|Coordinates: 40°24′13″N 79°52′7″W / 40.40361°N 79.86861°WCoordinates: 40°24′13″N 79°52′7″W / 40.40361°N 79.86861°W|
|Incorporated||June 8, 1867|
|• Mayor||Delia Lennon-Winstead|
|• Total||0.66 sq mi (1.71 km2)|
|• Land||0.56 sq mi (1.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)|
|Elevation||764 ft (233 m)|
|• Density||3,056.84/sq mi (1,179.85/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|School District||Woodland Hills|
Braddock is a borough located in the eastern suburbs of Pittsburgh in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, 10 miles (16 km) upstream from the mouth of the Monongahela River. The population was 1,721 as of the 2020 census, a 91.8% decline since its peak of 20,879 in 1920.
Braddock is named for General Edward Braddock (1695–1755), commander of American colonial forces at the start of the French and Indian War. The Braddock Expedition to capture Fort Duquesne (modern day Pittsburgh) from the French led to the British general's own fatal wounding and a sound defeat of his troops after crossing the Monongahela River on July 9, 1755. This battle, now called the Battle of the Monongahela, was a key event at the beginning of the French and Indian War.
The area surrounding Braddock's Field was originally inhabited by the Lenape, ruled by Queen Alliquippa.[dead link] In 1742, John Fraser and his family established the area at the mouth of Turtle Creek as the first permanent English settlement west of the Allegheny Mountains.[dead link] George Washington visited the area in 1753-1754. It was the site of Braddock's Defeat on July 9, 1755.
Braddock's first industrial facility, a barrel plant, opened in 1850.[dead link] The borough was incorporated on June 8, 1867. The town's industrial economy began in 1873, when Andrew Carnegie built the Edgar Thomson Steel Works on the historic site of Braddock's Field in what is now North Braddock, Pennsylvania. This was one of the first American steel mills which used the Bessemer process. As of 2010, it continues operation as a part of the United States Steel Corporation. This era of the town's history is depicted in Thomas Bell's novel Out of This Furnace.
Braddock is also the location of the first of Andrew Carnegie's 1,679 (some sources list 1,689) public libraries in the US, designed by William Halsey Wood of Newark, New Jersey, and dedicated on March 30, 1889. The Braddock Library included a tunnel entrance for Carnegie's millworkers to enter a bathhouse in the basement to clean up before entering the facilities (which originally included billiard tables). An addition in 1893, by Longfellow, Alden and Harlow (Boston & Pittsburgh, successors to Henry Hobson Richardson), added a swimming pool, indoor basketball court, and 964-seat music hall that included a Votey pipe organ. The building was rescued from demolition in 1978 by the Braddock's Field Historical Society, and is still in use as a public library. The bathhouse has recently been converted to a pottery studio; the music hall is currently under restoration.
During the early 1900s many immigrants settled in Braddock, primarily from Croatia, Slovenia, and Hungary.
Braddock lost its importance with the collapse of the steel industry in the United States in the 1970s and 1980s. This coincided with the crack cocaine epidemic of the early 1980s, and the combination of the two woes nearly destroyed the community. In 1988, Braddock was designated a financially distressed municipality. The entire water distribution system was rebuilt in 1990-1991 at a cost of $4.7 million, resulting in a fine system where only 5% of piped water is deemed "unaccounted-for". From its peak in the 1920s, Braddock has since lost 90% of its population.[dead link]
John Fetterman, mayor of Braddock from 2006 until his 2019 inauguration as Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, launched a campaign to attract new residents to the area from the artistic and creative communities.[dead link] He also initiated various revitalization efforts, including the nonprofit organization Braddock Redux. Fetterman appeared in various media to discuss his vision of Braddock's needs, including PBS, The Colbert Report on Comedy Central, CNN, Fox News, CNBC, and The New York Times. In the UK, The Guardian and the BBC have reported on him. He has also had his own episode on Hulu's original series A Day in the Life. John Fetterman has went on to become one of the two United States Senators from Pennsylvania after a tough election in the 2022 midterms.
Since 1974, Braddock resident Tony Buba has made many films. One of his earlier films is Justice League centering on the borough and its industrial decline, including Struggles in Steel. In September 2010, the IFC and Sundance television channels showed the film Ready to Work: Portraits of Braddock, produced by the Levi Strauss corporation. This film interviews many of the local residents and shows their efforts to revitalize the town.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of which is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (13.85%) of which is water. Its average elevation is 764 ft (233 m) above sea level.
Braddock has two land borders, with North Braddock from the north to the southeast, and Rankin to the northwest. Across the Monongahela River to the south, Braddock is adjacent to Whitaker and West Mifflin.
|Race / Ethnicity||Pop 2010||Pop 2020||% 2010||% 2020|
|White alone (NH)||489||317||22.65%||18.42%|
|Black or African American alone (NH)||1,555||1,219||72.02%||70.83%|
|Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)||14||5||0.65%||0.29%|
|Asian alone (NH)||3||7||0.14%||0.41%|
|Pacific Islander alone (NH)||4||1||0.19%||0.06%|
|Some Other Race alone (NH)||5||13||0.23%||0.76%|
|Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)||49||117||2.27%||6.80%|
|Hispanic or Latino (any race)||40||42||1.85%||2.44%|
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
According to the American Community Survey in 2020, Braddock has an employment rate of 34.2%, a median household income of $23,050, 3.7% of the population has no health care coverage, with 10.7% of the population possessing a Bachelor's degree or higher.
|2020||9% 82||89% 784||0.6% 6|
|2016||9% 82||89% 822||2% 18|
|2012||7% 66||93% 933||1% 4|
The borough is represented by the Pennsylvania State Senate's 45th district, the Pennsylvania House of Representatives' 34th district, and Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Woodland Hills School District is the local school district.
'Space is cheap here,' said Mr. Gustafson, 30. 'We can afford to focus on our hobbies.' He is a graphic designer; she is a photographer.