The Peerage of the United Kingdom is one of the five Peerages in the United Kingdom. It comprises most peerages created in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland after the Acts of Union in 1801, when it replaced the Peerage of Great Britain. New peers continued to be created in the Peerage of Ireland until 1898 (the last creation was the Barony of Curzon of Kedleston).

The House of Lords Act 1999 reformed the House of Lords. Until then, all peers of the United Kingdom were automatically members of the House of Lords. However, from that date, most of the hereditary peers ceased to be members, whereas the life peers retained their seats. All hereditary peers of the first creation (i.e. those for whom a peerage was originally created, as opposed to those who inherited a peerage), and all surviving hereditary peers who had served as Leader of the House of Lords, were offered a life peerage to allow them to continue to sit in the House should they wish.

Peers in the Peerage of Scotland and Peerage of Ireland did not have an automatic seat in the House of Lords following the Acts of Union of 1707 and 1800, though the law permitted a limited number to be elected by their fellows to serve in the House of Lords as representative peers. Some peerages of the United Kingdom were created to get around this obstacle and allow certain Scottish and Irish peers to enjoy the automatic right to sit in the House of Lords.[1][2][a][4][5][b]

Key

Non-partisan   Royal Family/Household
  Civil Service
  Clergy
  HM judiciary
  Commonwealth judiciary
  Privy Counsellor of the United Kingdom/Ireland/Northern Ireland
Partisan   Conservative Party
  Independent politician
  Irish Unionist Alliance
  Labour Party
  Liberal Party
  Liberal Unionist Party
  National Liberal Party
  Scottish Unionist Party
  Speaker of the House of Commons
  Tory Party
  Ulster Unionist Party
  Whig Party
  Commonwealth politician
  Other politician

Ranks

The ranks of the peerage are Duke, Marquess, Earl, Viscount, and Baron.[7]

The last non-royal dukedom was created in 1874, and the last marquessate was created in 1936. Creation of the remaining ranks, except baronies for life, mostly ceased once Harold Wilson's Labour government took office in 1964, and only fourteen (nine non-royal and five royal) people have been created hereditary peers since then. These were:

Grantee Date of Creation Title(s) Noted for
Reginald Manningham-Buller, The 1st Baron Dilhorne 7 December 1964 Viscount Dilhorne Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
Sir Robert Grimston, Bt. 11 December 1964 Baron Grimston of Westbury Former Member of Parliament.
Frederick Erroll 19 December 1964 (extinct 2000) Baron Erroll of Hale Former Cabinet Minister.
Sir Robert Renwick, Bt. 23 December 1964 Baron Renwick
Michael Hughes-Young 31 December 1964 Baron St Helens Former Member of Parliament.
John Morrison 1 January 1965 Baron Margadale Former Chairman of the 1922 Committee.
William Whitelaw 16 June 1983 (extinct 1999) Viscount Whitelaw Former Home Secretary.
George Thomas 11 July 1983 (extinct 1997) Viscount Tonypandy Former Speaker of the House of Commons.
Harold Macmillan 24 February 1984 Earl of Stockton
Viscount Macmillan of Ovenden
Former Prime Minister.
Prince Andrew 23 July 1986 Duke of York
Earl of Inverness
Baron Killyleagh
Second son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day.
Prince Edward 19 June 1999 Earl of Wessex
Viscount Severn
Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on his wedding day.
Prince William 29 April 2011 Duke of Cambridge
Earl of Strathearn
Baron Carrickfergus
First son of King Charles III on his wedding day.
Prince Harry 18 May 2018 Duke of Sussex
Earl of Dumbarton
Baron Kilkeel
Second son of King Charles III on his wedding day.
Prince Edward 10 March 2019 Earl of Forfar Third son of Queen Elizabeth II on 55th birthday (used by the Earl and his wife as their primary title when they are in Scotland).[8]

Dukes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

See also: List of dukedoms in the peerages of Britain and Ireland § Dukedoms in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801 to present

