This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (December 2017) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Système scolaire burundais]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Système scolaire burundais)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Carolus-Magnus-School in Burundi
Carolus-Magnus-School in Burundi

Education is compulsory in Burundi for the six years between the ages of seven and 13.[1] Theoretically, primary education is free at point of use.[2]

Primary education in Burundi spans six grades between the ages of 7 and 13. The next educational tier, known as Lower Secondary, comprises an additional four grades. Upper Secondary includes three further grades.[2] Students sit exams in their last year of primary school (Certificat de fin d'études primaires) as well as examinations in their tenth year (Certificat du tronc commun) to determine their eligibility for Upper Secondary. Finally, a final examination is set in the final year of Upper Secondary known as the Diploma for the End of Secondary Study (Diplôme de fin d'études secondaires).[2]

In 2015, the gross primary enrollment rate for children (aged 8-10 ) was 61 percent.[3] 26 percent of children in the same age group combined education with paid work.[3] There was a 66 percent completion rate for primary education.[3] The student–teacher ratio in Burundi in 2011 was 29.4:1.[2]

General levels of education in Burundi are low. In 2011, the country had an estimated literacy rate of approximately 60 percent.[1] The Burundian government is a signatory to various international protocols against child labour.[3] In practice, the reality of the Burundian education system is often different from its legal structure. The fighting during the Burundian Civil War (1993–2006) did particular damage to the education system. Around 25 percent of all the country's schools were destroyed and many teachers were killed or became internally displaced.[1] Over 6,000 Burundian children also live in refugee camps outside Burundi.[3]


  1. ^ a b c Stoltz, Elizabeth (2011). "Education in Burundi". Global Concerns Classroom. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Burundi". FHI 360. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports (Burundi)". United States Department of Labor. Retrieved 26 November 2016.