Goethe University
Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Former name
Königliche Universität zu Frankfurt am Main[1]
Established18 October 1914 (1914-10-18)[1]
Budget€ 715.3 Mio. (2020)[2]
ChancellorAlbrecht Fester[3]
PresidentEnrico Schleiff[4]
Vice-presidentBernhard Brüne, Michael Huth, Christiane Thompson, Ulrich Schielein[5]
Academic staff
3.631,8 (FTE, 2020)[2]
Administrative staff
2,082,9 (FTE, 2020)[2]
Students42,355 (2022)[6]
Undergraduates19,329 (2022)[6]
Postgraduates6,816 (2022)[6]
1,213 (2022)[6]
Other students
5,940 (teacher education) (2022)[6]
Campus Westend:
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 1
, , ,

50°7′40″N 8°40′00″E / 50.12778°N 8.66667°E / 50.12778; 8.66667
CampusMultiple sites
Colours  Blue

Goethe University Frankfurt (German: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main[7]) is a public research university located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt. The original name in German was Universität Frankfurt am Main.[8] In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous native sons of Frankfurt, the poet, philosopher and writer/dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The university currently has around 45,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city.

The university celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2014. The first female president of the university, Birgitta Wolff, was sworn into office in 2015,[9] and was succeeded by Enrico Schleiff in 2021.[10] 20 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with the university, including Max von Laue and Max Born.[11][12] The university is also affiliated with 18 winners of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize.[13]

Goethe University is part of the IT cluster Rhine-Main-Neckar. The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, the Goethe University Frankfurt and the Technische Universität Darmstadt together form the Rhine-Main-Universities (RMU).


Campus Bockenheim (in 1958)

The historical roots of the university can be traced back as far as 1484,[14] when a City Council Library was established with a bequest from the patrician Ludwig von Marburg. Merged with other collections, it was renamed City Library in 1668 and became the university library in 1914.[15] Depending on the country, the date of foundation is recorded differently. According to Anglo-American calculations, the founding date of Goethe University would be 1484. In Germany, the date on which the right to award doctorates is granted is considered the founding year of a university.

The modern history of the University of Frankfurt can be dated to 28 September 1912, when the foundation contract for the "Königliche Universität zu Frankfurt am Main" (Royal University at Frankfurt on the Main) was signed at the Römer, Frankfurt's town hall. Royal permission for the university was granted on 10 June 1914, and the first enrollment of students began on 16 October 1914. Members of Frankfurt's Jewish community, including the Speyer family, Wilhelm Ralph Merton, and the industrialists Leo Gans and Arthur von Weinberg donated two thirds of the foundation capital of the University of Frankfurt.

The university has been best known historically for its Institute for Social Research (founded 1924), the institutional home of the Frankfurt School, a preeminent 20th-century school of philosophy and social thought. Some of the well-known scholars associated with this school include Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Jürgen Habermas, as well as Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, and Walter Benjamin [citation needed]. Other well-known scholars at the University of Frankfurt include the sociologist Karl Mannheim, the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, the philosophers of religion Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich, the psychologist Max Wertheimer, and the sociologist Norbert Elias [citation needed]. The University of Frankfurt has at times been considered liberal, or left-leaning, and has had a reputation for Jewish and Marxist (or even Jewish-Marxist) scholarship [citation needed]. During the Nazi period, "almost one third of its academics and many of its students were dismissed for racial and/or political reasons—more than at any other German university" [citation needed]. The university also played a major part in the German student movement of 1968.

The university also has been influential in the natural sciences and medicine, with Nobel Prize winners including Max von Laue and Max Born, and breakthroughs such as the Stern–Gerlach experiment.

In recent years, the university has focused in particular on law, history, and economics, creating new institutes, such as the Institute for Law and Finance (ILF) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS) [citation needed]. One of the university's ambitions is to become Germany's leading university for finance and economics, given the school's proximity to one of Europe's financial centers.[16] In cooperation with Duke University's Fuqua School of Business, the Goethe Business School offers an MBA program. Goethe University has established an international award for research in financial economics, the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics.


Campus Westend
Humanities Library, IG Farben Building, Campus Westend

The university consists of 16 faculties. Ordered by their sorting number, these are:[17]

In addition, there are several co-located research institutes of the Max Planck Society:

The university is involved in the Hessian Center for Artificial Intelligence [de] (hessian.AI).[18]


Campus Westend
Campus Westend

The university is located across four campuses in Frankfurt am Main:

Headquarters of the university, also housing Social sciences, Pedagogy, Psychology, Theology, Philosophy, History, Philology, Archaeology, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Human geography

University library, Mathematics, Computer science, Art history, Fine Arts

Pharmacy, Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biology, Geosciences and Geography

Medical science, dentistry, university hospital


Campus Westend

"Campus Westend" of the university is dominated by the IG Farben Building by architect Hans Poelzig, an example of the modernist New Objectivity style.[19][20] The style for the IG Farben Building was originally chosen as "a symbol for the scientific and mercantile German manpower, made out of iron and stone", as the IG Farben director at the time of construction, Baron von Schnitzler, stated in his opening speech in October 1930.