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

11 May 1814 United Kingdom Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington Military Peerage–Army. The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III

28 January 1833 Kingdom of Great Britain George Leveson-Gower, Marquess of Stafford King William IV

27 February 1874 United Kingdom Hugh Grosvenor, Marquess of Westminster Queen Victoria

13 January 1876 Kingdom of England Charles Gordon-Lennox, Duke of Richmond Incumbent cabinet minister.

24 May 1881 Prince Leopold Currently suspended.

7 April 1892 Kingdom of Scotland George Campbell, Duke of Argyll Former cabinet minister and father-in-law of Princess Louise daughter of Queen Victoria.

24 April 1900 United Kingdom Alexander Duff, Earl of Fife Son-in-law of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) [c]

31 March 1928 Prince Henry On his 28th birthday. King George V

12 October 1934 Prince George In anticipation of his forthcoming marriage to Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark.

23 July 1986 Prince Andrew On his wedding day to Sarah Ferguson. Queen Elizabeth II

29 April 2011 Prince William of Wales On his wedding day to Catherine Middleton.

18 May 2018 Prince Henry of Wales On his wedding day to Meghan Markle.

10 March 2023 Prince Edward On his 59th birthday, (Title not hereditary, it will become extinct on his death). King Charles III

Marquesses in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

See also: List of marquessates in the peerages of Britain and Ireland § Marquessates in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801 to present

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

4 February 1801 Kingdom of England Henry Cecil, Earl of Exeter King George III

7 September 1812 Kingdom of England Charles Compton, Earl of Northampton The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III

7 September 1812 Kingdom of Great Britain John Pratt, Earl Camden Former Viceroy of Ireland.

3 October 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Wellington Military Peerage–Army.

4 July 1815 Kingdom of Great Britain Henry Paget, Earl of Uxbridge Military Peerage–Army.

22 November 1815 Kingdom of England George Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

17 July 1821 Kingdom of Great Britain Charles Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury King George IV

30 June 1826 Kingdom of Great Britain Frederick Hervey, Earl of Bristol

10 September 1831 Kingdom of Scotland Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis[note 2] King William IV

13 September 1831 Duke of Westminster in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Kingdom of Great Britain Robert Grosvenor, Earl Grosvenor

25 June 1838 United Kingdom Constantine Phipps, Earl of Mulgrave Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland. Queen Victoria

14 January 1876 Kingdom of Great Britain William Nevill, Earl of Abergavenny

22 August 1892 United Kingdom Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Zetland Former Viceroy of Ireland.

27 October 1902 Kingdom of Scotland John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun Incumbent Governor-General of Australia. King Edward VII

4 January 1916 Kingdom of Scotland John Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen Former Governor General of Canada and former Viceroy of Ireland. King George V

7 November 1917 Grand Duchy of Hesse Prince Louis of Battenberg He relinquished his German titles.

7 May 1926 United Kingdom Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading Former Viceroy of India and former Lord Chief Justice of England.

Earls in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

See also: List of earldoms § Earldoms in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801 to present

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

21 April 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain Alexander Wedderburn, Baron Loughborough Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.[note 1] King George III

18 June 1801 Kingdom of England William Craven, Baron Craven

19 June 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain George Onslow, Baron Onslow

22 June 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain Charles Marsham, Baron Romney

23 June 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain Thomas Pelham, Baron Pelham of Stanmer

26 June 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain Thomas Egerton, Baron Grey de Radcliffe [note 1]

14 May 1804 Kingdom of Great Britain Edward Clive, Baron Clive Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

20 November 1805 William Nelson, Esq. Brother of Horatio Nelson.[note 1]

11 April 1806 United Kingdom Charles Grey, Baron Grey Military Peerage–Army.

7 April 1807 Kingdom of Great Britain William Lowther, Viscount Lowther

19 July 1809 Kingdom of Great Britain Dudley Ryder, Baron Harrowby Former Foreign Secretary.

28 February 1812 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
United Kingdom Arthur Wellesley, Viscount Wellington Military Peerage–Army.

