Jefferson Hills, Pennsylvania
Jefferson Hills War Memorial
Jefferson Hills War Memorial
Location in Allegheny County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Allegheny County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 40°17′28″N 79°55′55″W / 40.29111°N 79.93194°W / 40.29111; -79.93194Coordinates: 40°17′28″N 79°55′55″W / 40.29111°N 79.93194°W / 40.29111; -79.93194
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyAllegheny County
Post officePittsburgh
President of CouncilKeith Polick
Government
 • MayorCarrie McCaffrey
Area
 • Total16.71 sq mi (43.28 km2)
 • Land16.55 sq mi (42.85 km2)
 • Water0.17 sq mi (0.43 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,619
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
11,101
 • Density670.96/sq mi (259.06/km2)
Time zoneUTC-4 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (EDT)
Area code(s)412
School DistrictWest Jefferson Hills
Websitewww.jeffersonhillsboro.org

Jefferson Hills is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. It includes the community of Large. In the 2010 census the population was 10,619.[3] Jefferson Hills was created as Jefferson Township, incorporating on January 22, 1828, and named after Thomas Jefferson. The borough is a part of West Jefferson Hills School District. Before 1998, the borough was known as Jefferson.[4]

Government

Jefferson Hills Municipal Center
Jefferson Hills Municipal Center

Structure

Jefferson Hills is a borough, run by an elected seven-member council and mayor. The administrative staff run by the borough manager runs the borough to the objectives set by the council.

Local officials

Council President · Keith Polick Council Vice President · David Montgomery Council Members · Nicole Ruscitto · Keith Reynolds · Hilary Budd · Karen Bucy · Melissa Steffey Mayor . Carrie McCaffrey

State and federal officials

Jefferson Hills is represented by Pat Toomey and Bob Casey, Jr. in the United States Senate and Mike Doyle of the 18th District of Pennsylvania in the House of Representatives.[5] The borough's representative in the Pennsylvania State Senate is Devlin Robinson of the 37th District and Mike Puskaric of the 39th Legislative District in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. The District Court judge for Jefferson Hills is Michael Thatcher.[6]

Safety

Jefferson Hills police department is in the Municipal Center. It has 18 officers and several community service staff. The police take part in programs such as Drug Abuse Resistance Education) in the West Jefferson Hills School District. The force belongs to TUPPER, in which police from nine nearby communities collaborate, sharing regional criminal information. It also takes part in the Pennsylvania Attorney General's Regional Narcotic Task Force and the South Hills DUI task force.

The borough has emergency management and volunteer firefighters. There are three volunteer fire companies - Floreffe Volunteer Fire Company, Gill Hall Volunteer Fire Company and Jefferson 885 Fire Company.[7]

Crime

Crime in Jefferson Hills is well below state and national averages. The rates for 2005, based per 100,000 people:

2005 Crime Rate Statistics
Location Violent Crime Property Crime
Jefferson Hills[8] 83 784
Pennsylvania[9] 425 2,417
United States[10] 469 3,420

Politics

Presidential Elections Results[11][12][13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 58% 4,344 40% 2,981 0.8% 64
2016 61% 3,737 37% 2,264 2% 173
2012 59% 3,272 40% 2,229 1% 49

Geography

Jefferson Hills is at 40°17′8″N 79°55′59″W / 40.28556°N 79.93306°W / 40.28556; -79.93306 (40.285502, −79.933160).[14]

The United States Census Bureau says the borough is 16.6 square miles (43 km2), of which 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2), or 0.24%, is water.

The borough includes rolling hills and woods. The southeastern border is the Monongahela River.[15] Three streams flow through the borough: Peters Creek, Beam Run, and Lewis Run.[16]

The borough consists primarily of single family homes of newer construction.

Surrounding municipalities

Jefferson Hills has six land borders with Pleasant Hills and West Mifflin to the north, Clairton to the east, West Elizabeth to the southeast, Union Township in Washington County to the south, and South Park Township to the west. Across the Monongahela River, Jefferson Hills runs adjacent with Elizabeth Township, Elizabeth Borough and Forward Township.

