Faboideae
Temporal range: Late Paleocene - recent[1]
Crotalaria retusa
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribes[2][3]
Distribution of the Faboideae
Synonyms
  • Aspalathaceae Martynov
  • Astragalaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Ciceraceae W. Steele
  • Coronillaceae Martynov
  • Cytisaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Dalbergiaceae Martinov
  • Daleaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Galedupaceae Martynov
  • Geoffroeaceae Martius
  • Hedysaraceae Oken
  • Inocarpaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Lathyraceae Burnett
  • Lotaceae Oken
  • Papilionatae Taub.
  • Papilionaceae Giseke
  • Papilionoideae (L.) DC. 1825
  • Phaseolaceae Martius
  • Robiniaceae Vest
  • Sophoraceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Tamarindaceae Martinov
  • Trifoliaceae Berchtold & J. Presl
  • Viciaceae Oken

The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. An acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae, or Papilionaceae when this group of plants is treated as a family.[4]

This subfamily is widely distributed, and members are adapted to a wide variety of environments. Faboideae may be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants. Members include the pea, the sweet pea, the laburnum, and other legumes. The pea-shaped flowers are characteristic of the Faboideae subfamily and root nodulation is very common.

Genera

The type genus, Faba, is a synonym of Vicia, and is listed here as Vicia.

Systematics

Modern molecular phylogenetics recommend a clade-based classification of Faboideae as a superior alternative to the traditional tribal classification of Polhill:[5][22][23][24][25]

Faboideae
(Papilionoideae)

Note: Minor branches have been omitted.

Notes

  1. ^ Not a true genus. It is a graft-chimera between Laburnum and Cytisus.

References

  1. ^ "Fabales". www.mobot.org. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  2. ^ "Subfamily Faboideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 31 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Systema Naturae 2000". Retrieved 2010-08-07 – via Taxonomicon.
  4. ^ McNeill, J.; et al., eds. (2006), International code of botanical nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005 (electronic ed.), Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, archived from the original on 6 October 2012, retrieved 2011-02-20, Article 19.7
  5. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Delgado-Salinas A, Thulin M, Pasquet R, Weeden N, Lavin M (2011). "Vigna (Leguminosae) sensu lato: the names and identities of the American segregate genera". Am J Bot. 98 (10): 1694–715. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100069. PMID 21980163.
  7. ^ a b Boatwright JS, Tilney PM, Van Wyk BE (2009). "The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot. 75 (3): 546–556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001.
  8. ^ "Papilionoideae - Legume Data Portal". www.legumedata.org. Retrieved 15 September 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d e Boatwright JS, Wink M, van Wyk BE (2011). "The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba". Taxon. 60 (1): 161–77. doi:10.1002/tax.601014.
  10. ^ Torke BM, Schaal BA (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of the species-rich neotropical genus Swartzia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) and related genera of the swartzioid clade". Am J Bot. 95 (2): 215–228. doi:10.3732/ajb.95.2.215. PMID 21632346.
  11. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Lima HC, Rodrigues RS, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, Lavin M (2012). "The Bowdichia clade of Genistoid legumes: Phylogenetic analysis of combined molecular and morphological data and a recircumscription of Diplotropis". Taxon. 61 (5): 1074–1087. doi:10.1002/tax.615012.
  12. ^ a b Ohashi, Kazuaki; Ohashi, Hiroyoshi; Nemoto, Tomoyuki; Ikeda, Tatsuki (June 2018). "Phylogenetic Analyses for a New Classification of the Desmodium Group of Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae". Journal of Japanese Botany. 93( (3): 165–189.
  13. ^ Egan AN, Reveal JL (2009). "A new combination in Pediomelum and a new genus, Ladeania, from Western North America (Fabaceae, Psoraleeae)". Novon. 19 (3): 310–314. doi:10.3417/2008074. S2CID 83538579.
  14. ^ Hughes CE, Lewis GP, Daza Yomona A, Reynel C (2004). "Maraniona. A New Dalbergioid Legume Genus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from Peru". Syst Bot. 29 (2): 366–374. doi:10.1600/036364404774195557. S2CID 85957592.
  15. ^ "Pedleya acanthoclada (F.Muell.) H.Ohashi & K.Ohashi". plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au. PlantNET - FloraOnline. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  16. ^ Cardoso D, de Lima HC, de Queiroz LP (2013). "Staminodianthus, a new neotropical Genistoid legume genus segregated from Diplotropis". Phytotaxa. 110 (1): 1–16. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.110.1.1.
  17. ^ Lewis GP, Wood JR, Lavin M (2012). "Steinbachiella (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Dalbergieae), endemic to Bolivia, is reinstated as an accepted genus". Kew Bull. 67 (4): 789–796. doi:10.1007/s12225-012-9415-z. S2CID 10964925.
  18. ^ de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP, Wojciechowski MF (2010). "Tabaroa, a new genus of Leguminosae tribe Brongniartieae from Brazil". Kew Bull. 65 (2): 189–203. doi:10.1007/s12225-010-9202-7. JSTOR 23216080. S2CID 36238640.
  19. ^ Ireland HE (2007). "Taxonomic changes in the South American genus Bocoa (Leguminosae–Swartzieae): Reinstatement of the name Trischidium, and a synopsis of both genera". Kew Bull. 62 (2): 333–350. JSTOR 20443359.
  20. ^ Ohashi H, Ohashi K (2012). "Verdesmum, a new genus of Leguminosae: tribe Desmodieae" (PDF). Journal of Japanese Botany. 87 (5): 299–306. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2023-02-07. Retrieved 2022-01-04.
  21. ^ Thulin M, Lavin M (2001). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Ormocarpum Group (Fabaceae): A New Genus Zygocarpum from the Horn of Africa Region". Syst Bot. 26 (2): 299–317. JSTOR 2666709.
  22. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
  23. ^ Wojciechowskie MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
  24. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades" (PDF). Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
  25. ^ de Queiroz LP, Pastore JF, Cardoso D, Snak C, de C Lima AL, Gagnon E, Vatanparast M, Holland AE, Egan AN (2015). "A multilocus phylogenetic analysis reveals the monophyly of a recircumscribed papilionoid legume tribe Diocleae with well-supported generic relationships". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 90: 1–19. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.016. PMID 25934529.