7 September 1812 Marquess of Normanby in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Ireland Henry Phipps, Baron Mulgrave Former Foreign Secretary.

7 September 1812 Kingdom of Great Britain Edward Lascelles, Baron Harewood

24 February 1813 Kingdom of Great Britain Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Baron Minto Incumbent Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William.

16 July 1814 United Kingdom William Cathcart, Viscount Cathcart Military Peerage–Army.

24 November 1815 Kingdom of Ireland James Grimston, Viscount Grimston

28 November 1815 Kingdom of Great Britain John Eliot, Baron Eliot [note 1]

29 November 1815 Kingdom of Great Britain John Parker, Baron Boringdon

30 November 1815 Kingdom of Great Britain Orlando Bridgeman, Baron Bradford

7 July 1821 Kingdom of Great Britain John Scott, Baron Eldon Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. King George IV

16 July 1821 United Kingdom Richard Curzon-Howe, Viscount Curzon

18 July 1821 Kingdom of Great Britain John Rous, Baron Rous

4 February 1822 Kingdom of Great Britain Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Marquess of Buckingham [note 1]

Earl Vane
Viscount Seaham
8 July 1823 Kingdom of Ireland Charles Vane, Marquess of Londonderry Former Ambassador to Austria.[note 1]

6 October 1827 Kingdom of Great Britain John Campbell, Baron Cawdor

15 September 1831 Held by the Duke of Devonshire in the Peerage of England since 1858. King William IV
Lord George Cavendish, MP[note 3]

15 September 1831 United Kingdom Thomas Anson, Viscount Anson Incumbent Master of the Buckhounds.

23 March 1833 United Kingdom John Lambton, Baron Durham Incumbent Ambassador to Russia.

10 May 1833 United Kingdom Granville Leveson-Gower, Viscount Granville Incumbent Ambassador to France and former Ambassador to Russia.

27 January 1837 Kingdom of England Kenneth Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham Military Peerage–Army.

28 January 1837 Kingdom of Great Britain Thomas Reynolds-Moreton, Baron Ducie

30 January 1837 Kingdom of Great Britain Charles Anderson-Pelham, Baron Yarborough

11 August 1837 Kingdom of Scotland James Innes-Ker, Duke of Roxburghe Queen Victoria

12 August 1837 Thomas Coke, Esq.

2 July 1838 Marquess of Zetland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
Kingdom of Great Britain Lawrence Dundas, Baron Dundas

16 August 1841 United Kingdom Charles Noel, Baron Barham

6 July 1846 Held by the Duke of Sutherland in the Peerage of the United Kingdom since 1963.
Lord Francis Egerton, PC, PC (Ire), MP[note 4] Former cabinet minister.

18 September 1847 United Kingdom John Byng, Baron Strafford Military Peerage–Army.

11 June 1850 United Kingdom Charles Pepys, Baron Cottenham Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

11 April 1857 United Kingdom Henry Wellesley, Baron Cowley Incumbent Ambassador to France.

23 June 1859 Kingdom of Scotland Archibald Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

17 February 1860 Kingdom of England William Ward, Baron Ward

30 July 1861 Lord John Russell, PC, MP[note 5] Former Prime Minister.

21 October 1861 Anne Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland [note 1]

1 June 1866 Kingdom of Great Britain John Wodehouse, Baron Wodehouse Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

15 January 1876 United Kingdom Edward Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, Baron Wharncliffe [note 1]

27 September 1878 United Kingdom Hugh Cairns, Baron Cairns Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

28 April 1880 United Kingdom Robert Bulwer-Lytton, Baron Lytton Incumbent Viceroy of India.

30 December 1882 United Kingdom Roundell Palmer, Baron Selborne Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

3 July 1885 The Rt Hon. Sir Stafford Northcote, Bt., PC, MP Incumbent First Lord of the Treasury.

22 August 1892 United Kingdom Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, Viscount Cranbrook Former Home Secretary.

