.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Chinese. (February 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Chinese Wikipedia article at [[:zh:占城稻]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|zh|占城稻)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Champa rice is a quick-maturing, drought resistant rice that can allow two harvests of sixty days each per growing season.[1] Champa rice is from the aus sub-population, which shares similarities with both the japonica and the indica rice varieties.[2] Likely originating from Eastern India, Champa rice was introduced from the Champa Kingdom into Song China in the 11th century.[2] Champa rice was then sent to Song China in the 11th century as a tribute gift from Champa during the reign of Emperor Zhenzong of Song (r. 997–1022).[3][4] Song dynasty officials gave the quick-growing champa rice to peasants across China in order to boost their crop yields, and its rapid growth time was crucial in feeding the burgeoning Chinese population of over 100 million.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Haywood, John; Jotischky, Andrew; McGlynn, Sean (1998). Historical Atlas of the Medieval World, AD 600-1492. Barnes & Noble. p. 3.21. ISBN 978-0-7607-1976-3.
  2. ^ a b Barker, Randolph (2012). "The Origin and Spread of Early-Ripening Champa Rice: It's [sic] Impact on Song Dynasty China". RICE. 4 (3–4): 184–186. doi:10.1007/s12284-011-9079-6.
  3. ^ Lynda Noreen Shaffer, A Concrete Panoply of Intercultural Exchange: Asia in World History (1997) in Asia in Western and World History, edited by Ainslie T. Embree and Carol Gluck (Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe), p. 839-840.
  4. ^ Richard W. Bulliet; Pamela Kyle Crossley; Daniel R. Headrick; Steven Hirsch, Lyman Johnson (1 February 2008). The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Brief Edition, Volume I: To 1550: A Global History. Cengage Learning. pp. 279–. ISBN 978-0-618-99238-6.
  5. ^ Beck, Roger B.; Black, Linda; Krieger, Larry S.; Naylor, Phillip C.; Shabaka, Dahia Ibo (2012). World History: Patterns of Interaction. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 325. ISBN 978-0-547-49112-7.