Frank Frazetta
Ffrazettaself.jpg
Frank Frazetta's self-portrait (1962)
Born
Frank A. Frazzetta

(1928-02-09)February 9, 1928
Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
DiedMay 10, 2010(2010-05-10) (aged 82)
NationalityAmerican
EducationBrooklyn Academy of Fine Arts
Known forIllustration, painting, sculpting
AwardsChesley Award (1988, 1995, 1997)
Hugo Award (1966)
Spectrum Grand Master of Fantastic Art Award (1995)

Frank Frazetta (born Frank Frazzetta /frəˈzɛtə/; February 9, 1928 – May 10, 2010)[1][2] was an American fantasy and science fiction artist, noted for comic books, paperback book covers, paintings, posters, LP record album covers, and other media. He is often referred to as the "Godfather of fantasy art", and one of the most renowned illustrators of the 20th century. He was also the subject of a 2003 documentary Painting with Fire.

Frazetta was inducted into the comic book industry's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame, the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame, the Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame, the Science Fiction Hall of Fame, and was awarded a Life Achievement Award from the World Fantasy Convention.

Early life

Born Frank Frazzetta in Brooklyn, New York City, Frazetta removed one "z" from his last name early in his career to make his name seem less "clumsy".[1] The only boy in a family with three sisters, he spent much time with his grandmother, who began encouraging him in art when he was two years old. In 2010, a month before his death, he recalled that:

When I drew something, she would be the one to say it was wonderful and would give me a penny to keep going. Sometimes I had nothing left to draw on but toilet paper. As I got older, I started drawing some pretty wild things for my age. I remember the teachers were always mesmerized by what I was doing, so it was hard to learn anything from them. So I went to art school when I was a little kid, and even there the teachers were flipping out.[3]

At age eight, Frazetta attended the Brooklyn Academy of Fine Arts,[4] a small art school run by instructor Michel Falanga. "[H]e didn't teach me anything, really," Frazetta said in 1994. "He'd come and see where I was working, and he might say, 'Very nice, very nice. But perhaps if you did this or that.' But that's about it. We never had any great conversations. He spoke very broken English. He kind of left you on your own. I learned more from my friends there."[5]

Career

Early work

Buck Rogers cover for Famous Funnies number 214 (December 1953).
Buck Rogers cover for Famous Funnies number 214 (December 1953).

In 1944, at age 16, Frazetta, who had "always had this urge to be doing comic books",[5] began working in comics artist Bernard Baily's studio doing pencil clean-ups.[4] His first comic-book work was inking the eight-page story "Snowman", penciled by John Giunta, in the one-shot Tally-Ho Comics (Dec. 1944), published by Swappers Quarterly and Almanac/Baily Publishing Company.[6] It was not standard practice in comic books during this period to provide complete credits, so a comprehensive listing of Frazetta's work is difficult to ascertain. His next confirmed comics works are two signed penciled-and-inked pieces in Prize Comics' Treasure Comics #7 (July 1946): the four-page "Know your America" is Frank Frazetta's first "solo" work, and the single page "Ahoy! Enemy Ship!", featuring his character Capt. Kidd Jr.[7] In a 1991 interview in The Comics Journal, Frazetta credited Graham Ingels as the first one in the comic book industry to recognize his talent, and to give him jobs at Standard Comics in 1947.

For Dell's subsidiary company, Famous Funnies, Frazetta did war and human interest stories for Heroic Comics, as well as one pagers extolling the virtues of prayer and the evils of drug abuse. In comics like Personal Love and Movie Love, he did romance and celebrity stories, including a biography of Burt Lancaster.

He married Massachusetts native Eleanor Kelly in New York City in November 1956.[1][citation needed] The two had four children: Frank Jr., Billy, Holly, and Heidi.[1]

In 1961, after nine years with Al Capp, Frazetta returned to comic books. He also helped Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder on three stories of the bawdy parody strip Little Annie Fanny in Playboy magazine.[8]

Hollywood and book covers

Frazetta in his studio
Frazetta in his studio

In 1964, Frazetta's painting of Beatle Ringo Starr for a Mad magazine ad parody caught the eye of United Artists studios. He was approached to do the film poster for What's New Pussycat?, and earned the equivalent of his yearly salary in one afternoon.[9] He did several other film posters.

