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Borrego Springs, California
Downtown as seen from Christmas Circle
Downtown as seen from Christmas Circle
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
Location in San Diego County and the state of California
Borrego Springs, California is located in the United States
Borrego Springs, California
Borrego Springs, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°14′50″N 116°22′19″W / 33.24722°N 116.37194°W / 33.24722; -116.37194
Country United States
State California
CountySan Diego
Area
 • Total43.41 sq mi (112.42 km2)
 • Land43.41 sq mi (112.42 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.78%
Elevation597 ft (182 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,073
 • Density70.80/sq mi (27.33/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP code
92004
Area codes442/760
FIPS code06-07596
GNIS feature IDs1652675, 2407888

Borrego Springs (borrego is Spanish for "sheep") is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Diego County, California. The population was 3,429 at the 2010 census, up from 2,535 at the 2000 census, made up of both seasonal and year-round residents. Borrego Springs is surrounded by Anza-Borrego State Park, California's largest state park.[3]

The village of Borrego Springs is recognized as a designated International Dark Sky Community by the International Dark-Sky Association (IDA).[4] Borrego Springs has no stoplights, and nighttime lighting is kept to a minimum to protect the view of the night sky.[5] Borrego Springs is about 90 miles (140 km) from downtown San Diego. The International Dark-Sky Association designated it as California's first International Dark-Sky Community.[6] It is a center for public astronomy activities throughout the year.[7]

Palm Canyon Campground amphitheater

Borrego Springs has pueblo-style, modern architecture and ranch-style house architecture. A local landmark is the traffic roundabout between the airport and downtown, Christmas Circle. The town includes a branch of the San Diego County Library.

Lutheran Church in Borrego Springs, California.
Christmas Circle.

History

Anza-Borrego State Park's name is derived from Juan Bautista de Anza, who notably camped there, and "borrego", which is Spanish for "lamb", in honor of the local herds of bighorn sheep.[8] The area east of town was the site of a vast World War II US Navy training center, the Borrego Valley Maneuver Area, with supporting camps and airstrips.[9][10]

Geography and ecology

Borrego Springs is on the floor of the Borrego Valley, which lies at the Sonoran Desert ecoregion's western edge. The village and surrounding countryside have a wide variety of desert flora and fauna. One iconic species found in the Borrego Springs area is the California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera, a lower risk/near-threatened[11] species and the only palm native to the western United States.[12] An abandoned calcite mine, dating to World War II, is on the northeast slope of the Santa Rosa Mountains in the state park.

Climate

Borrego Springs has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification: BWh). There are an average of 176.6 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and an average of only 1.4 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 122 °F (50 °C) on June 25, 1990. The record low temperature was 20 °F (−7 °C) on January 5, 1971. Average annual precipitation is 5.21 inches (132 mm) and there are an average of 22.2 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983, with 18.28 inches (464 mm), and the driest was 1953, with 1.35 inches (34 mm). The most rainfall in one month was 8.78 inches (223 mm) in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 2.73 inches (69 mm) on August 17, 1977. Although snow rarely falls in the lowlands, 6.5 inches fell in December 1967.[13]

