CME Group Inc.
Company typePublic
IndustryFinancial Services
Founded1898; 126 years ago (1898)
HeadquartersChicago, Illinois, United States
Key people
Terrence A. Duffy
(Chairman & CEO)
Lynne Fitzpatrick
RevenueIncrease US$5.02 billion (2022)
Increase US$3.02 billion (2022)
Increase US$2.69 billion (2022)
Total assetsDecrease US$174.2 billion (2022)
Total equityDecrease US$26.88 billion (2022)
Number of employees
c. 3,460 (December 2022)
Footnotes / references
President George W. Bush at the CME on March 6, 2001

CME Group Inc. is a financial services company. Headquartered in Chicago, the company operates financial derivatives exchanges including the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Chicago Board of Trade, New York Mercantile Exchange, and The Commodity Exchange. The company also owns 27% of S&P Dow Jones Indices.[2][3][4][5] It is the world's largest operator of financial derivatives exchanges. Its exchanges are platforms for trading in agricultural products, currencies, energy, interest rates, metals, futures contracts, options, stock indexes, and cryptocurrencies futures.

In addition to its headquarters in Chicago,[6][7] the company also has offices in New York, Washington, and Houston in the U.S., as well as abroad in London, Bangalore, Beijing, Belfast, Calgary, Hong Kong, Seoul, Singapore, and Tokyo.[8]


CME Group's origins began with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME), which was founded in 1898 as a nonprofit corporation.[2] In 1919, it established its clearing house.[2] In 2000, CME demutualized.[2] In 2002, CME became a public company via an initial public offering.[2]

On July 12, 2007, CME completed a merger with its historical rival the Chicago Board of Trade in an $8 billion deal that created the world's largest financial market.[9][10][11] The overarching holding company then launched as CME Group.[12][13]

In 2012, Phupinder Gill, then CME Group's president and COO, became the company's CEO.

In November 2016, Gill retired from his role and Terrence A. Duffy, then executive chairman and president of the company, took on an expanded role as its CEO.[14]

In 2021, the firm struck a partnership with Google to build its cloud strategy, which saw the tech giant investing $1 billion in CME Group.[15]

In 2022, CME Group futures and options reached a record average daily volume of 23.3 million contracts.[16]

Mergers and acquisitions

On August 22, 2008, CME Group acquired New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), owner of both the NYMEX exchange and the Commodity Exchange (COMEX), for $8.9 billion in cash and CME Group stock.[17][18][19][20][21]

On February 10, 2010, CME Group agreed to purchase 90% of Dow Jones & Co.'s financial-indexes business, including the Dow Jones Industrial Average.[22][23] CME Group subsequently contributed Dow Jones Indexes to the formation of S&P Dow Jones Indices in exchange for a 24.4% ownership interest.[24][25] In April 2013, CME Group purchased the remaining 10% interest in Dow Jones Indexes for $80.0 million. As a result, CME Group's interest in S&P Dow Jones Indices increased from 24.4% to 27.0%.[26]

On December 3, 2012, CME Group acquired the Kansas City Board of Trade, the dominant venue for the sale of hard red winter wheat, for $126 million in cash.[27][28]

On March 15, 2016, the firm announced the sale of its suburban Chicago data center in Aurora, IL to CyrusOne for $130 million, in a leaseback transaction.[29]

On November 2, 2018, CME Group acquired the London-based NEX Group for $5.5 billion.[30][31]


CME Group operates a global derivatives marketplace that allows institutions and individuals to trade futures and options based on interest rates, equity indexes, foreign exchange, energy, metals, and agricultural commodities.[32][6][7] The company runs an electronic trading platform, CME Globex, which allows customers in approximately 150 countries to trade futures and options contracts.[33][34][35]

The company also operates two cash market businesses: BrokerTec, which facilitates dealer-to-dealer trading for fixed-income markets,[36][37] and EBS, which provides foreign exchange spot trading.[38]

In addition, CME Group operates CME Clearing, which serves as a counterparty to every cleared transaction, including both listed and OTC derivatives, within the company's marketplace. CME Group is a member of CCP Global, a trade group of central counterparty clearinghouses from around the globe.[39][40]

Board governance

CME Group's history as a member-owned exchange and acquisition of rivals have led to an unconventionally large board size for a publicly traded company. In 2018, six of its 20 sitting board directors were elected by holders of Class B shares, representing owners of exchange seats, as opposed to that of publicly traded Class A shares. In comparison, the average company in the S&P 500 had no more than 11 board directors.[41]

On August 23, 2018, the company offered holders of Class B shares about $10 million to relinquish control of their six board seats.[42] The move was subsequently rejected.

Notable events

2010 flash crash

CME Group was at the center of the 2010 flash crash, which took place on May 6, 2010. According to a Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) 2014 report, a significant cause of the event was the use of spoofing algorithms by Navinder Singh Sarao, a British financial trader; just prior to the flash crash, he placed orders for thousands of E-mini S&P 500 stock index futures contracts — which traded on CME Group's Globex platform — and later replaced or modified those orders at least 19,000 times before they were cancelled.[43][44] The event led to the modern day implementation of coordinated cross-market circuit breakers, as the CME's Globex platform halted trading in an automated response to the activity, while the New York Stock Exchange did not.[45][46]

Awards and honors

See also


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  2. ^ a b c d e f "US SEC: Form 10-K CME Group Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 27, 2023.
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  7. ^ a b "CME Group Inc. CI A". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved September 11, 2022.
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  40. ^ "Derivatives Clearing 2014" (PDF). FIA Europe. 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2022. In derivatives markets we now see fragmentation of clearing across the likes of CME Clearing, ICE Clear, LCH.Clearnet and Eurex, not to mention the Asian clearing houses, for both OTC and exchange centrally cleared products.
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