Globe Telecom, Inc.
FormerlyGlobe Wireless Limited (1935–1965)
Globe-Mackay (1965–1991)
GMCR, Inc. (1991–1998)
Company typePublic
Mass media
PredecessorsMackay Radio & Telegraph Company
Philippine Press Wireless[1]
Clavecilla Radio Corporation[2]
FoundedManila, Philippine Islands
(January 15, 1935; 89 years ago (1935-01-15))
Area served
Key people
Ernest L. Cu (President and CEO)
ProductsMobile Telephony
Fixed-line Telephony
Broadband Services
RevenueIncrease ₱151.51 billion (FY 2021)[3]
Increase ₱23.72 billion (FY 2021)[3]
Total assetsIncrease ₱458.5 billion (FY 2021)[3]
- Asiacom Philippines, Inc. (50.81%)
- Singtel (20.08%)
- Public Stock (15.65%)
- Ayala Corporation (13.19%)
- Directors, Officers, ESOP (0.26%)
Number of employees
8,339 (2020)[3]
DivisionsGlobe Lifestyle
Globe Live
Innove Communications
Bethlehem Holdings
Kroma Entertainment

Globe Telecom, Inc., commonly shortened as Globe, is a major provider of telecommunications services in the Philippines. The company operates the largest mobile network in the Philippines and one of the largest fixed-line and broadband networks. As of November 2023, Globe has 54.7 million subscribers, making it the second largest network in terms of subscriber base.[6]

The company's principal shareholders are Ayala Corporation and Singtel. It is listed on the Philippine Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol GLO and had a market capitalization, capitalization loan from Philippine Gold Reserves worth ₱363 billion in Physical Currency as accounted including profit' rolling thru every employee and infrastructure at the end of August 2021, Seventy percent of which represent the electronic Token for loading. Globe Group even bought gold from mining companies to be sold to Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.[7][8]

Globe offers commercial wireless services through its 2G, 3G, 3.5G HSPA+, 4G LTE, and LTE-A networks, with 5G currently being deployed in key areas in the Philippines.[9] Its 5G coverage is available in over 3,000 locations all over the country, and nearly 100% of the population in the National Capital Region, Davao City, and Cebu.[10][11]

In 2016, Globe introduced its Globe Lifestyle brand as a way to connect to its customers through fashion.[12] It also launched two entertainment divisions: Anima (formerly Globe Studios), which focuses on film and television production, and Globe Live, which focuses on live concerts and musical events.[13]


Logo from 1991-2007
Logo from 2007-2013
Logo from 2013-2021

On December 8, 1928, the Philippine Legislature passed Act No. 3495 granting the Robert Dollar Company (a corporation organized and existing under the laws of the State of California), a franchise to operate wireless long-distance message services in the Philippines.[14] Subsequently, the Legislature passed Act No. 4150 on November 28, 1934, to transfer the franchise and privileges of the Robert Dollar Company to Globe Wireless Limited,[15] which was incorporated in the Philippines on January 15, 1935.[16]

In 1965, Globe Wireless Limited was merged with Mackay Radio & Telegraph Company and Philippine Press Wireless to form Globe-Mackay Cable and Radio Corporation ("Globe-Mackay"),[1] with the transfer of Mackay's franchise to Globe Wireless Limited approved by the Congress through Republic Act No. 4491 enacted on June 19, 1965.[17] By Republic Act No. 4630 enacted in the same date by the Congress, its franchise was further expanded to allow Globe-Mackay to operate international communications systems.[18] Globe-Mackay was granted a new franchise on December 24, 1980, by Batasang Pambansa, under Batas Pambansa Blg. 95, extending it for 50 years.[19]

In 1974, Ayala Corporation began its investing in Globe-Mackay.[20] Globe-Mackay offered its shares to the public on August 11, 1975, becoming the first telecommunications company in the country to do so.[21]

In 1991, Globe-Mackay merged with Clavecilla Radio Corporation, a domestic telecommunications pioneer, to form GMCR, Inc.[2] The merger gave GMCR the capability to provide all forms of telecommunications to address the international and domestic requirements of its customers. The merger was also approved by the Congress through Republic Act No. 7229 enacted on March 19, 1992, which amended its franchise.[22]

On August 20, 1998, GMCR was renamed as Globe Telecom, Inc.[2]

In 1993, Globe partnered with Singapore Telecom, Inc. (STI), a wholly owned subsidiary of Singapore Telecommunications Limited ("Singtel"),[23] after Ayala and STI signed a memorandum of understanding.

