Earldom of Liverpool
Coronet of a British Earl.svg

Foljambe E of Liverpool.svg

Blazon

Arms: Sable a Bend between six Escallops Or, and as an honourable augmentation (granted Aug 1906) on the bend in chief on an Escutcheon Vert a Key surmounted by a Baton in saltire Or. Crests: Centre: On a Chapeau Gules, turned up Ermine, a Lion rampant Gules, charged on the shoulder with a Bezant, thereon an Eagle displayed Sable, and resting the dexter hind paw on a Plate, charged with a Bend Azure, thereon three Garbs Or, and surmounted by an Escutcheon Argent, charged with an Eagle displayed Sable, charged on the breast with a Fleur-de-lis Or, the Lion crowned gold, and supporting with the forepaws a Man-of War's Church Pennant proper (Honourable Augmentation). Dexter: a Seaweed Rock proper, thereon a Heraldic Sea-Lion sejant Azure, resting the dexter paw on an Escutcheon per Fess wavy Argent and Azure, in chief a Cormorant Sable, beaked and legged Gules, holding in the beak a Branch of Seaweed (called laver) inverted Vert, and in base a Hawk, wings elevated and addorsed Argent. Sinister: a Man's Leg unarmed excepting the Sper, couped at the thigh, quarterly Or and Sable, spurred Gold. Supporters: On either side, a Griffin, wings elevated Or, beaked, membered, ducally gorged, and on the wing three Fleurs-de-lis, one and two, all Azure, the dexter charged on the breast with a Torteau, thereon a Cross-Crosslet fitchée Argent (Badge of Howard); and the sinister charged on the breast with a Pellet, thereon a Stag's Head caboshed Argent (Badge of Cavendish).

Creation date22 December 1905
CreationSecond
MonarchKing Edward VII
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
Present holderEdward Foljamble, 5th Earl of Liverpool
Heir apparentLuke Foljambe, Viscount Hawkesbury
Remainder toHeirs male of the body, lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesViscount Hawkesbury
Baron Hawkesbury
StatusExtant
MottoOver centre crest: BYDD DDIYS GOG (Be steadfast)
Over dexter crest: DEMOVRES FERME (Be fast)
Over sinister crest: BEE FAST
Under the arms: Soyes ferme (Be steadfast)

Earl of Liverpool is a title that has been created twice in British history. The first time was in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1796 for Charles Jenkinson, 1st Baron Hawkesbury,[1] a favourite of King George III (see Jenkinson baronets for earlier history of the family). He had already been made Baron Hawkesbury, of Hawkesbury in the County of Gloucester, in 1786,[2] and succeeded as the seventh Baronet of Walcot and Hawkesbury in 1790. His eldest son, the second Earl, served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1812 to 1827. The peerages became extinct in 1851 on the death of the latter's half-brother, the third Earl, while the baronetcy was inherited by a cousin (see Jenkinson baronets).

The earldom was revived in 1905 in favour of the Liberal politician Cecil Foljambe, 1st Baron Hawkesbury,[3] son of George Foljambe and his second wife Lady Selina Charlotte Jenkinson, daughter of the third Earl of the first creation. He was made Viscount Hawkesbury, of Kirkham in the County of York and of Mansfield in the County of Nottingham, at the same time, and had already been created Baron Hawkesbury, of Haselbech in the County of Northampton and of Ollerton, Sherwood Forest, in the County of Nottingham, in 1893.[4] His eldest son, the second Earl, served as Governor-General of New Zealand between 1912 and 1920. As of 2019, the titles are held by the latter's great-nephew, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his great-uncle, the fifth son of the first Earl, in 1969. He is the posthumous son of Captain Peter George William Savile Foljambe (1919–1944), who was killed in action in the Second World War, son of the Hon. Bertram Marmaduke Osbert Savile Foljambe (1891–1955), sixth son of the first Earl. Lord Liverpool is one of the ninety elected hereditary peers that remain in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sits on the Conservative benches.

Family estate and North Yorkshire roles

The 4th Earl was Inspector of Driffield Division of the police's East Riding Special Constabulary, 1926–1945. He was returned by the people to Norton Rural District in Yorkshire from 1927 to 1947.[5] He had his main home published as Inverey, 11 West Park Road, Cupar, Fife, Scotland.[5]

Earl of Liverpool, first creation

Arms of the Earls of Liverpool (1st creation).
Arms of the Earls of Liverpool (1st creation).

Baron Hawkesbury, first creation (1786)

Further information: Jenkinson baronets

Earl of Liverpool (1796)

Earl of Liverpool, second creation

Baron Hawkesbury, second creation (1893)

Earl of Liverpool (1905)

The heir apparent is the latter's son, Luke Marmaduke Peter Savile Foljambe, Viscount Hawkesbury (born 1972).[6][7]

Male-line family tree

Male-line family tree, Barons Hawkesbury, Viscounts Hawkesbury, and Earls of Liverpool (both creations).
Baron Hawkesbury
Viscount Hawkesbury
Earl of Liverpool
(first creation)
Charles Jenkinson
1st Earl of Liverpool

1729–1808
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Earl of Liverpool

Prime Minister of
the United Kingdom

1770–1828
Charles Jenkinson
3rd Earl of Liverpool

1784–1851
Barony, viscountcy
and earldom extinct
George Foljambe
1800–1869
Lady Selina Jenkinson
1812–1883
Baron Hawkesbury
Viscount Hawkesbury
Earl of Liverpool
(second creation)
Cecil Foljambe
1st Earl of Liverpool

1846–1907
Arthur Foljambe
2nd Earl of Liverpool

1870–1941
Frederick Foljambe
1871–1871
Gerald Foljambe
3rd Earl of Liverpool

1878–1962
Major Hon.
Josceline Foljambe
1882–1916
Robert Foljambe
4th Earl of Liverpool

1887–1969
Hon.
Bertram Foljambe
1891–1955
Capt.
Peter Foljambe
1919–1944
Edward Foljambe
5th Earl of Liverpool

born 1944
Luke Foljambe
Viscount Hawkesbury
born 1972

See also

References

  1. ^ "No. 13896". The London Gazette. 28 May 1796. p. 516.
  2. ^ "No. 12775". The London Gazette. 8 August 1786. p. 351.
  3. ^ "No. 27866". The London Gazette. 22 December 1905. pp. 9172–9173.
  4. ^ "No. 26415". The London Gazette. 23 June 1893. p. 3570.
  5. ^ a b "Liverpool, 4th Earl of, (Robert Anthony Edward St Andrew Savile Foljambe) (3 April 1887–13 March 1969)." WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO. 1 December 2007; Accessed 1 August 2020. https://www.ukwhoswho.com/view/10.1093/ww/9780199540891.001.0001/ww-9780199540884-e-53656.
  6. ^ "Viscount Hawkesbury and Miss K.F. Davis". Telegraph announcements.
  7. ^ "Hawkesbury/Davis marriage". Peerage News.