|Demographics of Bhutan|
|Population||867,775 (2022 est.)|
|Growth rate||0.97% (2022 est.)|
|Birth rate||15.94 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Death rate||6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|Life expectancy||72.31 years|
|• male||71.19 years|
|• female||73.49 years|
|Fertility rate||1.79 children born/woman (2022 est.)|
|Infant mortality rate||27.04 deaths/1,000 live births|
|Net migration rate||0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)|
|65 and over||6.6%|
|Total||1.08 male(s)/female (2022 est.)|
|At birth||1.05 male(s)/female|
|Under 15||1.05 male(s)/female|
|65 and over||0.97 male(s)/female|
This is a demography of the population of Bhutan including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The Royal Government of Bhutan listed the country's population as 752,700 in 2003.
The Bhutanese numbers can be reconstructed from their 9th Five Year Plan documents, which lists the exact number of households in each gewog. If the Bhutanese refugee advocate groups are correct, a spot check of a southern gewog should show a massive under-reporting of population.
The CIA World Fact book number has since been adjusted with a note of former inconsistencies, and attributes the difference to the government not including the "first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005". In the 1970s Bhutan was one of the most isolated countries in the world and nobody knew how many people lived there since no census had ever been taken.
The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
Below is a table of Bhutan vital statistics since 1950 published by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
|Period||Live births per year||Deaths per year||Natural change per year||CBR1||CDR1||NC1||TFR1||IMR1|
|1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births|
 (Government estimates) 
|Year||Population||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
Life expectancy at birth is 70.2 years, which is an increase from 66.3 years in 2005. Women (71.7 years) live longer than men (68.8).
In 2018, Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay announced that the average life expectancy at birth has surpassed 70.
Main article: Ethnic groups in Bhutan
Main article: Religion in Bhutan
Main article: Languages of Bhutan