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First grade (also 1st Grade or Grade 1) is the first year of formal or compulsory education. It is the first year of elementary school, and the first school year after kindergarten. Children in first grade are usually 6–7 years old.

Examples by region

Asia

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Europe

United Kingdom

In England and Wales, the first year of primary school is called reception, with pupils 4 to 5 years old. However, the first compulsory school year is Year One, when children are five. As most primary schools have a reception class which is treated like a compulsory school year, i.e. the children wear a uniform and have the same school hours, most children start school in reception. The first grade is the equivalent of Year Two.[3]

Scottish pupils usually enter the corresponding stage one year younger. In Northern Ireland. they are two years younger. In Scotland, first grade is equivalent to Primary 3. Pupils in Primary 3 are 7 to 8 years old. Scotland calls these grades primary school, as Primary 1 starts after kindergarten (nursery school) at 4 to 5 years of age. Primary school continues through Primary 7.

North America

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Canada

Main article: Education in Canada

United States

Main article: Primary education in the United States

In arithmetic, students learn about addition and subtraction of natural or whole numbers, usually with only one digit or two digits, and about measurement. Basic geometry and graphing may sometimes be introduced. Clock and calendar time, as well as money, may also be in the curriculum.

In language arts, first graders are taught the fundamentals of literacy, including reading sentences, writing very simple statements, and mastery of the alphabet, building on what they have learned in kindergarten or other forms of pre-school. Expectations for first grade have changed due to Common Core Standards. The curriculum is typically based on standards developed by educators in each state. Most states use the Common Core Standards, so most schools across the country use similar curricula. First graders are expected to read and comprehend stories ranging in length and difficulty. They are also expected to show an improved fluency rate during the school year, with the ability to easily read stories by the end of the year.

Students are also typically introduced to the concept of social studies, with an emphasis on establishing ideas of history or civics in either a personal or larger sense. Some states focus on the basics of US history and patriotism, with a focus on the Founding Fathers and the time period surrounding the American Revolution; other states require social studies focus on family relationships in first grade, leaving community, state, and national studies to higher grades. Basic geography is also taught in the first grade. Focus on the school's municipal area and culture, along with basic state geography, is also be focused upon in first grade in some states. First-grade science classes usually involve the discussion of matter, plant and animal science, earth materials, and balance and motion, along with the human body and basic health and nutrition.

Science as inquiry is taught and practiced in first grade classes. Students are encouraged to observe the world around them and begin asking questions about things they notice.

Africa

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Oceania

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In some states in Australia, first grade is called Year 1. It is the second year of school after Kindergarten (called Prep in some states), and children are usually between 6 and 7 years old when entering.

In New Zealand, first grade is called "Year 2." Children generally start this level when they are 6 or 7 years old.

South America

In Brazil, first grade is the primeiro ano do Ensino Fundamental I. That is, the minimum age for first grade was changed from 7 (84 months) to 6 years (72 months) when the "alphabetization" grade, called simply Alfabetização (literacy), was renamed first grade, with all following grades renamed as well. All students must be 6 years old before an assigned cut-off date.[citation needed]

In Uruguay, first graders are usually six years old. However, regulations stipulate that students must be six years old before April 30 in that given year.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ensino Básico e Secundário". cdp.portodigital.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
  2. ^ "Osnovna šola" (in Slovenian). Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 2017-12-15.
  3. ^ "The national curriculum". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2014-06-10.
  4. ^ "Edad para el ingreso a la escuela (Age for starting school)" (PDF). CEIP (in Spanish). 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-09-01. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
Preceded byKindergarten First grade age 6–7 Succeeded bySecond grade