6 August 1901 United Kingdom Evelyn Baring, Viscount Cromer Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt. King Edward VII

18 December 1905 Kingdom of England Robert Windsor-Clive, Baron Windsor Former cabinet minister.

22 December 1905 United Kingdom Cecil Foljambe, Baron Hawkesbury Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

3 July 1911 Kingdom of Scotland Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery Former Prime Minister. King George V

22 February 1915 United Kingdom Michael Hicks Beach, Viscount St Aldwyn Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

20 December 1917 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
United Kingdom Rufus Isaacs, Viscount Reading Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

27 September 1919 Sir David Beatty Military Peerage–Navy.

29 September 1919 Sir Douglas Haig Military Peerage–Army.

30 September 1919 United Kingdom Edward Guinness, Viscount Iveagh

5 May 1922 The Rt Hon. Sir Arthur Balfour, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Prime Minister.[note 1]

9 February 1925 The Rt Hon. H. H. Asquith, PC, PC (Ire) Former Prime Minister.

29 June 1925 United Kingdom John Jellicoe, Viscount Jellicoe Former Governor-General of New Zealand.

20 June 1929 United Kingdom James Mackay, Viscount Inchcape Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.

10 July 1929 United Kingdom William Peel, Viscount Peel Former cabinet minister.

1 June 1937 Kingdom of Scotland Claude Bowes-Lyon, Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne Father-in-law of King George VI. King George VI

8 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir Stanley Baldwin, PC, MP Former Prime Minister.

11 July 1944 United Kingdom Edward Wood, Viscount Halifax Former Viceroy of India.

8 January 1945 United Kingdom Alexander Hore-Ruthven, Baron Gowrie Incumbent Governor-General of Australia.

12 February 1945 The Rt Hon. David Lloyd George, PC, MP Former Prime Minister.

18 October 1947 United Kingdom Louis Mountbatten, Viscount Mountbatten of Burma Incumbent Governor-General of India.[note 1]

11 March 1952 United Kingdom Harold Alexander, Viscount Alexander of Tunis Former Governor General of Canada. Queen Elizabeth II

5 May 1955 United Kingdom Philip Cunliffe-Lister, Viscount Swinton Former cabinet minister.

16 December 1955 The Rt Hon. Clement Attlee, PC, MP Former Prime Minister.

9 December 1956 United Kingdom Frederick Marquis, Viscount Woolton Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

6 October 1961 Antony Armstrong-Jones, Esq. Husband of Princess Margaret.

24 February 1984 The Rt Hon. Harold Macmillan, PC Former Prime Minister.

19 June 1999 Prince Edward On his wedding day to Sophie Rhys-Jones.

10 March 2019 Prince Edward On his 55th Birthday, (Title used in Scotland only).

Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

See also: List of viscountcies in the peerages of Britain and Ireland § Viscountcies in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, 1801–present

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

27 April 1801 Kingdom of Great Britain John Jervis, Earl of St Vincent Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1] King George III

27 February 1802 Earl Howe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Kingdom of Great Britain Assheton Curzon, Baron Curzon

24 December 1802 The Rt Hon. Henry Dundas, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

12 January 1805 The Rt Hon. Henry Addington, PC, MP Former Prime Minister.

17 February 1806 Earl of Lichfield in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Thomas Anson, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

9 November 1807 Earl Cathcart in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Kingdom of Scotland William Cathcart, Lord Cathcart[note 2] Military Peerage Army

4 September 1809 Duke of Wellington in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Arthur Wellesley, MP[note 6] Military Peerage–Army.

16 July 1814 Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Kingdom of Scotland George Hamilton-Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen[note 2] Former Ambassador to Austria.

12 August 1815 Earl Granville in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Lord Granville Leveson-Gower, PC, PC (Ire), MP[note 7] Former cabinet minister.

