Durand, Michigan
City of Durand
Nickname(s): 
Railroad City, USA
Location within Shiawassee County
Durand
Durand
Location within the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°54′50″N 83°59′07″W / 42.91389°N 83.98528°W / 42.91389; -83.98528Coordinates: 42°54′50″N 83°59′07″W / 42.91389°N 83.98528°W / 42.91389; -83.98528
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyShiawassee
Platted1836
Incorporated1887 (village)
1932 (city)
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorDeborah Doyle
 • ManagerColleen O'Toole
Area
 • Total1.95 sq mi (5.04 km2)
 • Land1.95 sq mi (5.04 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
794 ft (242 m)
Population
 • Total3,446
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
3,290
 • Density1,691.52/sq mi (653.21/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
48429
Area code(s)989
FIPS code26-23500[4]
GNIS feature ID0625016[5]
WebsiteOfficial website

Durand is a city in Shiawassee County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 3,446 at the 2010 census.[6] Nicknamed "Railroad City, USA", it is best known for its large train station which was a major hub for the Grand Trunk Western and Ann Arbor railroads during most of the 20th century, and is currently served by Amtrak. Additionally, several freight carriers use a rail yard in the city, which is accessible from all directions.

History

Durand was originally called Vernon Center, and under the latter name was platted in 1836 and named from its location in Vernon Township.[7] The present name is for congressman George Durand of Flint, Michigan.[8][9] Durand was incorporated as a village in 1887 and as a city in 1932.[10]

Geography

External audio
audio icon The American Town: A Self-Portrait: Durand, Michigan, 1967, 29:50, American Archive of Public Broadcasting[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.11 square miles (5.46 km2), of which 2.10 square miles (5.44 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) (0.47%) is water.[6]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880210
189025521.4%
19002,134736.9%
19102,3158.5%
19202,67215.4%
19303,08115.3%
19403,1271.5%
19503,1942.1%
19603,3123.7%
19703,67811.1%
19804,20614.4%
19904,2831.8%
20003,933−8.2%
20103,446−12.4%
2019 (est.)3,290[3]−4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,446 people, 1,350 households, and 852 families living in the city. The population density was 1,641.0 inhabitants per square mile (633.6/km2). There were 1,575 housing units at an average density of 750.0 per square mile (289.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.6% African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.

There were 1,350 households, of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 25.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,933 people, 1,481 households, and 1,008 families living in the city. The population density was 1,999.6 per square mile (770.8/km2). There were 1,561 housing units at an average density of 793.6 per square mile (305.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.95% White, 0.08% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.56% from other races, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.

There were 1,481 households, out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.2% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,563, and the median income for a family was $43,306. Males had a median income of $42,716 versus $22,033 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,273. About 8.9% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure

Highways

Railways

Railroads have always played a major role in Durand's history and economy. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides daily service on the Blue Water route between Chicago and Port Huron, Michigan. Amtrak trains stop at the historic Durand Union Station which is located at the junction of major east/west and north/south rail lines.

Freight railroads operating in Durand include Canadian National Railway (CN), Huron and Eastern Railway (HESR), and Great Lakes Central Railroad (GLC).

References

Notes

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Michigan: 2010 Population and Housing Unit Counts 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. September 2012. p. 42 Michigan. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Ghost towns and post offices of Shiawassee County". The Argus-Press. September 15, 2000. p. 3. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Profile for Durand, Michigan, MI". ePodunk. Retrieved August 26, 2012.
  9. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 111.
  10. ^ Romig 1986, p. 166.
  11. ^ "American Town, The: A Self-Portrait; Durand, Michigan4". American Archive of Public Broadcasting (WGBH and the Library of Congress), Boston, MA and Washington, DC. WUOM, University of Michigan. 1967-01-17. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

Sources