.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (August 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 6,189 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Éducation au Burkina Faso]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|fr|Éducation au Burkina Faso)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Primary school in Gando, Burkina Faso

Education in Burkina Faso is structured in much the same way as in the rest of the world: primary, secondary, and higher education. As of 2008, despite efforts to improve education, the country had the lowest adult literacy rate in the world (25.3%).[1]

The Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI)[2] finds that Burkina Faso is fulfilling only 61.2% of what it should be fulfilling for the right to education based on the country's level of income.[3] HRMI breaks down the right to education by looking at the rights to both primary education and secondary education. While taking into consideration Burkina Faso's income level, the nation is achieving 78.0% of what should be possible based on its resources (income) for primary education but only 44.3% for secondary education.[4]

Primary and secondary

The Education Act makes schooling compulsory from age 6 to 16.[5] The official language for education is French.

By law, education is free, but the government does not have adequate resources to provide universal free primary education.[5] Children are required to pay for school supplies, and communities are frequently responsible for constructing primary school buildings and teachers’ housing.[5] Children from poor families can continue to receive tuition-free education through junior high and high school, if their grades qualify.[5]

In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 46 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 36 percent.[5] Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance.[5] In 1998, 26.5 percent of children ages 6 to 14 years were attending school.[5] As of 2001, 66 percent of children who started primary school were likely to reach grade 5.[5]

School conditions are usually reasonable with very basic equipment. Legally the size limit for one class is 65 students, but in many rural areas classes are much bigger because of the lack of schools. If a school is full, children may get turned away and will have to try again the next year.

There is an International School of Ouagadougou open to foreign nationals and Burkinabè.

School session

A week runs from Monday to Saturday, with the schools closed on Thursday. Burkina Faso has a national curriculum. The subjects taught include Production, where children may learn to plant maize and trees or keep chickens, on school land. They have a break between noon and 3pm.

Higher education

University of Ouagadougou

As of 2010 there were three main public universities in Burkina Faso: The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, the University of Koudougou and the University of Ouagadougou. The first private higher education institution was established in 1992 and the Université Libre de Ouagadougou[6] began operations in 2000. The Université Catholique de l'Afrique de l'Ouest opened its Burkina campus in Bobo-Dioulasso in 2000 with a food and agriculture speciality, and the Catholic Université Saint-Thomas-d'Aquin [fr] in 2004 in Ouagadougou. Supervision rates are different from one university to another. At the University of Ouagadougou there is one lecturer for every 24 students, while at The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso they have one lecturer for every three students.

Higher education provision is highly centralized in Ouagadougou. In 2010/2011 the University of Ouagadougou had around 40,000 students (83% of the national population of university students), the University of Koudougou had 5,600 students, and the Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso had 2,600.[7] The private universities each had less than 1,000 students.[7]

The University of Ouagadougou closed its doors for two months in 2008, following student protests about working conditions and non-payment of their grants.[8] One outcome was the creation of University of Ouagadougou II[9] 20km away at Saaba, to relieve pressure on overcrowded facilities.[10][circular reference] It now teaches the law, politics, economics and management students formerly at the main campus and students receive University of Ouagadougou degrees. There are also online classes through the Institut de Formation Ouverte à Distance (IFOAD).

In 2014, University of Ouagadougou received funding from OPEC for new facilities.[11] None of the country's universities are ranked in higher education listings like the Time Higher World Universities, probably because the language of instruction is French, lecturers do not have time for much research, there is reliance on international aid to support some aspects of public education, and class sizes at the main public university are large.[12] Nonetheless, there are opportunities to study right through to doctoral level.


The University Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso are composed of five levels of decision making: the board of directors, the university assembly, the university council, institutions, and departments.[citation needed]

Influencing factors


  1. ^ "UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008" (PDF). January 2008. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011. Retrieved 2009-03-26.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link). Palgrave Macmillan. 2007. ISBN 978-0-230-54704-9
  2. ^ "Human Rights Measurement Initiative – The first global initiative to track the human rights performance of countries". humanrightsmeasurement.org. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
  3. ^ "Burkina Faso - HRMI Rights Tracker". rightstracker.org. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
  4. ^ "Burkina Faso - HRMI Rights Tracker". rightstracker.org. Retrieved 2022-03-13.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Burkina Faso". 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor Archived January 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2006). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ "Université Libre du Burkina – L'université privée de Ouagadougou".
  7. ^ a b Government of France, MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES ET EUROPEENNES, AMBASSADE DE FRANCE AU BURKINA FASO, FICHE BURKINA FASO (French) "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2016-11-24.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "BURKINA FASO: Ouagadougou University reopens - University World News". www.universityworldnews.com. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Université Ouaga II". www.univ-ouaga2.bf. Archived from the original on 19 November 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  10. ^ Université Ouaga II [fr]
  11. ^ "Burkina Faso to strengthen higher education sector with OFID loan". ofid.org. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Rankings". timeshighereducation.com. Archived from the original on 2 November 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2018.