10 December 1816 United Kingdom Edward Pellew, Baron Exmouth Military Peerage–Navy.

14 July 1821 Kingdom of Ireland Richard Hely-Hutchinson, Earl of Donoughmore [note 1] King George IV

8 December 1823 Kingdom of Ireland Richard Trench, Earl of Clancarty Incumbent Ambassador to the Netherlands.

8 February 1827 United Kingdom Stapleton Cotton, Baron Combermere Military Peerage–Army.

27 September 1842 United Kingdom Rowland Hill, Baron Hill Military Peerage–Army.[note 1] Queen Victoria

2 May 1846 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Hardinge, PC, PC (Ire) Incumbent Viceroy of India.

21 February 1866 Earl of Halifax in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Charles Wood, Bt., PC, MP Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

6 July 1868 Kingdom of Ireland Alexander Hood, Baron Bridport Military Peerage–Army.

28 March 1873 United Kingdom Edward Portman, Baron Portman

4 May 1878 Earl of Cranbrook in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Gathorne Hardy, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

4 March 1884 The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Brand, PC, MP[note 8] Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

11 November 1891 Emily Smith Widow of the First Lord of the Treasury William Henry Smith, MP.[note 1]

9 May 1895 Earl Peel in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Arthur Peel, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

3 August 1895 United Kingdom Henry Holland, Baron Knutsford Former cabinet minister.

11 November 1897 United Kingdom William Brett, Baron Esher Former Master of the Rolls.

25 July 1899 Earl of Cromer in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Evelyn Baring, Baron Cromer Incumbent Consul-General of Egypt.

18 December 1900 The Rt Hon. George Goschen, PC Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

19 December 1900 The Rt Hon. Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt., PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

12 July 1902 Kingdom of Scotland Charles Colville, Lord Colville of Culross[note 2] Former Master of the Buckhounds. King Edward VII

6 July 1905 The Rt Hon. William Gully, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

18 December 1905 Earl of Iveagh in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Edward Guinness, Baron Iveagh

19 December 1905 Earl Spencer in the Peerage of Great Britain.
The Rt Hon. Charles Spencer, PC[note 9] Incumbent Lord Chamberlain of the Household.

6 January 1906 Earl St Aldwyn in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Michael Hicks Beach, PC, PC (Ire) Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

4 July 1911 United Kingdom Francis Knollys, Baron Knollys Incumbent Private Secretary to the Sovereign. King George V

5 July 1911 United Kingdom Wentworth Beaumont, Baron Allendale

6 July 1911 The Rt Hon. Aretas Akers-Douglas, PC, MP Former Home Secretary.

2 November 1911 Kingdom of Ireland George Curzon, Baron Curzon of Kedleston Former Viceroy of India.[note 1]

22 June 1916 United Kingdom John Bigham, Baron Mersey Judicial Peer.

26 June 1916 Marquess of Reading in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Rufus Isaacs, Baron Reading Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of England.

2 January 1917 United Kingdom Weetman Pearson, Baron Cowdray Incumbent cabinet minister.

23 June 1917 United Kingdom Hudson Kearley, Baron Devonport Former cabinet minister.

23 June 1917 United Kingdom United States William Waldorf Astor, Baron Astor The first man from the United States to be created a Hereditary Peer.

15 January 1918 Earl Jellicoe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir John Jellicoe Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

15 June 1918 United Kingdom Ivor Guest, Baron Wimborne Incumbent Viceroy of Ireland.

17 June 1918 United Kingdom John Philipps, Baron St Davids

17 May 1919 United Kingdom Harold Harmsworth, Baron Rothermere Founder of the Daily Mail.

7 October 1919 Sir Edmund Allenby Military Peerage–Army.[note 1]

3 June 1921 United Kingdom Frederic Thesiger, Baron Chelmsford Incumbent Viceroy of India.

4 June 1921 The Rt Hon. Walter Long, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Leader of the Irish Unionist Alliance.

