Anthony, Duke of Brabant
A bust of Anthony in the Château de Versailles
BornAugust 1384
Died25 October 1415(1415-10-25) (aged 31)
Agincourt
Noble familyValois-Burgundy-Brabant
Spouse(s)Jeanne of Saint-Pol
Elisabeth of Görlitz
FatherPhilip II, Duke of Burgundy
MotherMargaret III of Flanders
AR Gros or ½ Botdrager, struck in Leuven under Anthony, Duke of Brabant.
AR Gros or ½ Botdrager, struck in Leuven under Anthony, Duke of Brabant.

Anthony, Duke of Brabant, also known as Antoine de Brabant, Antoine de Bourgogne and Anthony of Burgundy (August 1384 – 25 October 1415), was Count of Rethel (1402–1406), Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1406–1415), and Co-Duke of Luxemburg (1411-1415). He was killed at the battle of Agincourt.

Biography

Anthony was the son of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, and brother of John the Fearless.[1] When his great-aunt Joanna died childless in 1406, Anthony inherited the Duchy of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg, thus becoming the first Brabantian ruler of the House of Valois.

The Duke of Brabant arrived late to the Battle of Agincourt, and in his eagerness to reach the field, he dressed in improvised armour and wore a surcoat made from a trumpeter's flag. He fought valiantly but was captured by some English archers. He was executed along with the rest of the prisoners ordered by Henry V of England, the English being unaware of his high status and ransom value.[2]

The execution was carried out as the much smaller English force found itself stretched to its limits, guarding prisoners with the battle still not won. A counterattack on the King's baggage train (guarded only by women and children) is thought to have driven King Henry to the decision, thinking he was being attacked from the rear and some chroniclers have given Brabant's belated charge as this very cause, adding to the Duke's chivalric but tragic final story (see "Agincourt", J. Barker 2005). Subsequently the executions stopped immediately when the attack was seen to falter.

Marriages and family

He married at Arras on 21 February 1402 Jeanne of Saint-Pol (d. 1407), daughter of Waleran III of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol.[3] They had two children:

He married again at Brussels, on 16 July 1409, Elisabeth of Görlitz, duchess of Luxembourg[4] (November 1390 – 8 August 1451), daughter of John, Duke of Görlitz. They had two children:

He also had two illegitimate daughters.

Ancestry

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (June 2020)

See also

References

  1. ^ Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries under Burgundian rule, 1369–1530, (University Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 30-31.
  2. ^ The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations, ed. Anne Curry, (The Boydell Press, 2000), 174.
  3. ^ Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, (The Boydell Press, 2009), 90.
  4. ^ Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, 90.
Anthony, Duke of Brabant House of Valois-Burgundy-BrabantCadet branch of the House of ValoisBorn: August 1384 Died: 25 October 1415 Regnal titles Preceded byMargaret and Philip I Count of Rethel1402–1407 Succeeded byPhilip II Preceded byJoanna Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg1406–1415 Succeeded byJohn IV Preceded byJobst Duke of Luxemburg1411–1415 With: Elisabeth I Succeeded byElisabeth I