Climate data for Borrego Springs, California 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1965–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
95
(35)
101
(38)
111
(44)
114
(46)
122
(50)
121
(49)
120
(49)
117
(47)
113
(45)
98
(37)
89
(32)
122
(50)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 80.2
(26.8)
83.3
(28.5)
91.7
(33.2)
100.5
(38.1)
105.8
(41.0)
113.5
(45.3)
116.5
(46.9)
115.1
(46.2)
110.6
(43.7)
102.1
(38.9)
89.8
(32.1)
79.1
(26.2)
117.6
(47.6)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 69.7
(20.9)
72.3
(22.4)
79.0
(26.1)
85.3
(29.6)
93.2
(34.0)
102.9
(39.4)
107.4
(41.9)
106.8
(41.6)
101.1
(38.4)
90.2
(32.3)
77.9
(25.5)
68.5
(20.3)
87.9
(31.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 57.6
(14.2)
59.8
(15.4)
65.3
(18.5)
70.5
(21.4)
77.7
(25.4)
86.2
(30.1)
92.3
(33.5)
92.1
(33.4)
86.4
(30.2)
76.0
(24.4)
64.9
(18.3)
56.8
(13.8)
73.8
(23.2)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 45.5
(7.5)
47.4
(8.6)
51.7
(10.9)
55.7
(13.2)
62.2
(16.8)
69.5
(20.8)
77.1
(25.1)
77.5
(25.3)
71.7
(22.1)
61.8
(16.6)
51.9
(11.1)
45.0
(7.2)
59.8
(15.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 34.4
(1.3)
36.8
(2.7)
39.6
(4.2)
44.4
(6.9)
49.5
(9.7)
56.6
(13.7)
67.0
(19.4)
66.3
(19.1)
58.9
(14.9)
50.2
(10.1)
40.2
(4.6)
34.4
(1.3)
31.7
(−0.2)
Record low °F (°C) 20
(−7)
24
(−4)
28
(−2)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
45
(7)
56
(13)
55
(13)
49
(9)
33
(1)
31
(−1)
23
(−5)
20
(−7)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.16
(29)
1.24
(31)
0.62
(16)
0.18
(4.6)
0.05
(1.3)
0.01
(0.25)
0.25
(6.4)
0.32
(8.1)
0.15
(3.8)
0.20
(5.1)
0.22
(5.6)
0.81
(21)
5.21
(132.15)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.0 4.1 3.1 1.4 0.7 0.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.7 1.4 3.4 22.2
Source: NOAA[14][15]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19902,244
20002,53513.0%
20103,42935.3%
20203,073−10.4%
source:[16][17]

2010

The 2010 United States Census[18] reported that Borrego Springs had a population of 3,429. The population density was 79.0 inhabitants per square mile (30.5/km2). The racial makeup of Borrego Springs was 2,766 (80.7%) White, 20 (0.6%) African American, 34 (1.0%) Native American, 22 (0.6%) Asian, 5 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 500 (14.6%) from other races, and 82 (2.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,218 persons (35.5%).

The Census reported that 3,429 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,571 households, out of which 283 (18.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 828 (52.7%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 82 (5.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 57 (3.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 85 (5.4%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 13 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 507 households (32.3%) were made up of individuals, and 262 (16.7%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18. There were 967 families (61.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.76.

The population was spread out, with 592 people (17.3%) under the age of 18, 165 people (4.8%) aged 18 to 24, 477 people (13.9%) aged 25 to 44, 1,044 people (30.4%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,151 people (33.6%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.

There were 2,611 housing units at an average density of 60.1 per square mile (23.2/km2), of which 1,235 (78.6%) were owner-occupied, and 336 (21.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 8.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 12.1%. 2,593 people (75.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 836 people (24.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 2,535 people, 1,153 households, and 727 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 59.6 inhabitants per square mile (23.0/km2). There were 2,280 housing units at an average density of 53.6 per square mile (20.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 82.8% White, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 13.1% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 32.4% of the population.

There were 1,153 households, out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the CDP the population was spread out, with 18.4% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 29.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $37,045, and the median income for a family was $40,262. Males had a median income of $27,604 versus $26,023 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $22,761. About 8.0% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.

Tourism

Tourism is Borrego Springs's primary industry. The nation's largest desert state park, 600,000-acre Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, surrounds the town.[20][21] There are four public golf courses, a tennis center, and horseback riding, and it is a destination for snowbirds.[22]

Air transportation

Main article: Borrego Valley Airport

From the 1960s through the 1990s, Borrego Springs Airlines and its subsequent iterations provided commercial airline service to and from the local airfield.[23]

Attractions

Members of the International Aerobatic Club have established a practice and competition area adjacent to and directly north of the Borrego Valley Airport. The area was first designated in 1976 and has an operational waiver approved by the Federal Aviation Administration. Aerobatic pilots from California and the southwest U.S. regularly use the airspace for practice and major competitive events; users have included three past national champions. Visitors are welcome to come to the airport and watch the flight activity, which does not interfere with other airport operations. The San Diego Aerobatic Club sponsors two annual competition events,[24] in April and October.