8 July 1921 The Rt Hon. James Lowther, PC, MP[note 10] Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

20 February 1923 Sir George Younger, Bt. Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

21 January 1924 Earl of Inchcape in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom James Mackay, Baron Inchcape Chairman of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company.

16 June 1925 United Kingdom Marcus Samuel, Baron Bearsted Founder of Royal Dutch Shell.

20 January 1927 The Rt Hon. Sir James Craig, Bt., PC (Ire), PC (NI), MP Incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.

18 June 1929 The Rt Hon. William Bridgeman, PC[note 11] Former Home Secretary.

4 July 1929 United Kingdom Douglas Hogg, Baron Hailsham Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
5 July 1929 The Rt Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks, Bt., PC, PC (NI), MP Former Home Secretary.

24 February 1933 United Kingdom Stanley Buckmaster, Baron Buckmaster Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

24 June 1935 United Kingdom Charles Bathurst, Baron Bledisloe Former Governor-General of New Zealand.

29 November 1935 Earl of Swinton in the Peerage in the United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister, PC Incumbent cabinet minister.

17 January 1936 United Kingdom Ernest Pollock, Baron Hanworth Incumbent Master of the Rolls.

31 January 1936 United Kingdom Hugh Trenchard, Baron Trenchard Former Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. King Edward VIII

8 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir Herbert Samuel, PC Former Home Secretary. King George VI

10 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Walter Runciman, PC, MP[note 12] Former cabinet minister.
11 June 1937 The Rt Hon. Sir J. C. C. Davidson, PC, MP Former Chairman of the Conservative Party.

25 June 1938 United Kingdom William Weir, Baron Weir Former cabinet minister.

27 June 1938 Held by the Earl of Kintore in the Peerage of Scotland since 1974.
United Kingdom John Baird, Baron Stonehaven Former Governor-General of Australia.
6 September 1939 The Rt Hon. Sir Thomas Inskip, PC, MP Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.
20 January 1941 United Kingdom William Berry, Baron Camrose Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph.

12 January 1942 The Rt Hon. William Wedgwood Benn, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

27 April 1942 The Rt Hon. David Margesson, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

3 May 1943 Muriel FitzRoy Widow of the Speaker of the House of Commons Edward FitzRoy, MP.[note 1]

2 July 1945 United Kingdom Christopher Addison, Baron Addison Former cabinet minister.

12 September 1945 United Kingdom Gomer Berry, Baron Kemsley Co-owner of The Daily Telegraph.

13 September 1945 United Kingdom George Penny, Baron Marchwood

31 January 1946 Sir Bernard Montgomery Military Peerage–Army.

1 March 1946 Earl Alexander of Tunis in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Harold Alexander[note 13] Military Peerage–Army.

23 August 1946 Earl Mountbatten of Burma in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Lord Louis Mountbatten[note 14] Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

28 January 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir John Anderson, PC, PC (Ire) Former Chancellor of the Exchequer.

10 April 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Archibald Sinclair, Bt., PC Former Leader of the Liberal Party. Queen Elizabeth II

1 July 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Basil Brooke, Bt., PC (NI), MP Incumbent Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
5 July 1952 The Rt Hon. Sir Duff Cooper, PC Former Ambassador to France.

2 July 1953 Earl of Woolton in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Frederick Marquis, Baron Woolton Incumbent cabinet minister.

18 January 1954 United Kingdom Frederick Leathers, Baron Leathers Former cabinet minister.
16 July 1954 United Kingdom Herwald Ramsbotham, Baron Soulbury Incumbent Governor-General of Ceylon.

9 September 1954 The Rt Hon. Oliver Lyttelton, MP, PC[note 15] Former cabinet minister.

18 March 1955 The Rt Hon. Sir Godfrey Huggins, PC, MP Incumbent Prime Minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

12 January 1956 United Kingdom William Sidney, Baron De L'Isle and Dudley Former cabinet minister.

11 February 1957 The Rt Hon. Sir Walter Monckton, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

12 February 1957 The Rt Hon. Gwilym Lloyd George, PC, MP[note 16] Former Home Secretary.

10 July 1957 United Kingdom Harold Mackintosh, Baron Mackintosh of Halifax Owner of John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd.