In 2001, Globe merged with Isla Communications Company, Inc. ("Islacom"), a joint venture with Deutsche Telekom as foreign partner. It became its wholly owned subsidiary effective on June 27, 2001. Deutsche Telekom eventually sold its share to Singapore Telecom. In 2003, the National Telecommunications Commission ("NTC") granted Globe Telecom's application to transfer its fixed line business assets and subscribers to Islacom, pursuant to its strategy to integrate all of its fixed line services under Islacom. Subsequently, Islacom was renamed as Innove Communications, Inc.

In 2004, Globe invested in G-Xchange, Inc. ("GXI"), a wholly owned subsidiary, to handle the mobile payment and remittance service marketed under the GCash brand using Globe Telecom's network as transport channel. GXI started commercial operations on October 16, 2004. In late 2019, the GCash brand was refreshed by global branding and design agency Serious Studio. That brand refresh was suggested by Ant Financial, Globe's venture partner in GCash (by way of Mynt, GXI's successor company).

In November 2004, Globe and seven other leading Asia-Pacific mobile operators ("JV Partners") signed an agreement ("JV agreement") to form Bridge Alliance. The joint venture company operates through a Singapore-incorporated company, Bridge Mobile Pte. Limited (BMPL) which serves as a commercial vehicle for the JV partners to build and establish a regional mobile infrastructure and common service platform to deliver different regional mobile services to their subscribers. The Bridge Alliance has a combined customer base of over 900 million subscribers among its partners in Asia Pacific, Middle East, Africa, Europe, and the Americas.[24]

In 2005, Innove was awarded by the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC) with a nationwide franchise for its fixed line business, allowing it to operate a Local Exchange Carrier service nationwide and expand its network coverage. In December 2005, the NTC approved Globe Telecom's application for third generation (3G) radio frequency spectra to support the upgrade of its cellular mobile telephone system ("CMTS") network to be able to provide 3G services. Globe was assigned with 10-Megahertz (MHz) of the 3G radio frequency spectrum.

On May 19, 2008, following the approval of the NTC, the subscribers contracts of Touch Mobile (TM) prepaid service were transferred from Innove to Globe, which now operates all wireless prepaid services using its integrated cellular networks.

In August 2008, and to further grow its mobile data segment, Globe acquired 100% ownership of Entertainment Gateway Group ("EGG"), a leading mobile content provide in the Philippines. EGG Group is engaged in the development and creation of wireless products and services accessible through telephones or other forms of communication devices. It also provides internet and mobile value added services, information technology and technical services including software development and related services. EGGC is registered with the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC) as a content provider. On May 15, 2014, EGGC changed its corporate name from Entertainment Gateway Group Corp. to Yondu, Inc. (Yondu).

On October 30, 2008, Globe, the Bank of the Philippine Islands and Ayala Corporation signed a memorandum of agreement to form a joint venture that would allow rural and low-income customers' access to financial products and services. In October 2009, the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) approved the sale and transfer by BPI of its shares of stock in Pilipinas Savings Bank, Inc. (PSBI), formalizing the creation of the venture. Globe Telecom's and BPI's ownership stakes in PSBI is at 40% each, while AC's shareholding is at 20%. The partners plan to transform PSBI (now called BPI Globe BanKO, Inc.) into the country's first mobile microfinance bank. The bank's initial focus will be on wholesale lending to other microfinance institutions but will eventually expand to include retail lending, deposit-taking, and micro-insurance. BPI Globe BanKO opened its first branch in Metro Manila in the first quarter of 2011 and now has 6 branches nationwide, over 2,000 partner outlets, 261,000 customers and over P2.4 billion in its wholesale loan portfolio.

On November 25, 2008, Globe formed GTI Business Holdings, Inc. (GTIBH) primarily to act as an investment company. In March 2012, Globe launched Kickstart Ventures, Inc. (Kickstart) to help, support and develop the dynamic and growing community of technopreneurs in the Philippines. Kickstart is a business incubator that is focused on providing aspiring technopreneurs with the efficient environment and the necessary mechanisms to start their own business. Since its launch, Kickstart has 10 companies in its portfolio covering the digital media and technology, and web/mobile platform space.

In May 2013, ABS-CBN Convergence, Inc. ("ABS-C", formerly Multimedia Telephony, Inc.) announced the launch of its mobile brand, ABS-CBNmobile. The launch of the new mobile brand is being supported through a network sharing agreement with Globe, wherein the latter provides network capacity and coverage to ABS-C on a nationwide basis. ABS-C formally launched the brand on November 26, 2013.

