|Earl of Cranbrook|
|Creation date||22 August 1892|
|Peerage||Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|First holder||Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Earl of Cranbrook|
|Present holder||Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 5th Earl of Cranbrook|
|Heir apparent||John Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway|
|Remainder to||the 1st Earl's heirs male of the body|
|Subsidiary titles||Viscount Cranbrook|
|Motto||ARMÉ DE FOI HARDI |
(Armed with hardy faith)
Earl of Cranbrook, in the County of Kent, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The family seat is Great Glemham House, near Saxmundham, Suffolk.
It was created in 1892 for the prominent Conservative politician Gathorne Gathorne-Hardy, 1st Viscount Cranbrook. He notably held office as Home Secretary, Lord President of the Council, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for India. Gathorne-Hardy had already been created Viscount Cranbrook, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, in 1878, and was made Baron Medway, of Hemsted in the County of Kent, at the same time he was given the earldom. The latter title is used as a courtesy title for the Earl's eldest son and heir apparent.
Lord Cranbrook's eldest son, the second Earl, represented Rye, Mid Kent and Medway in the House of Commons as a Conservative.
John David Gathorne-Hardy, 4th Earl of Cranbrook (who was previously married to Bridget D'Oyly Carte). Married Fidelity Seebohm(4), (born in 1912, JP), on 26th July 1932 and had five children: Gathorne, 5th Earl of Cranbrook, 1933-; Hugh 1941-; Juliet 1934-; (Catherine) Sophia 1936-; Christina 1940-
As of 2010[update] the titles are held by the latter's great-grandson, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his father in 1978. He is a zoologist and environmental biologist, who was awarded the Royal Geographical Society's Founder's Gold Medal in 1995.
Hon. Alfred Gathorne-Hardy, third son of the first Earl, sat as a Member of Parliament for Canterbury and East Grinstead. Another member of the family was the writer Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy, a son of Hon. Anthony Gathorne-Hardy, youngest son of the third Earl.
The heir apparent is the present holder's son John Jason Gathorne-Hardy, Lord Medway (b. 1968).