More than 130 large metal statues of animals by sculptor Ricardo Breceda can be found in Galleta Meadows Estate.[25][26]

Government

In the California State Legislature, Borrego Springs is in the 32nd Senate District, represented by Republican Kelly Seyarto, and in the 75th Assembly District, represented by Republican Marie Waldron.[27]

In the United States House of Representatives, Borrego Springs is in California's 48th congressional district, represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[28]

In popular culture

The community and surrounding valley are significant sites in some of Dean Koontz's Jane Hawk novels. The town is the setting for a course on the virtual cycling platform RGT (Road Grand Tours)). In the 2015 film Thane of East County, the desert scenes were filmed near Borrego Springs.[29] In the 2022 movie Borrego, the protagonist and her captor trek through the desert searching for Borrego Springs. In the 2022 film Everything Everywhere All at Once, the rock scene was filmed in Anza Borrego Desert State Park, at Font's Point.[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2021.
  2. ^ "Borrego Springs". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved October 12, 2014.
  3. ^ Jones, J. Harry (November 24, 2018). "Defeat of water bond measure bodes disaster for the desert community of Borrego Springs". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  4. ^ "International Dark Sky Communities". www.darksky.org. International Dark-Sky Association. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  5. ^ "Borrego Springs, California (U.S.)". International Dark-Sky Association. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  6. ^ Anza Borrego Foundation. "The Dark Sky of Borrego Springs". Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  7. ^ Dark Sky Coalition. "Welcome to the Borrego Dark Sky Coalition". Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  8. ^ David W. Kean, Wide Places in the California Roads: The encyclopedia of California's small towns and the roads that lead to them (Volume 1 of 4: Southern California Counties), p. 27
  9. ^ militarymuseum.org Borrego Valley Maneuver Area
  10. ^ "Borrego militarypoisons.org, Springs Naval Maneuver Area". Retrieved Apr 19, 2021.
  11. ^ IUCN Red List entry for Washingtonia filifera, retrieved October 5, 2009.
  12. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009. California Fan Palm: Washingtonia filifera, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg Archived September 30, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "BORREGO DESERT PARK, CALIFORNIA - Climate Summary". www.wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved Apr 19, 2021.
  14. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". NOAA. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  15. ^ "U.S. Climate Normals Quick Access – Station: Borrego Desert Park, CA". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  16. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
  17. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
  18. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Borrego Springs CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ Jones, J. Harry (2019-07-14). "Borrego Springs has worked hard to make its night skies dark". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  21. ^ California Department of Parks and Recreation. "Anza-Borrego Desert State Park". ca.gov. California State Parks. Retrieved March 26, 2017.
  22. ^ Jones, J. Harry (February 11, 2019). "Flowergeddon 2? Borrego Springs braces for another 'super bloom'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  23. ^ "Sun Aire Lines - Borrego Springs Airline". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved October 16, 2023.
  24. ^ http://www.iac36.org | San Diego Aerobatic Club
  25. ^ "Ricardo Breceda Sculptures". www.visitcalifornia.com. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  26. ^ "Metal Sculptures of Borrego Springs, CA - Ricardo Breceda - Page 1 - DesertUSA". www.desertusa.com.
  27. ^ "Final Maps". 2020 California Citizens Redistricting Commission. Retrieved January 12, 2023.
  28. ^ "California's 48th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  29. ^ Coddon, David L. (2014-08-20). "San Diego filmmakers mine 'Macbeth' for 'Thane of East County'". San Diego CityBeat. Archived from the original on 2014-09-09. Retrieved 2022-01-10.
  30. ^ "Advanced search". IMDb.