This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (July 2013) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Historismus]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Historismus)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (July 2013) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Historicisme (style)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Historicisme (style))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Thomas Cole, The Architect's Dream, 1840
Schwerin Palace, historical ducal seat of Mecklenburg, Germany – an example of historicism in architecture
Schwerin Palace, historical ducal seat of Mecklenburg, Germany – an example of historicism in architecture

Historicism or historism (German: Historismus) comprises artistic styles that draw their inspiration from recreating historic styles or imitating the work of historic artisans.[1] This is especially prevalent in architecture, such as Revival architecture. Through a combination of different styles or implementation of new elements, historicism can create completely different aesthetics than former styles. Thus, it offers a great variety of possible designs.

In the history of art, after Neoclassicism which in the Romantic era could itself be considered a historicist movement, the 19th century included a new historicist phase characterized by an interpretation not only of Greek and Roman classicism, but also of succeeding stylistic eras, which were increasingly considered equivalent. In particular in architecture and in the genre of history painting, in which historical subjects were treated with great attention to accurate period detail, the global influence of historicism was especially strong from the 1850s onwards. The change is often related to the rise of the bourgeoisie during and after the Industrial Revolution. By the end of the century, in the fin de siècle, Symbolism and Art Nouveau followed by Expressionism and Modernism acted to make Historicism look outdated, although many large public commissions continued in the 20th century. The Arts and Crafts style managed to combine a looser vernacular historicism with elements of Art Nouveau and other contemporary styles.

Influences of historicism remained strong until the 1950s in many countries. When postmodern architecture became widely popular during the 1980s, a Neo-Historism style followed, that is still prominent and can be found around the world, especially in representative and upper-class buildings.

List of Historicism and Revivalism in Western architecture and decorative arts

International

British Empire

France

Austria and Germany

Greece and Balkans

Italy

Mexico

Netherlands

Portugal

Romania

Russian Empire and USSR

Scandinavia

Spain

United States

See also

References

  1. ^ Lucie-Smith, Edward. The Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms. London: Thames & Hudson, 1988, p. 100. ISBN 0-500-20222-2