Climate

Climate data for Allegheny County Airport, ~5 mi (8.0 km) to the north-northeast
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 35.8
(2.1)
39.3
(4.1)
49.0
(9.4)
61.6
(16.4)
70.6
(21.4)
78.6
(25.9)
82.4
(28.0)
81.1
(27.3)
73.6
(23.1)
62.6
(17.0)
50.8
(10.4)
39.5
(4.2)
60.5
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C) 21.8
(−5.7)
24.0
(−4.4)
31.0
(−0.6)
41.6
(5.3)
50.7
(10.4)
59.3
(15.2)
63.3
(17.4)
62.5
(16.9)
55.4
(13.0)
44.0
(6.7)
35.7
(2.1)
26.4
(−3.1)
43.1
(6.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.73
(69)
2.68
(68)
3.10
(79)
3.15
(80)
4.17
(106)
4.04
(103)
3.77
(96)
3.51
(89)
3.35
(85)
2.52
(64)
3.35
(85)
2.92
(74)
39.29
(998)
Source: NOAA[17]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19304,138
19405,58535.0%
19505,534−0.9%
19608,28049.6%
19708,5122.8%
19808,6431.5%
19909,53310.3%
20009,6661.4%
201010,6199.9%
2019 (est.)11,101[2]4.5%
Sources:[18][19][20][21][22][23]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 9,666 people, 3,781 households, and 2,688 families residing in the borough. The population density was 583.5 people per square mile (225.2/km²). There were 3,954 housing units at an average density of 238.7 per square mile (92.1/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.76% White, 1.31% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.09% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 3,781 households, out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 24.0% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The borough is overwhelmingly Middle Class. The median income for a household in the borough was $50,615, and the median income for a family was $60,767. Males had a median income of $43,972 versus $36,052 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,006. About 2.7% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.

History

The Oak Noggin Bed & Breakfast
The Oak Noggin Bed & Breakfast

The total area of the borough of Jefferson is 16.8 square miles or 10,752 acres. Its history dates back to January 22, 1828 when it was created as a township from the old Township of Mifflin. At that time, the community was called "Jefferson Township" in honor of Thomas Jefferson.

In 1845, Snowden Township was formed from a part of Jefferson Township. Population of the township in 1860 was 1,601 persons, in 1870 it was 2,066 persons, and it reached a total population of 3,227 persons in 1880 (about equal to the population of 1930). Jefferson Township became a First Class Township in 1914, and in 1950 Jefferson was chartered as a borough. The borough of Pleasant Hills seceded from Jefferson Township in 1947 and by so doing, drastically reduced the population and urbanized area of the township.

Jefferson Hills is located along the southern border of Allegheny County and is primarily residential in nature, with approximately one-third of its area presently being used for residential purposes. The residential use is primarily single-family dwellings with slightly over one percent being multiple-family units. Another third of the borough exists in the form of open space and or vacant ground, with the balance being made up of industrial, commercial, mining, and farming land uses.

The major portion of Jefferson Hills drains into two watersheds, the Peters Creek watershed, which ultimately drains into the Monongahela River at Clairton, and the Calamity Hollow and West Elizabeth watershed, which drains to the Monongahela River in the vicinity of West Elizabeth.

Present development has occurred almost exclusively in the flat upland areas. These developments are scattered and separated by large open tracts and or hills and valleys.[24]

The area was the geographic base of the Peters Creek Rangers during the Revolutionary War.[25]

Recreation

Andrew Reilly Memorial Park
Andrew Reilly Memorial Park

Municipal parks

The municipality operates five parks including Gill Hall Park, Andrew Reilly Memorial Park, Lobb's Park, Beedle Park, and Tepe Park spread throughout the community. These parks offer a variety of amenities from various sports fields, tennis and basketball courts, and playground equipment. Additionally, the borough has several pavilions and the Gill Hall Community Center available to rent to borough residents.

