Earl of Onslow
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
Arms of the Earl of Onslow
Arms of Onslow: Argent, a Fess Gules, between six Cornish Choughs proper. Crest: An Eagle Sable, preying on a Partridge proper. Supporters: Dexter: On either side a Falcon close proper, belled Or.
Creation date19 June 1801
MonarchKing George III
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderGeorge Onslow, 1st Earl of Onslow
Present holderRupert Onslow, 8th Earl of Onslow
Heir presumptiveAnthony Onslow
Subsidiary titlesViscount Cranley
Baron Onslow
Baron Cranley
Baronet ‘of West Clandon’
StatusExtant
MottoFestina Lente
("Be quick without impetuosity lit. "Hurry slowly")

Earl of Onslow, of Onslow in the County of Shropshire and of Clandon Park in the County of Surrey is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1801 for George Onslow, 4th Baron Onslow.

History

The Onslow family descends from Arthur Onslow, who represented Bramber, Sussex and Guildford in the House of Commons. He was the husband of Mary, daughter of Thomas Foote, Lord Mayor of London in 1649, who had been created a Baronet in 1660 (a title which became extinct on his death in 1687). In 1674, Onslow was himself created a Baronet in the Baronetage of England, with the precedence of 1660.

Onslow was succeeded by his son, the second Baronet. He was a prominent politician and served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1708 to 1710 and as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1713 to 1714. In 1716 he was raised to the Peerage of Great Britain as Baron Onslow, of Onslow in the County of Shropshire and of Clandon Park in the County of Surrey,[1] with remainder, failing male issue of his own, to his uncle Denzil Onslow, and afterwards, to the male heirs of his father. Lord Onslow was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He sat as Member of Parliament for Gatton, Chichester, Bletchingley and Surrey and served as Lord Lieutenant of Surrey. His son, the third Baron, represented Guildford in Parliament and served as Lord Lieutenant of Surrey. He was heirless on his death in 1776.

Lord Onslow was succeeded according to the special remainder by his second-cousin and heir male of his great-grandfather, who became the fourth Baron. He was the son of Arthur Onslow, Speaker of the House of Commons, elder son of Foot Onslow. He was Member of Parliament for Rye and Surrey and notably served as Treasurer of the Household and as Lord Lieutenant of Surrey. In May 1776, five months before succeeding in the barony of Onslow, he was raised to the Peerage of Great Britain in his own right as Baron Cranley, of Imber Court in the County of Surrey.[2] In 1801 he was further honoured when he was made Viscount Cranley, of Cranley in the County of Surrey, and Earl of Onslow, of Onslow in the County of Shropshire.[3] The latter titles were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. A grandson, André George Louis Onslow (1784–1853), was a noted composer, author of thirty string quartets and other works.

His son, the second Earl, represented Rye and Guildford in the House of Commons. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the third Earl. He died without surviving male issue and was succeeded by his great-nephew, the fourth Earl. He was the son George Augustus Cranley Onslow, son of the Hon. Thomas Cranley Onslow, second son of the second Earl. Lord Onslow was a prominent Conservative politician and served as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, as Under-Secretary of State for India and as President of the Board of Agriculture and was also Governor of New Zealand. His eldest son, the fifth Earl, was also a Conservative politician. He notably held office as Under-Secretary of State for War and as Paymaster-General during the 1920s.

He was succeeded by his son, the sixth Earl. He served in the Conservative administrations of Winston Churchill, Anthony Eden and Harold Macmillan as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords) for nine years. From 1971 to 2011, the titles were held by his son, the seventh Earl, who succeeded in 1971. The seventh Earl was one of the ninety elected hereditary peers who remained in the House of Lords after the passing of the House of Lords Act 1999, and sat like his ancestors on the Conservative benches. He is the only hereditary peer to have appeared as a panellist on Have I Got News For You. Upon his death on 14 May 2011,[4] he was succeeded by his son, now the eighth Earl, who inherited Clandon Park, the 1000-acre agricultural Parkland Estate in Surrey in January 2017.

