Earldom of Balfour

Argent, on a Chevron engrailed between three Mullets Sable as many Otter's heads erased of the first.
Creation date5 May 1922[1]
Created byKing George V
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderArthur Balfour
Present holderRoderick Balfour, 5th Earl of Balfour
Heir presumptiveHon. Charles Balfour
Remainder toSpecial remainder[2]
Subsidiary titlesViscount Traprain
Seat(s)Burpham Lodge
Former seat(s)Whittingehame House[3]
MottoVIRTUS AD ÆTHERA TENDIT ("Virtue strives towards heaven")[1]

Earl of Balfour is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1922 for Conservative politician Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 1905 and Foreign Secretary from 1916 to 1919.[1]

Arthur Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour

The earldom was created with special remainder, failing male issue of his own, to:

  1. his younger brother, the Right Honourable Gerald William Balfour, and the heirs male of his body, failing which to
  2. his nephew Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour and the heirs male of his body, and failing which to
  3. his nephew Oswald Herbert Campbell Balfour and the heirs male of his body.

The latter two were the sons of his deceased youngest brother Colonel Eustace James Anthony Balfour. Balfour was made Viscount Traprain, of Whittingehame in the County of Haddington, at the same time as he was given the earldom. This title is also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom and was created with similar remainder.[1]

Balfour never married, and was succeeded according to the special remainders by his younger brother Gerald, the second Earl. He was also a Conservative politician and notably served as Chief Secretary for Ireland, as President of the Board of Trade and as President of the Local Government Board. This line of the family failed on the death of his grandson, the fourth Earl, in 2003. As of 2017 the titles are held by his second cousin once removed, the fifth Earl. He is the grandson of the aforementioned Francis Cecil Campbell Balfour, nephew of the first Earl.[1]

The family seat is Burpham Lodge, near Arundel, Sussex.

Earl of Balfour (1922)

The heir presumptive is the present holder's brother, the Hon.[a] Charles George Yule Balfour (born 1951).
The heir presumptive's heir apparent is his son, George Eustace Charles Balfour (born 1991).

Male-line family tree

Male-line family tree, Earls of Balfour.
James M. Balfour
Viscount Traprain
Earl of Balfour
Arthur Balfour
1st Earl of Balfour

Prime Minister
of the United Kingdom

Cecil C. Balfour
Francis M. Balfour
Gerald Balfour
2nd Earl of Balfour

Eustace Balfour
Robert Balfour
3rd Earl of Balfour

Lt. Col.
Francis Balfour
Gerald Balfour
4th Earl of Balfour

Andrew M. Balfour
Eustace Balfour
Roderick Balfour
5th Earl of Balfour

born 1948
Charles Balfour
born 1951
George Balfour
born 1991

Line of succession

Line of succession

See also

Notes and references


  1. ^ a b c The present holder's brother was allowed by a warrant of precedence from the Queen to use the style of Honourable, because their father would have held the peerage but for his predeceasing the previous holder.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 231–232. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ "No. 32691". The London Gazette. 5 May 1922. p. 3512.
  3. ^ "Across the Divide: A J Balfour and Keir Hardie in 1905". www.nrscotland.gov.uk. National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
  4. ^ "No. 57414". The London Gazette. 20 September 2004. p. 11832.