12 November 1959 The Rt Hon. William Morrison, PC, MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons.

20 November 1959 The Rt Hon. James Stuart, PC[note 17] Former cabinet minister.

20 January 1960 United Kingdom John Kemp, Baron Rochdale

15 July 1960 Sir William Slim Incumbent Governor-General of Australia.

2 August 1960 The Rt Hon. Antony Head, PC, MP Incumbent High Commissioner to Nigeria.

8 September 1960 The Rt Hon. Alan Lennox-Boyd, PC, MP Former cabinet minister.

22 August 1962 United Kingdom Percy Mills, Baron Mills Former cabinet minister.

8 November 1963 The Rt Hon. John Hare, PC, MP[note 18] Incumbent Chairman of the Conservative Party.

14 January 1964 United Kingdom David Eccles, Baron Eccles Former cabinet minister.

7 December 1964 United Kingdom Reginald Manningham-Buller, Baron Dilhorne Former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Barons in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

See also: List of hereditary baronies in the Peerage of the United Kingdom

Shield Title Creation Grantee Reason Monarch

Baron Loftus 19 January 1801 Kingdom of Ireland Charles Loftus, Marquess of Ely King George III

Baron Grey 23 June 1801 Earl Grey in the Peerage of United Kingdom
Sir Charles Grey

Baron Nelson 18 August 1801 Earl Nelson in the Peerage of United Kingdom
Kingdom of Great Britain Horatio Nelson, Viscount Nelson Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

Baron Ellenborough 19 April 1802 Sir Edward Law Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench.

Baron Sandys 19 June 1802 Held by the Marquess of Downshire in the Peerage of Ireland since 2013
Mary Hill, Marchioness of Downshire Wife of The Marquess of Downshire.[note 1]

Baron Barham 1 May 1805 Earl of Gainsborough in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Charles Middleton, Bt. Military Peerage–Navy.[note 1]

Baron Erskine 10 February 1806 Held by the Earl of Buchan in the Peerage of Scotland since 1960
The Rt Hon. Thomas Erskine, PC, MP[note 19] Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain.

Baron Monteagle 20 February 1806 Kingdom of Ireland John Browne, Marquess of Sligo

Baron Ardrossan 21 February 1806 Kingdom of Scotland Hugh Montgomerie, Earl of Eglinton[note 2]

Baron Granard 24 February 1806 Kingdom of Ireland George Forbes, Earl of Granard

Baron Ailsa 12 November 1806 Marquess of Ailsa in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Kingdom of Scotland Archibald Kennedy, Earl of Cassilis[note 2]

Baron Manners 20 April 1807 Sir Thomas Manners-Sutton[note 20] Incumbent Lord High Chancellor of Ireland.

Baron Hopetoun 3 February 1809 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Kingdom of Scotland James Hope-Johnstone, Earl of Hopetoun[note 21] [note 1]

Baron Niddry 17 May 1814 Marquess of Linlithgow in the Peerage of the United Kingdom The Prince Regent
on behalf of King George III
Sir John Hope[note 22] Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Combermere 17 May 1814 Viscount Combermere in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Stapleton Cotton, Bt. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Exmouth 1 June 1814 Viscount Exmouth in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
Sir Edward Pellew, Bt. Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Stewart 1 July 1814 Held by the Marquess of Londonderry in the Peerage of Ireland since 1822
Sir Charles Stewart, MP[note 23] Incumbent Ambassador to Austria.

Baron Trench 4 August 1815 Kingdom of Ireland Richard Trench, Earl of Clancarty Incumbent Ambassador to the Netherlands.

