Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Limerick
Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Quarterly Gules and Or, on a Bend Argent, three Lions passant Sable (for Pery); 2nd & 3rd, Per chevron engrailed Or and Sable, three Pellets in chief, and in base a Stag trippant Or (for Hartstonge). Crests: 1st, A Hind’s Head erased proper ( for Pery); 2nd, A Demi-Saracen supporting on the dexter shoulder a Sword, the point resting on the palm of his hand, the sinister arm extended holding a Battle-Axe, all proper (for Hartstonge). Supporters: Dexter: A Lion Ermine; Sinister: A Fawn proper, ducally collared and chained Or.
Creation date1 January 1803
CreationSecond
Created byGeorge III
PeeragePeerage of Ireland
First holderEdmund Pery, 1st Viscount Limerick
Present holderEdmund, 7th Earl of Limerick
Heir apparentFelix, Viscount Glentworth
Subsidiary titlesViscount Limerick
Baron Glentworth
Baron Foxford (United Kingdom)
StatusExtant
Former seat(s)Dromore Castle
MottoVIRTUTE NON ASTUTIA
(By courage, not by craft)
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Image of the arms is unavailable
Arms: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, Gules, three Lions passant Or, supporting with the dexter forepaw a Helmet close Argent, garnished Gold (Dongan); 2nd & 3rd, Azure, six Plates, three, two and one, on a Chief Or, a Demi-Lion Gules (Dungan). Crest: A Lion passant Or, supporting with the dexter forepaw a Helmet close Argent, garnished Gold. Supporters: On either side a Lion Argent, gouttée-de-sang, charged on the shoulder with a Pellet.
Creation date2 January 1686
CreationFirst
Created byJames II
PeeragePeerage of Ireland
First holderWilliam Dongan, 1st Earl of Limerick
Last holderThomas Dongan, 2nd Earl of Limerick
Subsidiary titlesViscount Dungan
Baronet ‘of Castletown’
StatusExtinct
Extinction date14 December 1715
Thomas Dongan, 2nd Earl of Limerick.
Thomas Dongan,
2nd Earl of Limerick.

Earl of Limerick is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of Ireland, associated first with the Dongan family, then with the Pery family.

First creation

The earldom was created for the first time in 1686 for Sir William Dongan, 4th Baronet, with remainder, failing male issue of his own, to his brothers Robert, Michael and Thomas and the heirs male of their bodies. He had been made Viscount Dungan, of Clane in the County of Kildare in 1661,[1] also in the Peerage of Ireland and with similar remainder. His only son Walter Dungan, Viscount Dungan, was killed at the Battle of the Boyne and Lord Limerick was succeeded according to the special remainders (and normally in the baronetcy) by his brother Thomas Dongan, the second Earl. He was Governor of New York from 1683 to 1688. All three titles became extinct on his death in 1715. The Dungan Baronetcy, of Castletown in the County of Kildare, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland in 1623 for Walter Dungan. He was the eldest son of John Dongan or Dungan (died 1592), originally of Fishamble Street, Dublin and his wife Margaret Forster. John Dongan was a civil servant who became a figure of some importance in the Irish Government, and was rich enough in later life to acquire substantial estates in County Kildare.[2]

Second creation

The title was created for the second time in 1803 in favour of Edmund Pery, 1st Viscount Limerick. He was the son of the Right Reverend William Pery, Bishop of Limerick from 1784 to 1794. In 1790 the latter was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Glentworth, of Mallow in the County of Cork.[3] He was succeeded by his only son, the second Baron. He represented Limerick City in the Irish House of Commons and was a supporter of the Union with Great Britain. On 29 December 1800 he was created Viscount Limerick, of the City of Limerick,[4] and on 11 February 1803 he was further honoured when he was made Earl of Limerick, of the County of Limerick.[5] Both titles were in the Peerage of Ireland. Lord Limerick sat in the House of Lords as one of the 28 original Irish Representative Peers from 1800 to 1844. In 1815 he was also created Baron Foxford, of Stackpole Court in the County of Limerick, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, giving him a permanent seat in the Lords.[6] His great-grandson, the third Earl, was a Conservative and Unionist politician and served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1889 to 1892 and from 1895 to 1896. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the fourth Earl. He died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his half-brother, the fifth Earl. He was a soldier and also served as President of the Medical Research Council between 1952 and 1960. His eldest son, the sixth Earl, was a successful businessman. Lord Limerick also served as Under-Secretary of State of Trade from 1972 to 1974 in the Conservative administration of Edward Heath. As of 2014, the titles are held by his son, the seventh Earl, who succeeded in 2003.[citation needed]

Another member of the Pery family was Edmund Pery, 1st Viscount Pery, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons from 1771 to 1785. He was the elder brother of the first Baron Glentworth.[citation needed]

Some heirs to the earldom have used the title Viscount Glentworth as a courtesy title, although there is no such peerage.[citation needed]

The family seat was Dromore Castle, near Pallaskenry, County Limerick.[citation needed]

Dongan Baronets, of Castletown (1623)

Dongan family tomb, Tea Lane Graveyard, Celbridge
Dongan family tomb, Tea Lane Graveyard, Celbridge

Earls of Limerick, first creation (1686)

Barons Glentworth (1790)

Viscount Limerick (1800); Earls of Limerick, second creation (1803)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Felix Edmund Pery, Viscount Glentworth (born 1991).

Notes

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Earl of Limerick" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
  1. ^ "Report, 1840-1908". 1870.
  2. ^ Dungan, T. P. John Dongan of Dublin, an Elizabethan Gentleman (1988) The Journal of the Royal Socirty of Antiquaries in Ireland Vol, 118 p.101
  3. ^ "No. 13208". The London Gazette. 12 June 1790. p. 358.
  4. ^ "No. 15326". The London Gazette. 6 January 1801. p. 40.
  5. ^ "No. 15561". The London Gazette. 22 February 1803. p. 205.
  6. ^ "No. 17041". The London Gazette. 18 July 1815. p. 1459.

References