The Lord Glenelg
1837 portrait by Henry Perronet Briggs
President of the Board of Trade
In office
4 September 1827 – 11 June 1828
MonarchGeorge IV
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Goderich
The Duke of Wellington
Preceded byWilliam Huskisson
Succeeded byWilliam Vesey-FitzGerald
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
In office
18 April 1835 – 20 February 1839
MonarchWilliam IV
Victoria
Prime MinisterThe Viscount Melbourne
Preceded byThe Earl of Aberdeen
Succeeded byThe Marquess of Normanby
Personal details
Born26 October 1778 (1778-10-26)
Kidderpore, Calcutta, British India
Died23 April 1866 (1866-04-24) (aged 87)
Cannes, France
NationalityAnglo-Indian
Political partyTory
Whig
Alma materMagdalene College, Cambridge

Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg PC FRS (26 October 1778 – 23 April 1866) was a Scottish politician and colonial administrator.

Background and education

Grant was born in Kidderpore, Bengal Presidency, Company Raj, the eldest son of Charles Grant, chairman of the directors of the British East India Company. His brother, Sir Robert Grant, was also an MP as well as Governor of Bombay. He was educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and became a fellow in 1802.[1] He was called to the bar in 1807.[2]

Political career

In 1811 Grant was elected to the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs. He held that seat until 1818, when he was returned for Inverness-shire. He was a Lord of the Treasury from December 1813 until August 1819, when he became Chief Secretary for Ireland and a Privy Counsellor. In 1823 he was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade; from September 1827 to June 1828 he was President of the Board of Trade and Treasurer of the Navy.[2]

Grant broke with the Tories over Reform and joined the Whigs (via the Canningite Tory splinter group). He was President of the Board of Control under Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne from November 1830 to November 1834. At the Board of Control Grant was primarily responsible for the Act of 1833 that altered the constitution of the Government of India. In April 1835 he became Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, and was created Baron Glenelg, of Glenelg in the County of Inverness.[3] His term of office was a stormy one. His differences with Sir Benjamin d'Urban, Governor of Cape Colony, were serious; but more so were those with King William IV and others over the administration of Canada. Lord Glenelg was still Secretary when the Canadian rebellion broke out in 1837; his policy was fiercely attacked in Parliament; he became involved in disputes with Lord Durham, and the movement for his supersession found supporters even among his colleagues in the cabinet. In February 1839 Lord Glenelg resigned. He has been called the last of the Canningites.[2]

Personal life

Lord Glenelg died in Cannes, France in April 1866, aged 87. The barony became extinct on his death.

Notes

  1. ^ "Grant, Charles (post Lord Glenelg) (GRNT795C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ "No. 19267". The London Gazette. 5 May 1835. p. 877.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byPeter Baillie Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs 1811–1818 Succeeded byGeorge Cumming Preceded byCharles Grant Member of Parliament for Inverness-shire 1818–1835 Succeeded byAlexander William Chisholm Political offices Preceded byRobert Peel Chief Secretary for Ireland 1818–1821 Succeeded byHenry Goulburn Preceded byThomas Wallace Vice-President of the Board of Trade 1823–1828 Succeeded byThomas Frankland Lewis Preceded byWilliam Huskisson President of the Board of Trade 1827–1828 Succeeded byWilliam Vesey-FitzGerald Treasurer of the Navy 1827–1828 Preceded byThe Lord Ellenborough President of the Board of Control 1830–1834 Succeeded byThe Lord Ellenborough Preceded byThe Earl of Aberdeen Secretary of State for War and the Colonies 1835–1839 Succeeded byThe Marquess of Normanby Peerage of the United Kingdom New creation Baron Glenelg 1835–1866 Extinct