IG Farben Building at Uni Frankfurt
IG Farben Building at Uni Frankfurt

After the university took over the complex, new buildings were added to the campus. On 30 May 2008, the House of Finance relocated to a new building designed by the architects Kleihues+Kleihues, following the style of the IG Farben Building. The upper floors of the House of Finance building have several separate offices as well as shared office space for researchers and students. The ground floor is open to the public and welcomes visitors with a spacious, naturally lit foyer that leads to lecture halls, seminar rooms, and the information center, a 24-hour reference library. The ground floor also accommodates computer rooms and a café. The floors, walls and ceiling of the foyer are decorated with a grid design that is continued throughout the entire building. The flooring is inspired by Raphael's mural, The School of Athens.

Goethe Business School

The Goethe Business School is a graduate business school at the university, established in 2004, part of the House of Finance at the Westend Campus and the IKB building. It is a non-profit foundation under private law held by the university. Its board of directors is led by Rolf-Ernst Breuer, who was chairman of the board of Deutsche Bank until 2006.[21] The school has maintained a partnership in Executive Education with the Indian School of Business (ISB) since 2009.[22]

The Deutsche Bank Prize

The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics honors renowned researchers who have made influential contributions to the fields of finance and money and macroeconomics, and whose work has led to practical and policy-relevant results. It is awarded biannually, since 2005, by the Center for Financial Studies, in partnership with Goethe University Frankfurt. The award carries an endowment of €50,000, which is donated by the Stiftungsfonds Deutsche Bank im Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft.

Notable people


Nobel laureates


University rankings
Overall – Global & National
QS World 2024[28] 302 18
THE World 2024[29] 201–250 22–24
ARWU World 2023[30] 151–200 6–9
QS Europe[citation needed]
QS Employability[citation needed]
THE Employability[citation needed]

According to the QS World University Rankings for 2024, the university holds a global position of 302 and ranks 18th nationally.[28] In the 2024 edition of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, it is positioned between 201 and 250 internationally, and 22 to 24 within the country.[29] The university achieved its highest national ranking in the 2023 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), where it was placed between 151 and 200 globally, and 6 to 9 nationally.[30]

The New York Times: Among the World's 10 best universities by employer choice. Goethe University was ranked 10 out of 150 universities in 2012.[31]

Points of interest

See also


  1. ^ a b ""Aus der Mitte der Stadtgesellschaft – 100 Jahre Goethe-Universität" von Prof. Dr. Werner Müller-Esterl" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Zahlen, Daten, Fakten 2020. Berichtswesen gem. § 14 (5) sowie § 34 (10) HHG" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  3. ^ "Goethe-Universität hat neuen Kanzler: Dr. Albrecht Fester übernimmt das Amt an Hessens größter Universität" (in German). 16 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Stabwechsel an der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Vizepräsident*innen der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Studierendenstatistik (Daten pro Semester)" (in German). Retrieved 17 September 2022.
  7. ^ "Viertes Gesetz zur Änderung des Hessischen Hochschulgesetzes" (PDF) (in German). Hessische Staatskanzlei. 8 October 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  8. ^ "UniReport" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Neue Uni-Präsidentin will kommunikativen Führungsstil". Faz.net. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
  10. ^ Zoske, Sascha. "Neuer Uni-Präsident: Lieber ohne Amtskette" – via www.faz.net.
  11. ^ "Nobel prize Physics laureates".
  12. ^ "Goethe-Universität — Nobelpreisträger an der Goethe Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  13. ^ "Goethe-Universität — Leibnizpreisträger an der Goethe-Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  14. ^ Rudolf Jung, Frankfurter Hochschulpläne 1384–1868. In: Frankfurter Historische Forschungen. Heft 1. K. F. Koehler, Leipzig 1915.
  15. ^ "Geschichte der Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek". www.ub.uni-frankfurt.de. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  16. ^ "Die Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität auf dem Weg zur führenden Wirtschaftshochschule in Deutschland" (PDF). Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  17. ^ "Faculties". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  18. ^ "The Hessian Center for Artificial Intelligence". hessian.AI. 10 February 2023. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  19. ^ "Ein Wandgemälde in Frankfurts Universität – Monumente Online". www.monumente-online.de.
  20. ^ M. Tafuri, F. Dal Co: Klassische Moderne, Stuttgart, 1988, S148f
  21. ^ "Breuer steps down from Deutsche Bank". Financial Times. Retrieved 20 March 2024.
  22. ^ Jaspers, Ulrike. "Goethe Business School schließt Partnerschaft mit Indian School of Business" (Press release) (in German). Retrieved 20 March 2024.
  23. ^ "Nobel Prize Goethe University". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  24. ^ "Loewi, Otto". Deutsche Biographie. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  25. ^ a b "Goethe-Universität — Nobelpreisträger an der Goethe Universität". www.uni-frankfurt.de.
  26. ^ "Niels K. Jerne – Biographical". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  27. ^ "Jean-Marie Pierre Lehn – Curriculum Vitae". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  28. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2024". QS World University Rankings. Retrieved 16 July 2023.
  29. ^ a b "World University Rankings 2024". Times Higher Education World University Rankings. 27 September 2023. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  30. ^ a b "2023 Academic Ranking of World Universities". Academic Ranking of World Universities. Retrieved 15 August 2023.
  31. ^ "Global Companies Rank Universities". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.