Great Allegheny Passage

Main article: Great Allegheny Passage

The Great Allegheny Passage is a system of biking and hiking trails spanning 150 miles (240 km).[26] These trails run from Cumberland, Maryland to Pittsburgh.[26] In 2006, the Great Allegheny Passage connected with the C & O Canal Trail to create a 318-mile-long (512 km) journey from Pittsburgh to Washington, D.C.[26] This effort was coordinated by the Allegheny Trail Alliance, an organization of the seven-member trails stretching from Pennsylvania to Maryland.

Jefferson Hills Trailhead
Jefferson Hills Trailhead

Jefferson Hills is uniquely positioned with two members of that Alliance, the Montour Trail and Steel Valley Trail system, intersecting in nearby Clairton. Local trailheads include Triphammer Road, Jefferson Hills (Gill Hall Road), Route 51 - Large, and Clairton trailheads.

Montour Trail

The Montour Trail is a multipurpose trail extending 40 miles (60 km) from Coraopolis to Clairton.[27] The trail is made of crushed limestone, making it ideal for biking, walking, and cross-country skiing in the winter.[27] The Montour Trail also connects with the Panhandle Trail, a trail of 29 miles (47 km) trail between Carnegie, Pennsylvania and Weirton, West Virginia.[28]

Steel Valley Trail

The Steel Valley Trail runs 14 miles (23 km) from Clairton through McKeesport to West Homestead.[29] The Mckessport-West Homestead section is part of the GAP trail which connects Washington, D.C. to Pittsburgh solely on bike trails.[30] At the Clairton Trailhead 40°18′19.44″N 79°52′59.14″W / 40.3054000°N 79.8830944°W / 40.3054000; -79.8830944 it connects to the Montour Trail which is a 40 miles (64 km) loop south of Pittsburgh.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Main article: Transportation in Pittsburgh

Major roads

Two major roads run through Jefferson Hills, PA Route 51 and PA Route 43. Route 51 runs from Uniontown to the Pennsylvania/Ohio border. In Jefferson Hills Route 51 serves as the terminus for Route 43, otherwise known as the Mon–Fayette Expressway. Route 43 is a toll road and part of the Pennsylvania Turnpike system.[31]

Public transportation

The Port Authority of Allegheny County offers bus services in and around Jefferson Hills. There are several buses that directly pass through the borough, including:[32]

Jefferson Hills Bus Routes
Route Number Route Map Schedule Route description
Y46 - Elizabeth Route Map Schedule Daily radial route via South Busway and Pennsylvania Route 51.
Y1 – Large Flyer Route Map Schedule Monday-Friday peak-direction express route via South Busway and Pennsylvania Route 51.
55 – Jefferson Route Map Schedule Daily feeder route with connections in West Mifflin and McKeesport.

Airports

Jefferson Hills is located 45 minutes to the southeast of Pittsburgh International Airport, which handles most air travel in the Pittsburgh metro area. Additionally, the borough is a short drive away from the Allegheny County Airport, located in the neighboring South Hills community of West Mifflin. The Allegheny County Airport serves as the primary FAA-designated reliever airport for Pittsburgh International Airport. In this role the airport supports a high volume of business and corporate-related activity.[33]

Utilities

Electricity generation in Jefferson Hills is supplied by both Allegheny Power and Duquesne Light. Natural gas service for the borough is supplied by Equitable Gas Company. Republic Services handles the trash removal and recycling for Jefferson Hills.

Healthcare

Jefferson Hospital
Jefferson Hospital

Jefferson Hills is home to AHN Jefferson Hospital, formerly Jefferson Regional Medical Center, a 373-bed hospital $30 million hospital that opened in the spring of 1977.[34] It serves the South Hills region of Pittsburgh.[35]

Media

Newspaper

As with all communities in the Pittsburgh area Jefferson Hills receives the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, .[36] The borough has two local papers, the South Hills Record and the Union-Finley Messenger.

