated (ARINC), established in 1929, was a major provider of transport communications and systems engineering solutions for eight industries: aviation, airports, defense, government, healthcare, networks, security, and transportation. ARINC had installed computer data networks in police cars and railroad cars and also maintains the standards for line-replaceable units.[citation needed]

ARINC was formerly headquartered in Annapolis, Maryland, and had two regional headquarters in London, established in 1999 to serve the Europe, Middle East, and Africa region, and Singapore, established in 2003 for the Asia Pacific region. ARINC had more than 3,200 employees at over 120 locations worldwide.

The sale of the company by Carlyle Group to Rockwell Collins was completed on December 23, 2013, and from November 2018 onward operates as part of Collins Aerospace.

History

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ARINC was incorporated in 1929 as Aeronautical Radio, Incorporated. It was chartered by the Federal Radio Commission (which later became the Federal Communications Commission) in order to serve as the airline industry's single licensee and coordinator of radio communication outside of the government. The corporation's stock was held by four major airlines of the day. Through most of its history, ARINC was owned by airlines and other aviation-related companies such as Boeing until the sale to The Carlyle Group in October 2007.

Not much later ARINC took on the responsibility for all ground-based, aeronautical radio stations and for ensuring station compliance with Federal Radio Commission (FRC) rules and regulations. Using this as a base technology, ARINC expanded its contributions to transport communications as well as continuing to support the commercial aviation industry and U.S. military.

ARINC also developed the standards for the trays and boxes used to hold standard line-replaceable units (like radios) in aircraft. This subsequently allowed electronics to be rapidly replaced without complex fasteners or test equipment.

In 1978 ARINC introduced ACARS (Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System), a datalink system that enables ground stations (airports, aircraft maintenance bases, etc.) to upload data (such as flight plans) and download data (such as fuel quantity, weight on wheels, flight management system (FMS) data), via an onboard Communications Management Unit (CMU).

ARINC has expanded its business in aerospace and defense through its ARINC Engineering Services subsidiary. With the sale of the company to Rockwell Collins, the ARINC Engineering Services subsidiary split into Commercial Aerospace and Defense Services. The Defense Services branch was then purchased by Booz Allen Hamilton, remaining part of the Carlyle group.[1]

The sale of a Standards Development Organization (SDP) to a corporate sponsor raised concerns of conflict of interest and resulted in the sale of the ARINC Industry Activities (IA) Division to SAE International in January 2014. It now operates under the SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC).[2][3]

United Technologies completed its acquisition of Rockwell Collins in November 2018 and merged it with its UTC Aerospace Systems to form Collins Aerospace.

Activities and services

Though known for publishing "ARINC Standards", this role is independent of ARINC commercial activities.

Standardization and ARINC Industry Activities

ARINC Industry Activities involve three aviation committees:[4][5]

ARINC services

ARINC services include:

Standards

The ARINC Standards are prepared by the Airlines Electronic Engineering Committee (AEEC) where aviation suppliers such as Collins Aerospace and GE Aviation serve as contributors in support of their airline customer base. An abbreviated list follows.

400 Series

The 400 Series describes guidelines for installation, wiring, data buses, and databases.

500 Series

The 500 Series describes older analog avionics equipment used on early jet aircraft such as the Boeing 727, Douglas DC-9, DC-10, Boeing 737 and 747, and Airbus A300.

600 Series

The 600 Series are reference standards for avionics equipment specified by the ARINC 700 Series

ARINC 628 compliant wireless access point by Lufthansa Technik
ARINC 628 compliant wireless access point by Lufthansa Technik

700 Series

The 700 Series describes the form, fit, and function of avionics equipment installed predominately on transport category aircraft.[10]

800 Series

The 800 Series comprises a set of aviation standards for aircraft, including fiber optics used in high-speed data buses.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Booz Allen Hamilton to Acquire Defense Engineering Services Division of ARINC | Booz Allen Hamilton". Archived from the original on 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2017-03-02.
  2. ^ "Arinc's new owner to sell off two subsidiaries - Baltimore Business Journal". Archived from the original on 2013-12-30.
  3. ^ "SAE International Completes Asset Purchase of ARINC Industry Activities – Expands Aerospace Portfolio".
  4. ^ "Aviation committees". ARINC. Archived from the original on 2010-07-31. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  5. ^ "AEEC, AMC, & FSEMC:Aviation Industry Activities Organized by ARINC" (PDF). ARINC. September 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-15. Retrieved 2010-07-25.
  6. ^ "AIM data sheet" (PDF). Rockwell Collins. May 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  7. ^ "Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity". Rockwell Collins. Retrieved 19 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Air Transport Equipment Cases and Racking - ARINC 404". Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  9. ^ "FAA Standards, Category: Aeronautical". Archived from the original on 2007-06-29.
  10. ^ "ARINC Store, 700 series". Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
  11. ^ "ARINC Standards store, 800 series". Archived from the original on 2012-08-29. Retrieved 2010-06-10.