Frazetta also produced paintings for mass market paperback editions of adventure books. His interpretation of Robert E. Howard's Conan the Barbarian visually redefined the genre of sword and sorcery, and had an enormous influence on succeeding generations of artists.[10] His cover art only coincidentally matched the storylines inside the books, as Frazetta once explained: "I didn't read any of it... I drew him my way. It was really rugged. And it caught on. I didn't care about what people thought. People who bought the books never complained about it. They probably didn't read them."[11]

Primarily, these were in oil, but he also worked in watercolor, ink, and pencil alone.[9] Frazetta's work in comics during this time were cover paintings and a few comic stories in black-and-white for the Warren Publishing horror and war magazines Creepy, Eerie, Blazing Combat, and Vampirella.[9]

An advertisement for Jōvan Musk, based on his work, was animated by Richard Williams in grease pencil and paint and shown in 1978.[12] The realism of the animation and design replicated Frazetta's artwork.[13] Frazetta and Ralph Bakshi were heavily involved in the production of the live-action sequences used for the film Fire and Ice's rotoscoped animation, from casting sessions to the final shoot.[13] Following the release of the film, Frazetta returned to his roots in painting and pen-and-ink illustrations.

Frazetta's paintings have been used by a number of recording artists as cover art for their albums. The U.S. Army III Corps adopted "The Death Dealer" as its mascot.[14]

In 2009 Kirk Hammett, the lead guitarist for Metallica, bought Frazetta's cover artwork for the paperback reissue of Robert E. Howard's "Conan the Conqueror" for $1 million.

Later life and career

In the early 1980s, Frazetta created a gallery, Frazetta's Fantasy Corner, on the upper floors of a former Masonic building at the corner of South Courtland and Washington streets in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. The building also housed a Frazetta art museum that displayed both his own work and, in a separate gallery, that of other artists.[4] From 1998 to 1999, Quantum Cat Entertainment published the magazine Frank Frazetta Fantasy Illustrated, with cover art and some illustrations by Frazetta.[15] In his later life, Frazetta was plagued by a variety of health problems, including a thyroid condition that went untreated for many years. A series of strokes left his right arm almost completely paralyzed. He taught himself to paint and draw with his left hand.[16] He was the subject of the 2003 feature film documentary Frank Frazetta: Painting With Fire.[17]

By 2009, Frazetta was living on a 67-acre (0.27 km2; 0.105 sq mi) estate in the Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania, with a small museum that is open to the public.[18] On July 17, 2009, his wife and business partner, Eleanor "Ellie" Frazetta, died after a year-long battle with cancer.[4] He then hired Rob Pistella and Steve Ferzoco to handle his business affairs.[1]

Shortly after Ellie Frazetta's death in December 2009, Frank Frazetta's eldest son Frank Jr. was arrested on charges of stealing $20 million in paintings from the family museum in a fight over the family fortune.[18] According to the police report, Frazetta Jr, with the help of two men, broke through the museum door using a backhoe and took about 90 paintings. According to the affidavit, Frank Jr. told the responding trooper he had permission from the owner, Frank Frazetta Sr....The trooper called the owner, who said he had not given his son permission to either be in the museum or remove paintings from it.[19] At issue was whether Frank Jr. believed he had the authority to remove the paintings from the Frazetta museum. Frazetta Sr.'s youngest son Bill Frazetta testified that the paintings belonged to a corporation called Frazetta Properties LLC, of which he shared management duties with his sisters. "I am a manager of the LLC. The art was supposed to stay in the museum", Bill Frazetta said.[20] Frank Jr. maintained that he was trying to prevent the paintings from being sold, per the wishes of his father, who he said had given him power of attorney over his estate.[21] Frank Sr. said he did not understand his son's actions.[22] The Frazetta family later issued a statement on April 23, 2010, that said, "all of the litigation surrounding his family and his art has been resolved. All of Frank's children will now be working together as a team to promote his ... collection of images....".[23]

Frank Frazetta died of a stroke on May 10, 2010, in a hospital near his residence in Florida.[1][2]

His painting Egyptian Queen sold for a world record $5.4 million (£4.2m) on May 16, 2019 at a public auction of vintage comic books and comic art held by Heritage Auctions in Chicago, Illinois.[24]

Accolades

Frazetta was inducted into the comic book industry's Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 1995, the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame in 1999.[25] and The Society of Illustrators Hall of Fame in 1998.[26] In 2001, he was awarded a Life Achievement Award from the World Fantasy Convention.[25] And in 2014, Frazetta was inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame,[27] and in 2016 into the Album Cover Hall of Fame.[28]

Legacy

Frazetta's granddaughters (l–r) Brittney Frazetta, Daniele Frazetta and Sara Frazetta Taylor at the 2015 East Coast Comicon in Secaucus, New Jersey
Frazetta's granddaughters (l–r) Brittney Frazetta, Daniele Frazetta and Sara Frazetta Taylor at the 2015 East Coast Comicon in Secaucus, New Jersey

Frazetta has influenced many artists within the genres of fantasy and science fiction. Filmmaker and creator of Star Wars, George Lucas mentions Frazetta's work in a 1979 article by Alan Arnold stating "I'm a fan of comic art. I collect it. ...There are quite a few [contemporary] illustrators in the science-fiction and science-fantasy modes I like very much. I like them because their designs and imaginations are so vivid. Illustrators like Frazetta, Druillet, and Moebius are quite sophisticated in their style".[29] In 2018, Los Angeles' Lucas Museum of Narrative Art, which is scheduled to complete construction in late 2021, announced it would display four Frazetta originals from Lucas' personal Frazetta collection.[30][31]

Yusuke Nakano, a lead artist for Nintendo's Legend of Zelda series, also cites Frazetta as an influence.[32]

Guillermo del Toro, the Oscar-nominated filmmaker said in a 2010 Los Angeles Times article that Frazetta was nothing less than "an Olympian artist that defined fantasy art for the 20th century." Del Toro went on to say "He gave the world a new pantheon of heroes,.... He somehow created a second narrative layer for every book he ever illustrated."[33]

Fantasy artist and musician Joseph Vargo cites Frazetta as a primary influence, and his art calendars since 1998 mark Frazetta's birthday.[citation needed] Chris Perna, art director at Epic Games, stated in an interview in 2011 that Frazetta was one of his influences.[34] Other artists influenced by Frazetta include comics artist such as Marc Silvestri[35] and Shelby Robertson.[36]

Photographer Mark Seliger credits Frazetta for the inspiration of his 2000 portrait photo of Jennifer Lopez.[37]

The face and body paint of professional wrestler Kamala was copied by artist and wrestler Jerry Lawler from a character in a Frazetta painting.[citation needed]

In early 2012, filmmaker Robert Rodriguez announced plans to remake Bakshi and Frazetta's film Fire and Ice.[38] Sony Pictures acquired the project in late 2014, with Rodriguez set to direct.[39] In 2013, Robert Rodriguez displayed Frank Frazetta's original artworks, on loan from the collections of Holly, Heidi, and Bill Frazetta at the Wizard World Comic Con in Chicago.[40] Robert Rodriguez continued his Frazetta artwork tour by showcasing them at the SXSW event in Austin Texas in both 2014 and 2015.[41]

Also reopened solely by Frank Jr in 2013, the East Stroudsburg Frazetta Art Museum which houses roughly 37 original oils, as well as other pencil, pen and ink, and watercolor works.[42]

As of 2013, Holly Frazetta's collection was traveling throughout the U.S. with public showings at comics conventions. She also co-founded Frazetta Girls alongside daughter Sara Frazetta in 2014.[43] The Frazetta Girls company operates as a web store for official Frank Frazetta merchandise, and has a large social media presence for daily postings of Frazetta's work.[44] Since 2014, Frazetta Girls has also collaborated with modern influential brands such as Primitive Skateboarding, Kid Robot, HUF Worldwide, and Mezco Toyz.[45][46][47][48] In March 2020, Holly Frazetta announced the reopening of the Frazetta Art Museum location in Boca Grande, Florida by appointment only, featuring original Conan the Barbarian and Death Dealer works.[49] In February 2022 in collaboration with Incendium Online's Opus Publishing arm, the Frazetta Girls announced "Frank Frazetta's Death Dealer" comic series would return, with Issue #1 released worldwide May 10, 2022, spawning the beginning of the FrazettaVerse.[50]

List of works

Selected paintings

Year and date painted[51]

Album covers

Movie posters

Source unless otherwise noted:[54]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Weber, Bruce; Itzkoff, Dave (May 10, 2010). "Frank Frazetta, Illustrator, Dies at 82; Helped Define Comic Book Heroes". The New York Times.
  2. ^ a b "Frank Frazetta 1928–2010". ComicsBeat.com. May 10, 2010. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011.
  3. ^ "Part One: Frank Frazetta Profile". The Boca Beacon. Boca Grande, Florida. April 16, 2010. Archived from the original on April 22, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d Frank, Howard (May 11, 2010). "Frank Frazetta, Master of Fantasy Art, Dead at 82". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. Archived from the original on January 31, 2013. Retrieved December 14, 2017. Includes sidebar: "Frank Frazetta Timeline: A Life Lived for Art".
  5. ^ a b "Frank Frazetta Interview". The Comics Journal. May 10, 2010. Archived from the original on May 14, 2010.
  6. ^ Tally-Ho Comics at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved on December 14, 2017. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012.
  7. ^ Frank Frazetta at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^ Playboy's Little Annie Fanny Vol. 1 (November 2000) and Vol. 2 (September 2001), Dark Horse Comics
  9. ^ a b c Frazetta Art Museum. "Bio, 1960s". Archived from the original on June 11, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  10. ^ Frazetta Art museum. "Bio, 1960s". Archived from the original on June 11, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  11. ^ "Frazetta Painting Sells for $1 Million". Spectrum. November 14, 2009. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
  12. ^ Jerry, Beck (May 10, 2010). "Frank Frazetta (1928–2010)". Cartoon Brew. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  13. ^ a b Gibson, Jon M.; McDonnell, Chris (2008). "Fire and Ice". Unfiltered: The Complete Ralph Bakshi. Universe Publishing. pp. 192, 196. ISBN 978-0-7893-1684-4.
  14. ^ Heckman, Michael (June 10, 2010). "III Corps symbol manifests in bronze outside III Corps HQ". Fort Hood Sentinel. Fort Hood, Texas. Archived from the original on February 26, 2017.
  15. ^ Frank Frazetta Fantasy Illustrated at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved on December 14, 2017. Archived on December 14, 2017.
  16. ^ "History for Creator/FrankFrazetta". TV Tropes. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  17. ^ "Frazetta: Painting with Fire (2003)". PopMatters. May 5, 2003. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Frazetta Son Arrested in $20M Burglary from Family Art museum". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. December 10, 2009. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  19. ^ Frank, Howard (December 11, 2009). "Feud over Frazetta family fortune leads to criminal charges (with video)". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020.
  20. ^ Frank, Howard (February 25, 2010). "Frazetta Jr. will head to trial in art heist case". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. Archived from the original on July 24, 2020.
  21. ^ Kidwell, David (December 16, 2009). "Frazetta son in court for preliminary hearing". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. Archived from the original on December 14, 2017.
  22. ^ Frank, Howard (March 26, 2010). "Frank Frazetta Sr.: My son's 'gone haywire'". Pocono Record. Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Gannett Publishing. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015.
  23. ^ "Frazetta siblings resolve dispute over fantasy art". Associated Press. April 30, 2010. Archived from the original on April 30, 2010.
  24. ^ "Egyptian Queen by Frank Frazetta Sets $5.4 Million World Record at Heritage Auctions". DownTheTubes.net. May 17, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2020.
