|Motto||we inspire, we train, we challenge|
|Students||Approx 5.000 per year|
The European Security and Defence College (ESDC) is an EU body embedded in the External Action Service (EEAS) of the European Union (EU) that provides training and education at EU level in the field of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), which is part of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). The ESDC has limited legal capacity.
In line with the Council Decision (CFSP) 2016/2382 of 21 December 2016 establishing a European Security and Defence College (ESDC) and repealing Decision 2013/189/CFSP, the ESDC shall provide training and education in the field of the Union's Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) in the wider context of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) at European level in order to develop and promote a common understanding of CSDP and CFSP among civilian and military personnel, and to identify and disseminate best practice in relation to various CSDP and CFSP issues through its training and education activities (‘ESDC training and education activities’).
Further information: History of the Common Security and Defence Policy
Under the auspices of the Greek Presidency in 2002 and at the initiative of France and Germany, the concept of 'common training' was introduced. The idea behind this was to develop a European security culture by providing equipped personnel both in the EU Member States and within the EU institutions.
The ESDP was created in 2005 by decision of the Council of the EU.
In 2008 the Military Erasmus programme was introduced.
The ESDC is organised as follows:
The college is currently composed of around 160 national training institutes (including national defence academies, police colleges, diplomatic training institutes, the European Union Institute for Security Studies, the European Defence Agency and other educational and academic institutions).
The ESDC develops numerous training activities, mostly with a regional or horizontal focus, ranging from newcomer courses up to strategic leadership level courses such as the CSDP High Level Course. The recent discussions (2017) on CSDP in various Council bodies have put pre-deployment training, in-mission training and other mission-related training on the ESDC agenda.
Main article: Military Erasmus
The ESDC's Military Erasmus programme, formally the European initiative for the exchange of young officers, aims to instil a common security and defence culture in young European officers and thereby amplifying interoperability between armed forces. This programme is modelled on its civilian counterpart, Erasmus+.