Baron Meldrum 11 August 1815 Kingdom of Scotland George Gordon, Earl of Aboyne[note 2]

Baron Grinstead 11 August 1815 Kingdom of Ireland John Cole, Earl of Enniskillen

Baron Foxford 11 August 1815 Kingdom of Ireland Edmund Pery, Earl of Limerick

Baron Churchill 11 August 1815 Lord Francis Spencer, MP[note 24] Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Harris 11 August 1815 George Harris, Esq. Military Peerage–Army.

Baron Hill 16 January 1816 Viscount Hill in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom Rowland Hill, Baron Hill Military Peerage–Army.[note 1]

Baron Ker of Kersehugh 17 July 1821 Kingdom of Scotland William Kerr, Marquess of Lothian[note 2] King George IV

Baron Minster 17 July 1821 Kingdom of Ireland Henry Conyngham, Marquess Conyngham Incumbent Lord Steward of the Household.

Baron Wemyss 17 July 1821 Kingdom of Scotland Francis Douglas, Earl of March, also held with the Earl of Wemyss since 1826.

Baron Silchester 17 July 1821 Kingdom of Ireland Thomas Pakenham, Earl of Longford

Baron Oriel 17 July 1821 Held by the Viscount Ferrard in the Peerage of Ireland since 1826, and Viscount Massereene since 1843
The Rt Hon. John Foster, PC, PC (Ire), MP Former Speaker of the House of Commons of Ireland.

Baron Ravensworth 17 July 1821 Sir Thomas Liddell, Bt. Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Delamere 17 July 1821 Thomas Cholmondeley, Esq. Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Forester 17 July 1821 Cecil Weld-Forester, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Rayleigh 18 July 1821 Lady Charlotte Strutt Wife of Joseph Strutt, MP.[note 1]

Baron Gifford 30 January 1824 The Rt Hon. Sir Robert Gifford, PC, MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Baron Wigan 5 July 1826 Kingdom of Scotland James Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres, MP, also held with the Earl of Crawford since 1848.

Baron Ranfurly 6 July 1826 Kingdom of Ireland Thomas Knox, Viscount Northland

Baron Wharncliffe 12 July 1826 Earl of Wharncliffe in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
James Stuart-Wortley, Esq[note 25] Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Feversham 14 July 1826 Charles Duncombe, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Seaford 15 July 1826 Charles Ellis, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Plunket 1 May 1827 The Rt Hon. William Plunket, PC (Ire), MP Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas for Ireland.

Baron Cowley 21 January 1828 Earl Cowley in the Peerage of United Kingdom
The Rt Hon. Sir Henry Wellesley[note 26] Incumbent Ambassador to Austria.

Baron Heytesbury 23 January 1828 The Rt Hon. Sir William à Court, Bt., PC Incumbent Ambassador to Russia.

Baron Rosebery 26 January 1828 Kingdom of Scotland Archibald Primrose, Earl of Rosebery[note 2]

Baron Clanwilliam 28 January 1828 Kingdom of Ireland Richard Meade, Earl of Clanwilliam Former Minister of Prussia.

Baron Durham 29 January 1828 Earl of Durham in the Peerage of the United Kingdom
John Lambton, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.

Baron Skelmersdale 30 January 1828 Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, Esq, MP Former Member of Parliament for the Tory Party.

Baron Wynford 5 June 1829 The Rt Hon. Sir William Best, PC Incumbent Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas.

Baron Kilmarnock 17 June 1831 Kingdom of Scotland William Hay, Earl of Erroll[note 2] [note 27] King William IV

Baron Kenlis 10 September 1831 Kingdom of Ireland Thomas Taylour, Marquess of Headfort

Baron Chaworth 10 September 1831 Kingdom of Ireland John Brabazon, Earl of Meath

Baron Oakley 10 September 1831 Held by the Earl Cadogan in the Peerage of Great Britain since 1832
George Cadogan, Esq.[note 28] Military Peerage–Navy.

Baron Poltimore 10 September 1831 Sir George Bampfylde, Bt.

Baron Mostyn 10 September 1831 Sir Edward Lloyd Bt., MP Former Member of Parliament for the Whig Party.