Another member of the Onslow family was the Conservative politician Cranley Onslow. He was a descendant of George Onslow, eldest son of Lieutenant-General Richard Onslow, nephew of the first Baron and uncle of the first Earl. Also, Admiral Sir Richard Onslow, 1st Baronet, was the second son of Lieutenant-General Richard Onslow. See Onslow baronets of Althain for more information on this branch of the family.

The family seat of the Earls of Onslow is Clandon Park in Surrey. Although Clandon House and gardens were gifted and endowed by the Onslow family to the National Trust in 1955, the surrounding agricultural estate called Clandon Park, covering over 1,000 acres and including areas of Grade II-listed parkland, remains in the ownership of The Earl and Countess of Onslow.

The eighth Earl married Leigh Jones-Fenleigh, at Oakham on 10 September 1999 and they have one daughter.

The family's coat of arms is: Argent a fess gules between six Cornish choughs proper. The supporters are two falcons, proper, belled or. The crest is made up of an eagle sable preying on a partridge or. The motto is "FESTINA LENTE" (Latin: Make haste slowly), although "SEMPER FIDELIS" (Always faithful) is also used.[5] The coat of arms is the basis of the badge of Onslow St Audreys School in Hatfield, Hertfordshire.[6]

Onslow baronets (1674)

Barons Onslow (1716)

Title passing from father to son, except where noted.

Earls of Onslow (1801)

Title passing from father to son, except where noted.

The heir presumptive is his father's fourth cousin, Anthony Ernest Edward Onslow (born 1955), a descendant of the 2nd Earl.

Male-line family tree

Male-line family tree, Onslow baronets, Barons Onslow, and Earls of Onslow.
Sir Arthur Onslow
1st Baronet

1622–1688
Baron Onslow
Richard Onslow
1st Baron Onslow

2nd Baronet
1654–1717
Foot Onslow
1655–1710
Thomas Onslow
2nd Baron Onslow

1679–1740
Rt Hon.
Arthur Onslow
1691–1768
Baron Cranley
Earl of Onslow
Richard Onslow
3rd Baron Onslow

1715–1776
George Onslow
1st Earl of Onslow

4th Baron Onslow
1st Baron Cranley
1731–1814
Thomas Onslow
2nd Earl of Onslow

1754–1827
Arthur Onslow
3rd Earl of Onslow

1777–1870
Hon.
Thomas Onslow
1778–1861
Arthur Onslow
Viscount Cranley

1820–1856
George Onslow
1813–1855
Guildford Onslow
1814–1882
Lt Col.
Arthur Onslow
1815–1897
William Onslow
4th Earl of Onslow

1853–1911
Charles Mainwaring-
Ellerker-Onslow
1848–1927
Arthur D. Onslow
1856–1920
Arthur E. Onslow
1862–1927
Richard Onslow
5th Earl of Onslow

1876–1945
Hon.
Victor Onslow
1890–1922
Arthur Mainwaring-
Ellerker-Onslow
1888–1943
Vivian Onslow
1888–1979
William Onslow
6th Earl of Onslow

1913–1971
Arthur Onslow
1920–?
Michael Onslow
7th Earl of Onslow

1938–2011
Robert Onslow
1952–1990
Anthony Onslow
born 1955
Rupert Onslow
8th Earl of Onslow

born 1967

Line of succession

Line of succession

[7]

Notes

  1. ^ "No. 5445". The London Gazette. 26 June 1716. pp. 1–2.
  2. ^ "No. 11665". The London Gazette. 11 May 1776. p. 2.
  3. ^ "No. 15375". The London Gazette. 13 June 1801. p. 659.
  4. ^ "Hereditary peer the Earl of Onslow dies". BBC News. 17 May 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  5. ^ Townend, Peter, ed. (1963). Burke's Peerage (103rd ed.). Burke's Peerage Limited. p. 1865.
  6. ^ "Welcome to Onslow St Audrey's School".
  7. ^ Morris, Susan; Bosberry-Scott, Wendy; Belfield, Gervase, eds. (2019). "Onslow". Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Vol. 1 (150th ed.). London: Debrett's Ltd. pp. 3895–3905. ISBN 978-1-999767-0-5-1.

References