Earldom of Cromer


Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Azure, a Fess Or, in chief a Bear’s Head proper, muzzled and ringed Gold (Baring); 2nd & 3rd, Gules, a Cross-Pattée fitchée Or, between three fish haurient Argent, within an orle of eight Cross-Crosslets Or. Crest: A Mullet Erminois, between two wings Argent. Supporters: Dexter: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar chequy Argent and Azure, Sinister: a Bear proper, muzzled Gold, gorged with a Collar gemel Azure, both and charged on the shoulder with an Escallop Or.

Creation date8 August 1901
Created byKing Edward VII
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderEvelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer
Present holderEvelyn Baring, 4th Earl of Cromer
Heir apparentAlexander Baring, Viscount Errington
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body
Subsidiary titlesViscount Cromer
Viscount Errington
Baron Cromer
(By probity and industry)

Earl of Cromer is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, held by members of the British branch of the Anglo-German Baring banking family.

It was created in 1901 for Evelyn Baring, 1st Viscount Cromer, long time British Consul-General in Egypt. He had already been created Baron Cromer, of Cromer in the County of Norfolk, in 1892[1] and Viscount Cromer in 1899.[2] At the time of his elevation to an Earl on 8 August 1901, he was also awarded the title Viscount Errington, of Hexham in Northumberland.[3] These titles are also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

The first Lord Cromer was the son of Henry Baring, third son of Sir Francis Baring, 1st Baronet. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl, a diplomat and civil servant. His son, the third Earl, was also a diplomat and served as British Ambassador to the United States between 1971 and 1974. In 2010 the titles are held by the latter's son, the fourth Earl, who succeeded in 1991.

Evelyn Baring, 1st Baron Howick of Glendale, was the third son of the first Earl.

The family seat is Drayton Court, near Drayton, Somerset.[citation needed]

Baron Cromer (1892)

Viscount Cromer (1899)

Earl of Cromer (1901)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son, Alexander Rowland Harmsworth Baring, Viscount Errington (born 1994).


Family tree

See also


  1. ^ "No. 26298". The London Gazette. 17 June 1892. p. 3513.
  2. ^ "No. 27047". The London Gazette. 31 January 1899. p. 602.
  3. ^ "No. 27344". The London Gazette. 9 August 1901. p. 5257.