In philosophy, correlative-based fallacies are informal fallacies based on correlative conjunctions.
A correlative conjunction is a relationship between two statements where one must be false and the other true. In formal logic this is known as the exclusive or relationship; traditionally, terms between which this relationship exists have been called contradictories.
In the following example, statement b explicitly negates statement a:
Statements can also be mutually exclusive, without explicitly negating each other as in the following example:
Fallacies based on correlatives include: