Zonal pelargoniums are examples of free-flowering plants, which bloom profusely throughout the year.[1]

In gardening, the term free-flowering is used to describe flowering plants that have a long bloom time and may often lack a defined blooming season, whereby producing flowers profusely over an extended period of time, at times all-year round.[2] The terms long-flowering and long-blooming are also used for perennial plants that bloom for much of the year.[3]


Examples of free-flowering or long flowering plants include salvias,[4][5] thunbergias,[6] loniceras,[7] roses,[8] lavenders,[9] periwinkles,[10] gaillardias,[11] oleanders,[12] begonias,[13] bougainvilleas,[14] morning glories,[15] geraniums/pelargoniums,[16] hibiscuses,[17] and lantanas.[18]


This list includes plant species that are free-flowering, particularly in warmer climates:[19][20]


  1. ^ Sabrina Hahn (11 June 2017). "The new breed of nana plants". The West Australian. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  2. ^ John F. Letts (1966). Handbook of Hardy Heaths and Heathers: Hardy, Free-flowering, Foliage, Evergreen Plants. Ithaca, New York: J.F. Letts, 1966. OCLC 92233.
  3. ^ "Long flowering". PGA. Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  4. ^ Plant Growers Australia Pty Ltd. "Salvias". PGA. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  5. ^ National Parks Board. "Free-flowering shrubs and trees alongside a road". National Library Board, Singapore. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  6. ^ "Black-eyed Susan Vine, Thunbergia alata". Wisconsin Horticulture Division of Extension. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  7. ^ "Honeysuckle: Lonicera and how to grow it". Gardens Illustrated. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  8. ^ "Free flowering, healthy roses feature among winning roses". The New Zealand Rose Society. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  9. ^ "Lavandula hybrid Bella Rose". Paradise Plants. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  10. ^ "Vinca, Periwinkle". Kaw Valley Greenhouses Headquarters. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  11. ^ "Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)". Gardenia.net. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  12. ^ Gayathri, V.; Ananthi, S.; Parameswari, R. P.; Vasanthi, Hannah R. "Free Radical Scavenging Potential and Reducing Capacity of Flowers of Nerium oleander Linn". Taylor & Francis Group. Retrieved May 22, 2023. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Frederick Leeth. "How To Grow Tuberous Begonias In Pots". Backyard Gardener. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  14. ^ Elizabeth Kamaldin. "Bougainvillea: Colouring Our Streets". NParks Buzz. Retrieved May 23, 2023.
  15. ^ "Potted Morning Glory-Vine". PlantShed. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  16. ^ National Parks Board. "Fantasia Shocking Pink Geranium". Roger’s Gardens. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  17. ^ "Hibiscus". Lovingly.com. Lovingly, LLC. Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  18. ^ Karen Russ. "LANTANA". Home & Garden Information Center. Clemson University. Retrieved May 22, 2023.
  19. ^ "26 Flowers That Bloom All Year Round - Permanent Flowering Plants". India Gardening. Retrieved May 24, 2023.
  20. ^ 31 Beautiful Flowers That Will Bloom All Season Long by Jason White from All About Gardening. November 19, 2022. Retrieved June 1, 2023.