Earldom of Iveagh
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Iveagh
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Per saltire Gules and Azure a Lion rampant Or on a Chief Ermine a Dexter Hand couped at the wrist of the first, a Crescent for difference (for Guinness); 2nd and 3rd, Argent on a Fess between three Crescents Sable a Trefoil slipped Or (for Lee)[1]
Creation date30 September 1919
CreationFirst
MonarchKing George V
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderEdward Guinness, 1st Viscount Iveagh
Present holderEdward Guinness, 4th Earl of Iveagh
Heir apparentArthur Guinness, Viscount Elveden
Remainder tothe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesViscount Elveden
StatusExtant
Seat(s)Elveden Hall
MottoSpes mea in Deo ("My hope lies in God")

Earl of Iveagh[note 1] is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1919 for the businessman and philanthropist Edward Guinness, 1st Viscount Iveagh.[4] He was the third son of Sir Benjamin Guinness, 1st Baronet, of Ashford, and the great-grandson of Arthur Guinness, the founder of the Guinness brewery.[1]

Guinness had already been created a baronet, of Castle Knock in the County of Dublin, in 1885.[5] He was subsequently made Baron Iveagh, of Iveagh in the County of Down, in 1891,[6] then Viscount Iveagh, of Iveagh in the County of Down, in 1905,[7] and was made Viscount Elveden, of Elveden in the County of Suffolk, at the same time that he was given the earldom in 1919. All titles are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1]

As of 2015, the titles are held by his great-great-grandson, the fourth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1992.

The Conservative politician Walter Guinness, 1st Baron Moyne, was the third son of the first Earl.

The family seat is Elveden Hall, near Elveden, Suffolk, formerly residence of Duleep Singh, the last Maharaja of the Sikh Empire, purchased by the first earl in 1894.[8]

Earls of Iveagh (1919)

Created by George V
# Name Period Spouse Notes Other titles
1 Edward Guinness
(1847–1927)[1]
1919–1927 Adelaide Guinness Earl of Iveagh (1919)
Viscount Iveagh (1905)
Baron Iveagh (1891)
Baronet of Castle Knock (1895)
2 Rupert Guinness
(1874–1967)[9]
1927–1967 Lady Gwendolen Onslow Son Earl of Iveagh and Viscount Elveden (1919)
3 Benjamin Guinness
(1937–1992)[9]
1967–1992 Miranda Smiley Grandson
4 Edward Guinness
(1969–)[1]
1992– Clare Hazell Son

The heir apparent is the current Earl's son, Arthur Guinness, Viscount Elveden.

Arms

Coat of arms of Earl of Iveagh
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Earl of Iveagh
Coronet
A Coronet of an Earl
Crest
1st: A Boar passant quarterly Or and Gules; 2nd: On a Pillar Argent encircled by a Ducal Coronet Or an Eagle preying on a Bird's Leg erased proper
Escutcheon
Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Per saltire Gules and Azure a Lion rampant Or on a Chief Ermine a Dexter Hand couped at the wrist of the first, a crescent added for difference (for Guinness); 2nd and 3rd, Argent on a Fess between three Crescents Sable a Trefoil slipped Or (for Lee)
Supporters
On either side a Stag Gules collared gemel and attired Or each resting a hind hoof upon an Escutcheon Vert charged with a Lion rampant Or
Motto
Spes mea in Deo ("My hope lies in God")
Previous versions
Arms of Guinness, Baron Iveagh.svg

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Commonly pronounced /ˈvi/ EYE-vee—especially in Dublin—or /ˈvɑː/ EYE-vah.[2][3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 2066. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ Arthur Guinness and Dublin's Iveagh legacy. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  3. ^ Pronunciation of Surnames, from the book Enquire Within Upon Everything. 119th Edition, March 1939. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  4. ^ "No. 31610". The London Gazette. 21 October 1919. p. 12889.
  5. ^ "No. 25473". The London Gazette. 22 May 1885. p. 2420.
  6. ^ "No. 26126". The London Gazette. 20 January 1891. p. 360.
  7. ^ "No. 27865". The London Gazette. 19 December 1905. p. 9084.
  8. ^ Bryant, Julius (2003). Kenwood, Paintings in the Iveagh Bequest. Yale University Press. p. 370. ISBN 0300102062. Retrieved 2 August 2017.
  9. ^ a b Mosley 2003, p. 2067