In October 2013, following the court's approval of the Amended Rehabilitation Plan (jointly filed by Globe and BayanTel in May 2013), Globe acquired a 38% interest in BayanTel by converting BayanTel's unsustainable debt into common shares. This follows Globe Telecom's successful tender offer for close to 97% of BayanTel's outstanding indebtedness as of December 2012. As part of the amended rehab plan and pending regulatory approvals, Globe would further convert a portion of its sustainable debt into common shares of BayanTel, bringing up its stake to around 56%. In October 2014, Globe Telecom received a copy of the temporary restraining order (TRO) issued by the Court of Appeals stopping the National Telecommunications Commission's (NTC) proceedings in connection with the bid of Globe Telecom Inc. to take over Bayan Telecommunications Inc. (BayanTel). Despite the lapse of the Temporary Restraining Order (TRO) last December 9, 2014, the Court of Appeals has advised the NTC to refrain from conducting any proceedings in connection with the bid of Globe assume majority control of BayanTel.

On June 3, 2014, Globe signed an agreement with Azalea Technology, Inc. and SCS Computer Systems, acquiring the entire ownership stake in Asticom. Asticom, a systems integrator and information technology services provider to domestic and international markets, is 49% owned by Azalea, a 100%-owned subsidiary of Ayala Corporation and 51% owned by SCS Computer Systems, a subsidiary of Singapore Telecom.

On June 30, 2015, Globe incorporated Global Capital Venture Holdings, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary organized under the laws of the Philippines and formed for the purpose of venturing into strategic non-core business.

On August 27, 2015, Globe Telecom, Inc. (Globe), Ayala Corporation (AC), and Bank of the Philippine Islands (BPI) signed an agreement to turn over full ownership of BPI Globe BanKO (BanKO) to BPI, one of the majority owners of the joint venture.

In 2017, Globe Telecom's CEO, Ernest Cu was named the CEO of the year by the World Communication Awards 2017.[25][26]

In 2018, Globe Telecom was selected as the best workplace in Asia.[27] and the Internet was proposed to be extended in Europe.[28]

On December 14, 2018, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act No. 11151 which renewed Innove's legislative franchise for another 25 years. The law granted Innove a franchise to construct, establish, install, lease, co-use, purchase, operate and maintain all types of mobile and fixed wireless telecommunications, and use all the apparatus, conduits, appliances, receivers, transmitters, antennas, satellites and equipment necessary for the transmission/reception of data, messages, videos and signals, with the corresponding technological auxiliaries, facilities, distribution or relay stations, throughout the Philippines.[29]

On October 1, 2020, Globe Telecom launched "GOMO", the country's first fully digital telco.[30]


In Q3 2016, Globe Telecom dislodged Smart Communications as the largest telecommunications company it terms of subscriber base with 65.8 million subscribers, 200,000 more than its rival.[31]

As of December 2022, Globe's total mobile subscriber base reached 87.9 million.[32] It is also the country's largest telecommunications company in terms of market capitalization.[8]

By virtue of SIM Registration Act and due to deactivation of unregistered SIM cards, Globe has 48.4 million subscribers as of July 26, 2023.[33] The company now becomes second to Smart Communications in terms of subscriber base which has 50.0 million.

At the end of the 5-day grace period, Globe registered 53,727,298 subscribers regaining the title as the largest telecom company as of July 30, 2023.[34] Out of its total 86,746,672 subscribers or 61.94% of its total subscriber base, the company losts 33,019,374 SIM cards to deactivation.

As of November 2023, Globe has 54.7 million subscribers, making it the second largest network in terms of subscriber base.[35]

Radio frequency summary

Frequencies used by Globe Telecom
Frequency Protocol Class Band Number Duplex Mode Common Name
1800 MHz 3 DCS
2100 MHz 1 IMT
900 MHz 8 E-GSM
1800 MHz 3 DCS
2100 MHz 1 IMT
2300 MHz 40 TDD S band
2500 MHz 41 BRS
2600 MHz 38 IMT-E
3500 MHz NR 5G n78 C band BRS


Updated Shareholding Structure of Globe Telecom as of 31 March 2023:[36]

Major Shareholder % of Total Common Shares Preferred Shares
Ayala Corporation
Asiacom (joint venture of Ayala Corporation & SingTel)
Directors, Officers
458,241 7
Public Stock
Others - Employees


