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North Braddock, Pennsylvania
Borough Welcome Sign
Borough Welcome Sign
Etymology: Edward Braddock
Location in Allegheny County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Location in Allegheny County and the state of Pennsylvania.
Coordinates: 40°24′18″N 79°51′23″W / 40.40500°N 79.85639°W / 40.40500; -79.85639
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyAllegheny
Founded1897
Government
 • MayorCletus Lee (D)
Area
 • Total1.55 sq mi (4.02 km2)
 • Land1.49 sq mi (3.87 km2)
 • Water0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Population
 • Total4,320
 • Density2,895.44/sq mi (1,117.65/km2)
Time zoneEST
 • Summer (DST)EDT
ZIP code
15104
Area code412
FIPS code42-54816
School DistrictWoodland Hills
Websitewww.northbraddockborough.com

North Braddock is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, along the Monongahela River. The 2020 census had the borough population at 4,320.[3] It is a suburb 11 miles (18 km) east of Pittsburgh. Organized from a part of Braddock Township in 1897, the borough prides itself in being the "Birthplace of Steel" as the home of Andrew Carnegie's Edgar Thomson Steel Works that opened in 1875.

History

Origins

In 1742, a Scottish trader named John Fraser from eastern Pennsylvania acquired land at the location of the current Edgar Thomson Steel Works from Queen Aliquippa and the Lenape people. Fraser settled his family on the location, and in 1753 Christopher Gist and George Washington met with Fraser while delivering messages from Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia to French commanders at Fort LeBoeuf, in present-day Waterford. Dinwiddie demanded the French commanders withdraw from western Pennsylvania. Fearing that a conflict was on the horizon, Fraser returned to Philadelphia in 1754.

In 1755, General Edward Braddock and British troops left Virginia and used Fraser as the guide with General Washington as the aide on the expedition. The objective of the expedition was to expel the French at Fort Duquesne. It was on July 9, 1755, when the British troops arrived at Frazier's cabin to be met with gunfire from the French troops. During the battle Braddock was wounded, dying on July 13, 1755, in nearby Uniontown. The area where Braddock was shot became known as Braddock's Field. Historical markers identify the site on present-day Jones Avenue across from Benjamin Fairless School. Braddock's Battlefield History Center commemorates this battle.[4]

Whiskey Rebellion

During the late 18th-century farming was prevalent in the North Braddock area with the nearby Monongahela River used for trade. Whiskey became a very profitable product to trade, with much being sent to the New Orleans area. In 1794 a whiskey tax was created, drawing in protest over 8,000 settlers from western Pennsylvania to the North Braddock area, as part of the Whiskey Rebellion. The angry settlers would not disperse easily, and President Washington led an army to suppress the rebellion.[citation needed]

Wallace Mansion

The British commander of Fort Pitt, Captain Edmondstone, had signed a grant of 328 acres (1.33 km2) of land from King George III of Great Britain to Peter Rowletter. Once the French and Indian War was over, Rowletter sold the land to Pittsburgh judge George Wallace, who bought around 328 acres (1.33 km2) of land, including part of Braddock's Field, on March 4, 1791. Here Wallace built a mansion as his summer home. Later the Marquis de La Fayette visited the country as the Guest of the Nation, and while doing so he stopped by Judge Wallace's mansion on May 28, 1825. After Wallace's death the home was left to his nephew who lost the property to a sheriff sale. The Wallace mansion would be used as a boarding school called the Edgeworth Ladies Seminary during the 1830s.[citation needed]

Coal and steel

In 1835 the first coal mine opened between the hills near Sixth Street. During the 19th century the railroad industry was expanding across the country. Andrew Carnegie, with the increasing demands in steel for the railroad, began to build his first steel mill in 1872, named for John Edgar Thomson, the president of the Pennsylvania Railroad. By 1873 the demand for steel for the railroad had decreased, and the construction of the mill was halted. Good news came though when Carnegie secured a $2 million loan and finished the steel mill to roll its first steel under the supervision of superintendent William R. Jones. The mill would go on to expand, and in 1880 the first blast furnace was used at the Edgar Thomson Steel Works.[citation needed]

Incorporation

During 1897, East Pittsburgh tried to annex the land around the mill of North Braddock, known as Bessemer, that was part of Braddock Township. Residents of Shady Park village (3rd ward) and of Wolftown (1st ward) came together to hold meetings on stopping East Pittsburgh from annexing the land near the mill known as Braddock's Field. William Yost serving as North Braddock's attorney petitioned the Quarter Sessions of Allegheny County that Shady Park and Wolftown would join as one town, also incorporating Braddock's Field. During the meetings 317 of 510 property owners signed an agreement helping Judge Kennedy make his ruling to form a new town. On Monday, April 26, 1897, North Braddock was incorporated as a borough. Judge Kennedy of the Quarter Sessions Court of Allegheny County made the ruling and ordered the decree for the new borough. The first election of officials was to be held on May 18, 1897. The winners of the election included the burgess Henry Anderson, councilmen Joseph Wallace, John Walberg, John Maxwell, WJ Vance, Thomas Clark, J Grant Anderson, Fred Edwards, tax collector John Hutzen, and school directors Jones, Johnson, Scott, Colmey, Crossey, and Anderson.[citation needed]

North Braddock celebrated its borough centennial with a festival of events in June 1997.

