|• Total||29.77 sq mi (77.10 km2)|
|• Land||29.67 sq mi (76.84 km2)|
|• Water||0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)|
|Elevation||1,270 ft (387 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||300.21/sq mi (115.91/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1090249|
Blanchard is a city in McClain and Grady counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 7,670 at the 2010 census, up from 2,816 at the 2000 census. Blanchard is part of a rapidly growing area of northern McClain and Grady counties known as the "Tri-City Area" with Newcastle and Tuttle.
The center of Blanchard is situated in Township 8 North, Range 4 West, Section 30 in northwestern McClain County. Named after William G. "Bill" Blanchard, the community was organized originally by the Canadian Valley Construction Company, which also planned to build a railroad. However, the company went into bankruptcy, and the railroad came under the control of the Oklahoma Central Railroad which also experienced financial problems. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway took over and completed the line.
The townsite was established by three lot sales beginning with the Canadian Valley Construction Company sale on September 19, 1906. The second sale was held on July 18, 1907, and final lots were sold on March 25, 1908, by the Blanchard Townsite Company. Within a year the town was described as having forty business establishments, including a state and a national bank, four blacksmith shops, three livery barns, two grain elevators, and a weekly newspaper.
Several incorporation dates are reported in various publications about the history of Blanchard, and the town offices as well. The most reliable source seems to be the Blanchard Record of October 25, 1907, which reported, "That Blanchard is now an incorporated town is realized by but a few of our citizens. The petition praying for incorporation was favorably acted upon at the [federal] courts at Chickasha [sic] last week. On or about November 19 notice of an election of officers will be given. In the meantime, candidates will be chosen."[a]
A population of 629 was reported by 1910, and 1,040 in 1930. The Blanchard post office charter was granted by the Post Office Department on December 19, 1906. Mail had previously been received at Womack. When Arthur H. "Art" and Bill Blanchard moved their store from Womack to the new townsite in 1906, they took the post office with them.
In 1909, the Northern District Court was established whereby McClain County was divided into two sections for legal matters for the convenience of the citizens. A courthouse was built in Blanchard, and the first case began on December 13, 1909. The district was disestablished in the late 1920s and combined with District One in Purcell, the county seat. At the turn of the 21st-century legal records could be found at Blanchard.
Blanchard is located in northwestern McClain County at(35.148830, −97.650677). The city limits extend west into Grady County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.9 square miles (85.3 km2), of which 32.8 square miles (85.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.38%, are water.
U.S. Route 62 passes through the center of town as 2nd Street, leading northeast 28 miles (45 km) to the center of Oklahoma City and southwest 18 miles (29 km) to Chickasha. Oklahoma State Highway 76 heads north out of town on Main Street, ending after 10 miles (16 km) in the northern part of Newcastle. Highway 76 leads south 23 miles (37 km) to Lindsay.
Blanchard consists of one square mile "core" of streets roughly laid out in a grid pattern, situated atop a gentle hill surrounded by newer development and agricultural areas within about a 4-mile (6 km) radius of the center. Central Blanchard, located in McClain County, consists of homes (about half built before 1960), several churches and a historic Main Street downtown area. The commercial downtown features antique shops, eating establishments, city services, senior center, and a fitness center.
On the periphery of the city center are schools, businesses, and modern housing subdivisions. These subdivisions tend to be low-density (typically one to 5-acre (20,000 m2) lots.)
While Blanchard is often described as a commuter town with much of its workforce commuting to nearby Norman and Oklahoma City, local businesses are beginning to surge. As of 2008, local amenities included a supermarket, several restaurants, a public library, banks, a large building supply center, a new hardware store, and a large car dealership.
Residents of Blanchard tend to view it as a small-town environment with character and charm, but the rapid growth in the area has brought change. To keep the town from being swallowed by urban sprawl, a large annexation was effected in 2004 to provide Blanchard with a "buffer zone". A Main Street beautification project is underway and infrastructure is being improved to handle the rise in population. In 2007, several older buildings in central Blanchard were removed to allow the widening of U.S. 62, yet the historic downtown commercial buildings were preserved.
|Climate data for Blanchard, Oklahoma|
|Average high °F (°C)||49.5
|Average low °F (°C)||27.1
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.1
|Source: Weatherbase.com |
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2816 people. The population density was 253.7 people per square mile (97.8/km2). There were 11 housing units at an average density of 105.8 per square mile (40.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.62% White, 0.32% African American, 3.23% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.53% from other races, and 4.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.41% of the population. There were 1,085 households, of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 4 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,121, and the median income for a family was $43,028. Males had a median income of $31,691 versus $23,182 for females. About 7.8% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those aged 65 or over.
Blanchard is served by four secondary schools with an average enrollment (as of 2008) of about 1,460 students. The elementary school is of recent construction and houses grades Pre-K through the second. There is also an intermediate school for third thru fifth grade and a middle school for sixth through eighth grades. Brady Barns is the Superintendent for Blanchard Public Schools.
Blanchard High School is home to "The Lions" football team (class 4A) and has won 2 football state championships 2012(class 3A), and 1979 (class A). The athletic program also includes baseball won back to back State Championships in 1979 and 1980, and recently adding 2 more state titles in 2015, and 2019 (39-0). softball won a state championship in 1984 and 2009, basketball, golf, cheerleading, powerlifting and wrestling. The school also includes a successful Marching band program.
Blanchard is served by the Blanchard Public Library, which is part of the Pioneer Library System spanning many of the suburbs of Oklahoma City.
There are currently two parks in Blanchard as well as an athletic stadium and three nearby golf courses.
Annual festivals include "May Daze" in early May. Blanchard also boasts one of the largest Veterans' Day Parades in Oklahoma around Veteran's Day. Blanchard has also built a new high school in 2011.
Residents of Blanchard and nearby Dibble are served by the weekly newspaper The Blanchard News. The radio station KKNG-FM is licensed to Blanchard by the Federal Communications Commission, although only the transmitter is located northeast of Blanchard, while the operating offices and studios are in Oklahoma City.