  25. ^ a b "Frank Frazetta". Museum of Pop Culture. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  26. ^ "Frank Frazetta". Society of Illustrators. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  27. ^ "SF Site News " Frank Frazetta". Science Fiction Site. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  28. ^ "Frank Frazetta". Album Cover Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  29. ^ Lucas, George, in Arnold, Alan (1980). Once Upon A Galaxy: A Journal of the Making of 'The Empire Strikes Back'. Ballantine Books. p. 223. ISBN 978-0345290755. As quoted in Kaminski, Michael (2008). The Secret History of Star Wars (PDF). Legacy Books Press (self-published). p. 12. ISBN 9780978465230. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 14, 2020.
  30. ^ Strauss, Bob (March 14, 2018). "The Force was strong in LA as 'Star Wars' creator George Lucas launched his Narrative Art museum". Los Angeles Daily News. Archived from the original on November 22, 2019.
  31. ^ Cascone, Sarah (October 30, 2019). "George Lucas's Museum of Narrative Art Hires the Met's Education Department Whiz as Its New Director". Artnet News. Archived from the original on November 5, 2019.
  32. ^ "Portrait of Nintendo's illustrator". Zelda Universe (official site, Legend of Zelda series). Originally published as "Inside Zelda, Part 3" in Nintendo Power Magazine. 2005. Archived from the original on May 2, 2010.
  33. ^ "Frank Frazetta dies at 82; renowned fantasy illustrator". Los Angeles Times. May 11, 2010.
  34. ^ deviantART visits Epic Games – Gears of War 3 on YouTube
  35. ^ "The Third Degree: Marc Silvestri". Point of Impact. Image Comics. October 2012. Page 27.
  36. ^ "Creating a Graphic Novel : Art – Food – Photography: Shelby Robertson". October 28, 2009. Archived from the original on September 1, 2017. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
  37. ^ "The Surprising Stories Behind These Amazing Photos of Leonardo DiCaprio, Brad Pitt and J.Lo". People. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
  38. ^ Gilchrist, Todd (April 24, 2012). "'Machete Kills' Director Robert Rodriguez Lines Up 'Fire and Ice' After 'Sin City 2'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  39. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (December 18, 2014). "Sony Pictures Acquires Robert Rodriguez & His Frank Frazetta Homage 'Fire And Ice'". Deadline Hollywood (Penske Business Media, LLC). Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
  40. ^ "Robert Rodriguez at the Frank Frazetta Museum". YouTube. December 19, 2013. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  41. ^ Whittaker, Richard. "Frazetta Up Close". The Austin Chronicle. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on May 24, 2020.
  42. ^ "Museum". Frazetta Art Museum. Archived from the original on January 21, 2020. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  43. ^ Whittaker, Richard (November 29, 2013). "Robert Rodriguez: Future Sins, Fiery Projects". The Austin Chronicle. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
  44. ^ "About". Frazetta Girls, LLC.
  45. ^ "Primitive X Frank Frazetta Collab Decks". March 31, 2016. Archived from the original on April 4, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2020.
  46. ^ "HUF Releases Heavy Metal-Inspired Capsule Honoring Artist Frank Frazetta". HYPEBEAST. July 30, 2019.
  47. ^ Roberts, Tyler (January 22, 2020). "Conan the Barbarian Arrives with New Figure from Mezco Toyz". Bleedingcool.com. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  48. ^ "Licensing". Frazetta Girls.
  49. ^ "The Frank Frazetta Art Museum". YouTube. April 14, 2020. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved May 7, 2020.
  50. ^ "Frank Frazetta's Iconic Death Dealer Painting Inspires New Comic Series (Exclusive Preview)". February 9, 2022.
  51. ^ Bond, James A. (October 2008). The Definitive Frazetta Reference. Vanguard. p. 208. ISBN 978-1-934331-09-5.
  52. ^ Gaines, William (December 14, 1964). "Tales from the Crypt". Ballantine. Retrieved December 14, 2017 – via Amazon.
  53. ^ "Welcome to the LBJ Ranch!" (Back cover). Capitol Records. 1965.
  54. ^ a b Friedman, Drew (January 8, 2012). "The Movie Comedy Poster Art of Frank Frazetta". Drew Friedman official blog. Archived from the original on October 28, 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2017.

Further reading