Carbondale, Pennsylvania
City
Carbondale City Hall and Courthouse
Nickname(s): 
The Pioneer City
Location of Carbondale in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Carbondale in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania.
Carbondale is located in Pennsylvania
Carbondale
Carbondale
Location of Carbondale in Pennsylvania
Carbondale is located in the United States
Carbondale
Carbondale
Carbondale (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°34′N 75°30′W / 41.567°N 75.500°W / 41.567; -75.500Coordinates: 41°34′N 75°30′W / 41.567°N 75.500°W / 41.567; -75.500
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLackawanna
Established1824
Government
 • MayorJustin Taylor[1] (D)
Area
 • Total3.24 sq mi (8.40 km2)
 • Land3.24 sq mi (8.40 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,043 ft (318 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,828
 • Density2,758.8/sq mi (1,063.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
18407
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-11232
GNIS feature ID1215315[3]

Carbondale is a city in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, United States.[4] Carbondale is located approximately 15 miles due northeast of the city of Scranton in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The population was 8,828 at the 2020 census.[5]

The land area that became Carbondale was developed by William and Maurice Wurts, the founders of the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, during the rise of the anthracite coal mining industry[4] in the early 19th century. It was also a major terminal of the Delaware and Hudson Railroad. Carbondale was the site of the first deep vein anthracite coal mine[6] in the United States, and was the site of the Carbondale mine fire which burned from 1946 to the early 1970s.

Like many other cities and towns in the region, Carbondale has struggled with the demise of the once-prominent coal mining industry that had once made the region a haven for immigrants seeking work so many decades ago. Immigrants from Wales, England, Scotland, Ireland, Italy and from throughout continental Europe came to Carbondale in the course of the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries to work in the anthracite and railroading industries.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, Carbondale has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,398
18504,945106.2%
18605,0902.9%
18706,39325.6%
18807,71420.7%
189010,83340.4%
190013,53625.0%
191017,04025.9%
192018,6409.4%
193020,0617.6%
194019,371−3.4%
195016,296−15.9%
196013,595−16.6%
197012,478−8.2%
198011,255−9.8%
199010,664−5.3%
20009,804−8.1%
20108,891−9.3%
20208,828−0.7%
[7][8][9]

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,828 people and 3,905 households residing in the city. The population density was 2,758.8 people per square mile (1,063.6/km2). There were 4,214 housing units at an average density of 1,317 per square mile (507.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.8% White, 2.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 3.0% from other races, and 6.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.2% of the population.

There were 3,905 households, out of which 19.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 19.2% had a male householder with no spouse present, 38.4% had a female householder with no spouse present. The average family size was 2.65.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 19.3% under the age of 18, 57% from 18 to 64, and 23.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44.2 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,618, and the median income for a family was $55,043. About 24.8% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 46.7% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.[5]

History

The Carbondale Historical Society and Museum records and maintains the city's history. The Carbondale City Hall and Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.[10] The Delaware and Hudson Canal Gravity Railroad Shops have been demolished, but were once listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10]

The Carbondale mine fire began in Carbondale in 1946.[11]

Notable "firsts"

Notable people

Transportation

Highway

U.S. Business Route 6 runs down Main Street, Carbondale, as the main highway through the city. Recently completed after years of highly visible construction, the four-lane Robert P. Casey Memorial Highway U.S. Route 6 runs from Interstate 81 near Scranton north past Carbondale with interchanges outside, but close to, the city limits.

Rail

As the city responsible for the importation of America's first steam locomotive, the Stourbridge Lion in 1829, Carbondale was once a main terminus of the Delaware and Hudson Railway. It was also served by the Erie Railroad and the New York, Ontario and Western Railway.

Today Carbondale is served by the Pennsylvania Northeast Regional Railroad Authority and its designated-operator Delaware-Lackawanna Railroad on a single remaining D&H mainline track running to Scranton, now called the Carbondale Mainline.

Steamtown National Historic Site on occasion provides excursion trains originating from the Scranton Yard to the Carbondale Station for special events.[15]

Bus

Carbondale is served by the County of Lackawanna Transit System (COLTS).

Local transportation

Carbondale is served by the #52 and #82 lines, run by COLTS bus.

Media

WCDL-AM 1440 has served the area since 1950. Co-owned WTRW broadcasts on 94.5 FM.

In popular culture

See also

References

  1. ^ Robert Golomb; The Published Reporter, Democratic Mayor Justin Taylor: Why Many Pennsylvanians Now Say “The Road To The White House Runs Through Carbondale”
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Carbondale, Pennsylvania
  4. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Carbondale" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  6. ^ Tablet Marking The Site of The First Underground Coal Mine in Carbondale
  7. ^ "1940 Census – Census of Population and Housing – U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-03-27. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  8. ^ "1960 Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  9. ^ "1990 Census of Population and Housing Unit Counts United States" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-09-03.
  10. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ Ann G. Kim; Thomas R. Justin; John F. Miller, Mine Fire Diagnostics Applied to the Carbondale, PA Mine Fire Site (PDF), retrieved June 1, 2014
  12. ^ The Sunday Times, 6 March 2011, "Scranton's Green Party," Page P3, Scranton
  13. ^ Hollister, Horace (1885). History of the Lackawanna Valley. Lippincott. p. 488.
  14. ^ National news media
  15. ^ "Carbondale-Line Excursions".
  16. ^ "New 'Blue Valentine' movie has local ties".