Edwardian architecture is a Neo-Baroque architectural style that was popular in the British Empire during the Edwardian era (1901–1910). Architecture up to the year 1914 may also be included in this style.[1]

Description

Edwardian architecture is generally less ornate than high or late Victorian architecture,[2] apart from a subset – used for major buildings – known as Edwardian Baroque architecture.

Masonic Temple, Aberdeen, Scotland built in 1910.
Masonic Temple, Aberdeen, Scotland built in 1910.

The Victorian Society campaigns to preserve architecture built between 1837 and 1914, and so includes Edwardian as well as Victorian architecture within its remit.[3]

Characteristics

The characteristic features of the Edwardian Baroque style were drawn from two main sources: the architecture of France during the 18th century and that of Sir Christopher Wren in England during the 17th—part of the English Baroque (for this reason Edwardian Baroque is sometimes referred to as "Wrenaissance"). Sir Edwin Lutyens was a major exponent, designing many commercial buildings in what he termed 'the Grand Style' during the later 1910s and 1920s. This period of British architectural history is considered a particularly retrospective one, since it is contemporary with Art Nouveau.

Typical details of Edwardian Baroque architecture include extensive rustication, usually more extreme at ground level, often running into and exaggerating the voussoirs of arched openings (derived from French models); domed corner rooftop pavilions and a central taller tower-like element creating a lively rooftop silhouette; revived Italian Baroque elements such as exaggerated keystones, segmental arched pediments, columns with engaged blocks, attached block-like rustication to window surrounds; colonnades of (sometimes paired) columns in the Ionic order and domed towers modelled closely on Wren's for the Royal Naval College in Greenwich. Some Edwardian Baroque buildings include details from other sources, such as the Dutch gables of Norman Shaw's Piccadilly Hotel in London.

Edwardian houses in Sutton, Greater London, England
Edwardian houses in Sutton, Greater London, England
Catts Farm, Kingsclere, Newbury, design by H. Launcelot Fedden (1869-1910), as seen in The Building News, July 31, 1908.
Catts Farm, Kingsclere, Newbury, design by H. Launcelot Fedden (1869-1910), as seen in The Building News, July 31, 1908.

Other characteristics include:

Architectural influences

Notable examples

53 King Street, built for Lloyds Bank during 1915.
53 King Street, built for Lloyds Bank during 1915.
Lancaster House, Manchester, built during 1910.
Lancaster House, Manchester, built during 1910.

United Kingdom

Argentina

Department of Education building, Sydney
Flinders Street station, Melbourne
An Edwardian residence in South Yarra, Victoria
An Edwardian residence in South Yarra, Victoria

Australia

Canada

Hotel Macdonald
Hotel Macdonald
The Empress Hotel
The Empress Hotel

Hong Kong

India

Ireland

Government Buildings near Merrion Square, Dublin
Government Buildings near Merrion Square, Dublin

Malaysia

Penang City Hall in Penang
Penang City Hall in Penang

New Zealand

Singapore

Sri Lanka

See also

References

  1. ^ Long, Helen C. (1993), The Edwardian House: The Middle-class Home in Britain, 1880-1914, Manchester: Manchester University Press
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Bricks & Brass: Edwardian Style". Bricksandbrass.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  3. ^ "What we do". The Victorian Society. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  4. ^ Evans, Ian (1999) [1986]. The Federation House. Mullumbimby, NSW: Flannel Flower Press. p. 8. ISBN 1-875253-11-4.
  5. ^ Antram, Nicholas; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2013). Sussex: East with Brighton and Hove. The Buildings of England. London: Yale University Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-0-300-18473-0.
  6. ^ "History of the College - About Us - Belfast Met".
  7. ^ Antram, Nicholas; Morrice, Richard (2008). Brighton and Hove. Pevsner Architectural Guides. London: Yale University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-300-12661-7.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Ralli Memorial Hall, walls and railings, Denmark Villas, Hove (Grade II) (1298671)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Department of Education Building". NSW State Heritage Register. Office of Environment & Heritage, Government of New South Wales. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Inventory of Evaluated Historic Resources - Ford Motor Company of Canada Warehouse".

Further reading