Joint ventures


Mass media and entertainment


Globe Telecom and MET Events organized the Philippine Pro Gaming League. In its first season, it only had 3 games Dota 2, Tekken 7, and Arena of Valor with P800,000 prize pool. The second season increased the prize pool to P1.3-million, had 4 games: League of Legends, Tekken 7, Rules of Survival, and Arena of Valor[42] and a Mobile Legends: Bang Bang corporate league added later on.[43]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Globe History Video". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Form 20-F". March 31, 2003.
  3. ^ a b c d "Globe Integrated Report 2020".
  4. ^ "2014 Ownership Structure". Globe Telecom. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
  5. ^ "2019 Shareholding Structure". Globe Telecom. Archived from the original on May 10, 2019. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  6. ^ Piad, Tyrone Jasper C. (November 8, 2023). "Smart snaps Globe's 7-year subscriber lead". Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  7. ^ MarketScreener. "GLOBE TELECOM, INC. : Shareholders Board Members Managers and Company Profile | PHY272571498 | MarketScreener". Retrieved January 18, 2020.
  8. ^ a b "Globe: Largest PH Publicly-Listed Telco, Digital Solutions Group - Globe Newsroom". Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  9. ^ "Globe Telecom says 5G service now covers 17 cities nationwide". Business World. November 19, 2020.
  10. ^ "Globe more than doubles 5G footprint, reaches 70 cities, towns nationwide". Retrieved January 9, 2023.
  11. ^ "Globe 5G Network Technology and Coverage". Globe 5G Network Technology and Coverage. January 9, 2023.
  12. ^ "Globe Lifestyle launches 1st apparel lineup with 0917 & Pop Art collections | Newsroom | Globe Telecom". Retrieved September 23, 2018.
  13. ^ "Globe reveals new content partners, Globe Studios and Globe Live". Philippine Daily Inquirer. June 29, 2016.
  14. ^ "Act No. 3495". December 8, 1928.
  15. ^ "Act No. 4150". November 28, 1934.
  16. ^ "Company Information". Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  17. ^ "Republic Act No. 4491". June 19, 1965.
  18. ^ "Republic Act No. 4630". June 19, 1965.
  19. ^ "Batas Pambansa Blg. 95". December 24, 1980.
  20. ^ "History | Ayala Corporation". Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  21. ^ "Stock History - Globe". Retrieved June 19, 2021.
  22. ^ "Republic Act No. 7229". March 19, 1992.
  23. ^ Mehdi, Khosrow-Pour (April 30, 2006). Cases on Telecommunications and Networking. Idea Group Inc (IGI). ISBN 9781599044194.
  24. ^ "Bridge Alliance". Bridge Alliance. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  25. ^ "Globe Telecom's Ernest Cu is "CEO of the Year" finalist in World Communications Awards 2017". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  26. ^ "Ernest Cu of Globe Telecom Hailed as PH Best CEO by FinanceAsia | Newsroom | Globe". Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  27. ^ "Globe Telecom bags the best workplace in Asia award for 2018".
  28. ^ "Globe Telecom extends internet reachability further in Europe". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  29. ^ "Republic Act No. 11151".
  30. ^ "GOMO digital telco launches in the Philippines". Yugatech. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  31. ^ "Globe Telecom Overtakes Rival Smart Communications in Subscriber Base by a Slim Margin". December 30, 2016.
  32. ^ "Globe logs nearly 4 million SIM registrations in 3 days". ABS-CBN News. December 31, 2022. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  33. ^ "NTC: No more SIM registration deadline extension". The Philippine Star. July 25, 2023. Retrieved July 26, 2023.
  34. ^ Rilloraza, Bryan (August 5, 2023). "SIM registration in the Philippines ends, final tally of subscribers revealed". Retrieved August 6, 2023.
  35. ^ "Globe net income drops 27%". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  36. ^ "Shareholding Structure". Globe. Retrieved July 25, 2023.
  37. ^ P. Valdueza, Rolando (April 15, 2016). (ABS-CBN) SEC FORM 17-A (Report). Philippine Stock Exchange. p. 11. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  38. ^ "Globe Announces the Partial Acquisition of San Miguel Corporation's Telecommunications Business". Globe. May 30, 2016. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
  39. ^ "KROMA brings 'TraDigital' entertainment to Pinoy audience". Manila Bulletin. April 6, 2022. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
  40. ^ Pascual, Jekki (April 6, 2022). "Globe's Kroma, ABS-CBN, BEAM to launch multi-platform interactive channel PIE". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
  41. ^ "PIE Channel delivers fun and prizes on TV, online starting May 23". ABS-CBN Corporate. May 18, 2022. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  42. ^ "Philippine Pro Gaming League returns with P1.3 million prize pool". Rappler. February 4, 2019.
  43. ^ "Join the Philippine Pro Gaming League 2019 Mobile Legends Corporate League". Manila Bulletin. July 13, 2019.