Television

Jefferson Hills as a member of the Pittsburgh metro area is served by a variety of local television and radio stations. The major network television affiliates are KDKA-TV 2 (CBS), WTAE-TV 4 (ABC), WPXI 11 (NBC), WQED 13 (PBS), WPGH-TV 53 (Fox), WPCW 19 (CW), WINP-TV 16 (Ion), WPNT 22 (MyNetworkTV), and WPCB 40 (Cornerstone).[37] WEPA-CD 16 is an independent station owned and operated by the Bruno-Goodworth Network.[37]

Radio

There are a wide variety of radio stations serving the Pittsburgh market. The first was KDKA 1020 AM, which is also the first commercially licensed radio station in the United States, receiving its license on October 27, 1920.[38] Other popular stations include KQV 1410 AM (news), WPGP 1250 AM (conservative talk), WKST-FM 96.1 FM (pop and hip-hop), WBZZ 100.7 FM (adult contemporary), WDVE 102.5 FM (album rock), WPGB 104.7 FM (talk), WXDX 105.9 FM (modern rock), and WAMO 106.7 (hip-hop, rap).[39] There are also three public radio stations in the area; including WESA 90.5 FM (National Public Radio affiliate operated by Duquesne University), WQED 89.3 FM (classical), and WYEP 91.3 FM (adult alternative).[39] Three non-commercial stations are run by Carnegie Mellon University (WRCT 88.3 FM), the University of Pittsburgh (WPTS 92.1 FM), and Point Park University (WPPJ 670 AM).[39]

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Jefferson Hills borough, Pennsylvania". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  4. ^ "FOREWoRD" (PDF). Jefferson Hills Borough. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2015. The Borough of Jefferson was renamed the Borough of Jefferson Hills, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, by Res. 29-98, adopted by the Council of the Borough of Jefferson Hills on December 14, 1998, and which Resolution followed a certification from the Board of Elections of Allegheny County that a majority of the voters in the Borough of Jefferson had approved a change in the corporate name of the municipality to the Borough of Jefferson Hills in the November 3, 1998, General Election.
  5. ^ "Official Website of US Senator Bob Casey, Jr".
  6. ^ "Allegheny County Courts Directory". Archived from the original on 2008-12-10. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
  7. ^ "Jefferson Hills Emergency Management Organizational Chart". Archived from the original on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  8. ^ "Jefferson Hills Crime Statistics 2005". Archived from the original on 2016-03-24.
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania Crime Statistics 2005". Archived from the original on 2016-12-09.
  10. ^ "United States Crime Statistics 2005". Archived from the original on 2016-11-29.
  11. ^ EL. "2012 Allegheny County election". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  12. ^ EL. "2016 Pennsylvani general election..." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Election Night Reporting".
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "Allegheny County Community Profile - Jefferson Hills". Archived from the original on 2009-02-19. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  16. ^ "Google Terrain Map of Jefferson Hills".
  17. ^ "Station Name: PA PITTSBURGH ALLEGHENY CO AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-06-30.
  18. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties" (PDF). 1880 United States Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  19. ^ "Population-Pennsylvania" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  20. ^ "Number and Distribution of Inhabitants:Pennsylvania-Tennessee" (PDF). Fifteenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau.
  21. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  22. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-11-22.
  23. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  24. ^ "Yohogania County Jefferson Borough History". Archived from the original on 2002-06-11. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
  25. ^ "Yohogania County". Archived from the original on 2002-01-17. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
  26. ^ a b c "Allegheny Trail Alliance".
  27. ^ a b "Montour Trail Website".
  28. ^ "Panhandle Trail Website".
  29. ^ "Steel Valley Trail". Archived from the original on 2008-12-28. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  30. ^ "Allegheny Trail Alliance". Archived from the original on 2009-04-12. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  31. ^ "Mon Fayette Expressway History".
  32. ^ "Port Authority of Allegheny County". Archived from the original on 2008-03-17. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
  33. ^ "Fly Pittsburgh". Archived from the original on 2013-08-23.
  34. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PYwqAAAAIBAJ&sjid=JVgEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5567%2C959164[bare URL]
  35. ^ "Jefferson Regional Medical Center – "About Us"".
  36. ^ "Pittsburgh Daily Newspapers".
  37. ^ a b "Pittsburgh Television Stations".
  38. ^ "KDKA, First Commercial Radio Station." IEEE Global History Network. Retrieved on 2008-01-26.
  39. ^ a b c "Pittsburgh Radio Stations".