Earldom of Balcarres
Coronet of a British Earl.svg

Arms of Lindsay, Earl of Balcarres.svg
Quarterly, 1st & 4th: Gules, a fess chequy argent and azure (for Clan Lindsay); 2nd & 3rd: Or a lion rampant gules surmounted of a bend sable (for Abernethy) within a bordure azure powdered with 14 stars or (for Lindsay of Balcarres)
Creation date9 January 1651[1]
MonarchCharles II
PeeragePeerage of Scotland
First holderAlexander Lindsay, 2nd Lord Balcarres
Present holderRobert Lindsay, 29th Earl of Crawford
Heir apparentAnthony Robert Lindsay, Lord Balniel
Remainder toThe 1st Earl's heirs male bearing the name Lindsay[2]
Subsidiary titlesLord Lindsay of Balcarres
Lord Lindsay of Balneil
StatusExtant
Seat(s)Balcarres House
MottoAstra castra, numen, lumen munimen ("The stars my camp, and God my light and strength")[1][3]

Earl of Balcarres is a title in the Peerage of Scotland, created in 1651 for Alexander Lindsay, 2nd Lord Balcarres. Since 1848, the title has been held jointly with the Earldom of Crawford, and the holder is also the hereditary clan chief of Clan Lindsay.[4]

The first earl's father was created Lord Lindsay of Balcarres on 27 June 1633. He was the grandson of the 9th Earl of Crawford.[2] The second Lord Lindsay succeeded his father in 1642. A prominent supporter of Charles I, he was further elevated as Earl of Balcarres and Lord Lindsay of Balneil in 1651. During the rule of Oliver Cromwell, the first earl died in exile in Breda in 1659.[1]

He was succeeded by Charles, his third but first surviving son, who in turn was succeeded by his younger brother, the third earl. In his youth, the third earl was a courtier of King Charles II after the restoration of the monarchy, but later became devoted to King James VII. He fled to Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye after the Glorious Revolution when it was discovered he was part of a plot to restore James to the English throne. He returned to Scotland around 1701 and was received at the court of Queen Anne. He was stripped of his annuity during the revolution, but not his titles.[1]

In January 1808, the ancient Earldom of Crawford, held by members of another branch of the Lindsay family since 1398, became dormant after the death of the George Lindsay-Crawford, 22nd Earl of Crawford. In 1843, James Lindsay, 7th Earl of Balcarres, put forward his claim, based on the research of his eldest son Alexander.[5] In 1848, the House of Lords allowed the claim. It was held that the seventh Earl's father, the sixth Earl, was the lawful (de jure) successor to the earldom of Crawford (though he did not claim it). Therefore, the sixth Earl of Balcarres was posthumously declared the twenty-third Earl of Crawford, and his son, the seventh Earl of Balcarres, became the twenty-fourth Earl of Crawford. Thereafter, the two earldoms have remained united.[1]

The family seat is Balcarres House, near Colinsburgh, Fife.

Lords Lindsay of Balcarres (1633)

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Earls of Balcarres (1651)

See Earl of Crawford for the remaining Earls of Balcarres

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Balfour Paul, James (1904). The Scots Peerage: Vol. I. Edinburgh : D. Douglas. pp. 510–519. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  2. ^ a b Mosley 2003, p. 952
  3. ^ Lindsay, Alex Will Crawford (1849). Lives of the Lindsays; or, a Memoir of the Houses of Crawford and Balcares: In three volumes. John Murray. p. 56. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  4. ^ Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 950. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  5. ^ Barker, Nicolas (1978) Bibliotheca Lindesiana: the Lives and Collections of Alexander William, 25th Earl of Crawford and 8th Earl of Balcarres, and James Ludovic, 26th Earl of Crawford and 9th Earl of Balcarres. London: for Presentation to the Roxburghe Club, and published by Bernard Quaritch
  6. ^ Rosalind K. Marshall, ‘Mackenzie, Anna , countess of Balcarres and countess of Argyll (c.1621–1707)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2006 accessed 29 Nov 2014

See also