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New European Painting emerged in the 1980s and reached a critical point of major distinction and influence in the 1990s[1] with painters like Gerhard Richter,[2][3] Sigmar Polke, Georg Baselitz, Anselm Kiefer and Bracha L. Ettinger[4][5][6] whose paintings have established and continue to create a new dialogue between the historical archive, American Abstraction and figuration.[7] The major new European painters of this era show strong engagements with painful personal and general history, as well as shared history; its memory and its oblivion; and with life under the shadow of World War II, utilizing research in new and old materials, photography and oil painting.


These were followed by painters like Luc Tuymans, Marlene Dumas[8][9] and Miriam Cahn. A third wave came with artists like Neo Rauch, Michaël Borremans and Chris Ofili.[citation needed] Neo-expressionism and other related movements in painting have emerged in the final two decades of the 20th century in Europe and in the United States, but this New Painting is not expressionist. Rather it is a renovative kind of abstraction and figuration that relates to the parallel practice of a turning into art of personal and historical photographic archives.[10]


New European Painting relates to the post-traumatic traces of war[11] and it involves working oil painting and drawings with new media like photography,[12] xerox[13][14] and digital media[15][16] to create and develop a postmodern archive "fever".[17][18] This painting relates through this aspect to the post-World War II "archive" art with artists like Christian Boltanski and Jochen Gerz,[19] and it is often a part of this tendency. Yet, though this painting has a clear figurative stroke it is strongly connected to Lyrical Abstraction[20] to contemporary reconsiderations of the Sublime in art while creating a new inner space in painting and in the series of paintings.[21]


See also


  1. ^ Chris Dercon (ed.), 1980-1996 in: Face a l'Histoire, Centre Georges Pompidou / Flammarion, 1996, pp.496-561.
  2. ^ Gerhard Richter. Atlas. D.A.P., NY, 2006.
  3. ^ Stefan Germer, "Des souvenirs inoppotuns," in: Jean-Paul Ameline, Brigitte Leal, Marc Bormand and Chris Dercon (eds.), Face a l'Histoire, Centre Georges Pompidou / Flammarion, 1996, pp. 544-547.
  4. ^ Brian Massumi and Catherine de Zegher (eds.), Drawing Papers n.24. The Drawing Center, NY, 2001
  5. ^ Carol Armstrong and Catherine de Zegher (eds.), Women Artists at the Millennium. Cambridge Massachusetts: October Books, MIT Press, 2006
  6. ^ Griselda Pollock, "Rencontre avec l'histoire," in: Jean-Paul Ameline, Brigitte Leal, Marc Bormand and Chris Dercon (eds.), Face a l'Histoire, Centre Georges Pompidou / Flammarion, 1996, pp. 535-540.
  7. ^ Pollock, Griselda, "Aesthetic Wit(h)nessing in the Era of Trauma." In: EurAmerica. Vol.40 n.4: 829-886. 2010.[1]
  8. ^ Sofie Van Loo, Gorge(l). The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2008
  9. ^ Lisa gabrielle Mark (ed.) and Marlene Dumas: Measuring Your Own Grave. The Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerpen, 2006
  10. ^ Hans-Ulrich Obrist, Laurence Bosse and Carolyne Christove-Bakargiev, La Ville, le Jardin, la Memoire / City, Garden, Memory. Villa Medici, Rome, 1999.
  11. ^ Griselda Pollock and Penny Florence, Looking Back to the Future. G&B Arts Press, 2000.
  12. ^ Hal Foster, The Return of the Real. MIT Press / October Book, 1996.
  13. ^ Jean-Francois Lyotard, "Scriptures: Diffracted Traces", Theory, Culture and Society. (Vol.21 n.1), 2004.
  14. ^ Griselda Pollock, "Gleaning in history or coming after/behind the reapers. Generations and Geographies in the Visual Arts. London: Routledge, 1996.
  15. ^ ARS06 - Sense of the Real, KIASMA Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, 2006.
  16. ^ Amy Scholder and Jordan Crandall, Interaction. NY: D.A.P., 2001.
  17. ^ Griselda Pollock, Encounters in the Virtual Feminist Museum: Time, Space and the Archive. Routledge, 2007.
  18. ^ Okwui Enwezor, Archive Fever: Photography Between History and the Monument [2][permanent dead link].
  19. ^ Rosi Huhn, Das Problem der Entsorgung in Kunst und Kulture als Passage zum Positiven Barbarentum / Le Problème du traitement des résidus dans l'art et dans la culture, en tant que passage vers une 'Barbarie Positive, Passages [d']après]/ Passagen Nach Walter Benjamin.Verlag Herman Schmidt, Mainz, 1992.
  20. ^ Alison Rowley, Helen Frankenthaler: Painting History, Writing painting, I.B.Tauris Publishers, 2007
  21. ^ Christine Buci-Glucksmann, "Inner Space of Painting", in: Catherine de Zegher (ed.) Inside the Visible, MIT Press, 1996