Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeño Indians
Total population
Regions with significant populations
United States (California)
English, Cahuilla language[2]
traditional tribal religion
Christianity (Roman Catholicism)[3]
Related ethnic groups
other Cahuilla and Cupeño tribes

Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeño Indians of the Los Coyotes Reservation is a federally recognized tribe of Cahuilla and Cupeño Indians, who were Mission Indians located in California.[4]


Location of Los Coyotes Reservation

Los Coyotes Reservation (33°17′52″N 116°33′22″W / 33.29778°N 116.55611°W / 33.29778; -116.55611) is located in northeastern San Diego County.[4] Of 400 enrolled tribal members, about 150 live on the reservation.[1] It was founded in 1889.[3]

Their reservation is the largest in San Diego County. An 80-mile (130 km) drive from San Diego, the land is located between Anza-Borrego Desert State Park and the Cleveland National Forest.[1] Hot Springs Mountain is located within the boundaries of the reservation with an elevation of 6,533 ft. Campgrounds are open to the public for a nominal entry fee.


Los Coyotes Band of Cahuilla and Cupeño Indians is headquartered in Warner Springs, California. It is governed by a democratically elected tribal council. Its current tribal spokesperson is Ray Chapparosa.[5]


The Cahuilla and Cupeño languages are closely related and are part of the Takic language family. The Cupeño and Cahuilla languages are endangered. Alvino Siva, an enrolled tribal member and a fluent Cahuilla language speaker, died on June 26, 2009. He preserved the tribe's traditional bird songs, sung in the Cahuilla language, by teaching them to younger generations of Cahuilla people.[6]

Notable tribal members


  1. ^ a b c "Los Coyotes Indian Reservation." Kuumeyaay Information Village. (retrieved 17 May 2010)
  2. ^ Eargle, 111
  3. ^ a b Pritzker, 120
  4. ^ a b California Indians and Their Reservations. Archived 2010-01-10 at the Wayback Machine San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2010 (retrieved 17 May 2010)
  5. ^ "Tribal Governments by Area." Archived 2010-05-05 at the Wayback Machine National Congress of American Indians. (retrieved 12 May 2010)
  6. ^ Waldner, Erin. "Cahuilla elder, one of last fluent in language, dies." Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine The Press-Enterprise. 9 July 2009 (retrieved 17 May 2010)


Further reading