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Samba is a variety of rice grown in Tamil Nadu, some other parts of India and Sri Lanka, and has a small ovular grain, compared to the long grain of basmati rice.[1]


Samba rice has a distinct taste and can be described[who?] as having a more 'starchy' or 'corny' flavor.And also liked by many as it tastes better than other rice and also it becomes less harder after cooking.[citation needed].

The grain itself is much harder than the other varieties and when cooked is less[citation needed] 'fluffy' in texture so gives a more filling[citation needed] meal with a higher[citation needed] caloric value.

All Samba rice grain is harvested locally by the mallas[who?] of India and there are many sub-varieties ranging in grain size and price. Seeraga Samba is the most expensive sub-variety and has the finest grain. It is approximately a third the size of a grain of basmati rice[citation needed].


Samba rice is grown extensively in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Rice grown in Samba season (August through January) is referred to as Samba rice.[2] This rice is grown for a longer duration compared to other types of rice.[citation needed]

A subvariety of the Samba, known as the Seeraga Samba or Jeera Samba (in Tamil: சீரக சம்பா, which means 'Cumin samba', due to its resemblance to cumin seeds), is popular for consumption in south-east India.[3] It is exclusively cultivated along the Cauvery river and peculiarly in its delta, notably in the Vellapallam and Keevalur talukas of Nagapattinam district, Uppiliyapuram of Tiruchirappalli district and in various areas of Thanjavur district.[3] This subvariety was presented in 2018 by an association of farmers to benefit of a geographical indication (GI tag), the request is currently being processed.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ "The secrets of seeraga samba".
  2. ^ Archived 2008-10-06 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c Subramani, A. (11 June 2018). "Tamil Nadu's own 'seeraga samba' in line for Geographical Indication tag". The Times of India. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 23 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Application Details 617, Seeraga Samba Rice". Retrieved 23 September 2023.