The University of Freiburg features a modern library finished in December 2015.
Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is Germany's most ancient university and widely considered to be among the most prestigious.

This is a list of the universities in Germany, of which there are about seventy. The list also includes German Technische Universitäten (universities of technology), which have official and full university status, but usually focus on engineering and the natural sciences rather than covering the whole spectrum of academic disciplines. Some twenty German universities rank among top 200 universities in world.[1] Highest ranked universities in Germany include some research oriented universities for MS, MBA, medical and engineering.[2]

The list does not, however, cover the German Fachhochschulen (University of Applied Sciences) or institutions that cover only certain disciplines such as business studies, fine arts, or engineering. Those do not have all of the responsibilities and limitations of universities, and most cannot award doctorate degrees on their own.

A private university is included in the list if it awards its own doctorate degree.

In general, public German universities do not charge tuition fees. At many universities this usually also applies to foreign students,[3] though regulations for non-EU foreign citizens differ regionally.[4] Universities may charge small fees for administrative costs.

Universities by date of establishment

The University of Greifswald is the smallest among the oldest universities of Germany.

This is a list of the ten oldest universities that have been in continuous operation since their founding in present-day Germany.

Some universities were established in the 14th or 15th centuries, but shut down for longer periods and later re-opened (e.g. the universities of Cologne, Erfurt, Ingolstadt, Mainz and Würzburg). These are not included in this list.

University Year of establishment Students Location
Heidelberg University 1386 31,500 Heidelberg
Leipzig University 1409 29,500 Leipzig
University of Rostock 1419 14,000 Rostock
University of Greifswald 1456 12,000 Greifswald
University of Freiburg 1457 24,700 Freiburg
University of Munich 1472 50,918 Munich[5]
University of Tübingen 1477 28,700 Tübingen
University of Halle-Wittenberg 1502 18,500 Halle[6]
University of Marburg 1527 24,000 Marburg
University of Jena 1558 19,000 Jena

Universities alphabetically





Universities by geographic region





Universities of technology by location

Further information: Technische Universität

See also


  1. ^ Universities in Germany Archived 9 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Top Universities for MS, MBA, Medical and Engineering Archived 20 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Strasser, Franz (3 June 2015). "How US students get a university degree for free in Germany". BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ Sabrina Collier (14 December 2016). "Tuition Fees Reintroduced at Some German Universities". QS TopUniversities. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  5. ^ Originally in Ingolstadt; relocated to Munich in 1826
  6. ^ Founded in Wittenberg 1502, closed in 1813; in 1817 merged with the University of Halle, founded in 1694.