North Braddock Centennial Book (1997)

Geography

North Braddock is located at 40°24′18″N 79°51′23″W / 40.40500°N 79.85639°W / 40.40500; -79.85639 (40.405025, −79.856500).[5] It occupies a slope of terrain between Braddock, which touches the Monongahela River, and East Pittsburgh, which occupies the highest ground.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 3.75%, is water.

Surrounding and adjacent neighborhoods

North Braddock has five land borders, including Braddock Hills to the north, Chalfant to the northeast, Wilkins Township to the east, East Pittsburgh to the east and southeast, and Braddock to the southwest and west. Across the Monongahela River to the south, North Braddock runs adjacent with Kennywood Park in West Mifflin.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19006,535
191011,82480.9%
192014,92826.3%
193016,78212.4%
194015,679−6.6%
195014,724−6.1%
196013,204−10.3%
197010,838−17.9%
19808,711−19.6%
19907,036−19.2%
20006,410−8.9%
20104,857−24.2%
20204,320−11.1%
Sources:[6][7][8][9][2]

As of the 2000 census,[8] there were 6,410 people, 2,631 households, and 1,681 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,155.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,604.4/km2). There were 3,250 housing units at an average density of 2,106.9 per square mile (813.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 61.70% White, 35.30% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

There were 2,631 households, out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.0% were married couples living together, 23.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 27.0% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $24,335, and the median income for a family was $30,473. Males had a median income of $30,960 versus $22,281 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $14,076. About 18.0% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.4% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

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North Braddock Municipal Building

North Braddock has a borough government. The borough has nine elected council members and a mayor who serve four-year terms. The borough manager conducts daily business and operates with the budget passed by council. Ordinances and building codes are enforced by the appointed code official. The borough solicitor provides legal consultation for legal issues. An engineering firm is contracted to provide consultation for infrastructure issues. The elected tax collector serves a four-year term. North Braddock is a member of the Turtle Creek Valley Council of Governments.

Mayors
1897 - Henry Anderson 1914 - H. B. Miller 1982 - Elmer DeVay 2022 - Cletus Lee
1899 - F. K. Leighton 1918 - B. M. Bartilson 1983 - Steven Yanowitch
1903 - Johnson Snyder 1922 - Harvey Hunter 1984 - Norman Irvin
1904 - A. T. Reid 1926 - G. Fenton Mitchell 1989 - Jerome Sepesy
1906 - George Whitfield 1938 - P. J. McLeigh 1990 - George Choma
1909 - James McWilliams 1951 - Michael Pendro 1994 - Raymond McDonough
1910 - John McCune 1966 - Thomas Curran 2010 - Thomas Whyel
1911 - A. L. Best 1981 - Norman Irvin 2021 - Albert Senic
Council
Ward 1 Ward 2 Ward 3
Charles Nigro (Dec. 2023) Zena Ruiz (Dec. 2025) Michael Breaston (Dec. 2023)
Jerome Sepesy (Dec. 2025) John Vahosky (Dec. 2023) Juanita Giles (Dec. 2025)
Teresa Parker (Dec. 2025) Victoria Vargo (Dec. 2025) Lisa Franklin-Robinson (Dec. 2023)
Presidential election results[10][11][12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 22% 454 76% 1,560 1% 22
2016 22% 445 77% 1,545 1% 22
2012 20% 417 79% 1,681 1% 27

Education

Woodland Hills School District Administration Center

North Braddock once operated its own school district which had a number of school buildings throughout the borough. The schools used included, Original North Braddock High School (Bell Avenue), North Braddock Scott High School (Bell Avenue), Hartman Junior High School (Wolfe Avenue), Bell Avenue School (Bell Avenue), Brinton Avenue School (Brinton Avenue), McClure School (Electric Avenue), Jones Avenue Junior High School (Jones Avenue), Shady Park School (Lobinger Avenue), and Ben Fairless School (Jones Avenue).[citation needed] The North Braddock School District merged into the General Braddock Area District in the 1970s.

General Braddock Area School District was merged under court orders into the Woodland Hills School District in 1981 with 12 other nearby communities. The Woodland Hills Administration Building is located in the former Fairless Elementary School on Jones Avenue in North Braddock.

Public safety

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  3. ^ "Explore Census Data".
  4. ^ "Braddock's Battlefield History Center". Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  7. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 20, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  10. ^ EL. "2012 Allegheny County election". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  11. ^ EL. "2016 Pennsylvania general election..." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved October 15, 2017.
  12. ^ "Election Night Reporting".