There are a number of post-secondary educational institutions in Romania. Public universities, owned and operated by the state, emerged as such in the 1860s. Private universities, except for a handful of theological seminaries, were set up after the Romanian Revolution of 1989.

Public institutions of higher education

Institution Location Est.
1 Decembrie 1918 University, Alba Iulia Alba Iulia 1991
Aurel Vlaicu University of Arad Arad 1990
Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacău Bacău 1961/1990
Henri Coandă Air Force Academy [ro] Brașov 1912/1995
Transylvania University of Brașov Brașov 1948/1971
Polytechnic University of Bucharest Bucharest 1818/1864
Technical University of Civil Engineering of Bucharest Bucharest 1948
Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urbanism Bucharest 1897/1952
University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest Bucharest 1852
University of Bucharest Bucharest 1694/1864
Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest 1857
Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest 1913
National University of Music Bucharest Bucharest 1864
Bucharest National University of Arts Bucharest 1864
Caragiale National University of Theatre and Film Bucharest 1954
National University of Physical Education and Sport Bucharest 1922
National School of Administration and Political Science of Bucharest Bucharest 1991
Technical Military Academy of Bucharest Bucharest 1949
Carol I National Defence University Bucharest 1889
National Academy of Intelligence Bucharest 1992
Alexandru Ioan Cuza Police Academy [ro] Bucharest 1949/1991
Technical University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca 1920/1948
University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca 1869
Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca 1581/1919
Iuliu Haţieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca 1919/1948
Gheorghe Dima National Music Academy Cluj-Napoca 1919
Art and Design University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca 1925/1950
Ovidius University Constanța 1990
Maritime University of Constanța [ro] Constanța 1990
Mircea cel Bătrân Naval Academy Constanța 1872/1990
University of Craiova Craiova 1947/1965
University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova Craiova 1970/1999
University of Galați Galați 1948/1974
Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iași Iași 1813/1937
Iași University of Life Sciences Iași 1912/1948
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University Iași 1640/1860
Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iași 1879/1948
George Enescu National University of Arts Iași 1860/1948
University of Oradea Oradea 1990
University of Petroșani Petroșani 1948/1991
University of Pitești Pitești 1974/1991
Petroleum-Gas University of Ploiești Ploiești 1948
Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu Sibiu 1990
Nicolae Bălcescu Land Forces Academy Sibiu 1920
Ştefan cel Mare University of Suceava Suceava 1963/1990
Valahia University of Târgoviște Târgoviște 1992
Constantin Brâncuși University Târgu Jiu 1992
George Emil Palade University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology Târgu Mureș 1945
University of Arts of Târgu Mureș [ro] Târgu Mureș 1950
Politehnica University of Timișoara Timișoara 1920
King Michael I University of Life Sciences Timișoara 1945
West University of Timișoara Timișoara 1962
Victor Babeș University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timișoara Timișoara 1945

Private institutions of higher education


Institution Location Est.
Vasile Goldiș Western University of Arad Arad 1990
George Bacovia University of Bacău [ro] Bacău 1992
George Barițiu University of Brașov Brașov 1990
Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University Bucharest 1990
Titu Maiorescu University Bucharest 1990
Nicolae Titulescu University [ro] Bucharest 1990
Romanian-American University Bucharest 1991
Hyperion University [ro] Bucharest 1990
Spiru Haret University Bucharest 1991
Bioterra University [ro] Bucharest 1990
Ecological University of Bucharest [ro] Bucharest 1990
Gheorghe Cristea Romanian University of Arts and Sciences Bucharest 1990
Athenaeum University Bucharest 1990
Artifex University Bucharest 1992
Roman Catholic Theological Institute of Bucharest [ro] Bucharest 1991
Baptist Theological Institute of Bucharest Bucharest 1921/1947
Pentecostal Theological Institute [ro] Bucharest 2008
Adventus University of Cernica Cernica 1924/1951
Bogdan Vodă University of Cluj-Napoca Cluj-Napoca 1992
Sapientia University Cluj-Napoca 2001
Andrei Șaguna University of Constanța [ro] Constanța 1992
Danubius University Galați 1992
Petre Andrei University of Iași Iași 1990
Apollonia University Iași 1991
Mihail Kogălniceanu University of Iași Iași 1990
Drăgan European University of Lugoj Lugoj 1992
Agora University Oradea 2000
Emanuel University of Oradea Oradea 1990
Partium Christian University [ro] Oradea 1990
Constantin Brâncoveanu University Pitești 1991
Commercial Academy of Satu Mare Satu Mare 1997
Romanian-German University of Sibiu [ro] Sibiu 1998
Dimitrie Cantemir University of Târgu Mureș [ro] Târgu Mureș 1991
Tibiscus University of Timișoara Timișoara 1991

Temporarily authorised to function

Institution Location Est.
Vatra Art University of Baia Mare Baia Mare
British Romanian University Bucharest 2000
Pro-Universitate Media Foundation Bucharest
Bucharest University of Sciences, Arts and Trades Bucharest 2001
Școala Normală Superioară București [ro] Bucharest 2001
University of Wales, Romania Bucharest 2001
Ioan I. Dalles Popular University Bucharest
Lumina – The University of South-East Europe [ro] Bucharest 2010
Protestant Theological Institute of Cluj Cluj-Napoca 1948
Tomis University Constanța
Mihai Viteazul University Craiova
Traian Ecological University of Deva Deva
Iași Institute of European Studies Iași 1999
Roman Catholic Theological Institute of Iași Iași 1886
Roman Catholic Franciscan Theological Institute of Roman Roman 1990
Commercial Academy Foundation of Satu Mare Satu Mare
Alma Mater University of Sibiu Sibiu
Ioan Slavici University of Timișoara Timișoara
Millennium University Foundation of Timișoara Timișoara

Temporarily authorised to function and undergoing accreditation

Institution Location Est.
Romanian Banking Institute Bucharest
Institute of Business Administration in Bucharest Bucharest
Pentecostal Theological Institute of Bucharest Bucharest 1976
Avram Iancu University Cluj-Napoca 1992

Former universities

Institution Location Type Est. Until Notes
Roman Catholic Theological Institute of Alba Iulia Alba Iulia private 1945 2007
Northern University Baia Mare public 1991 2012 Became North University Centre of the Technical University of Cluj-Napoca
Ștefan Gheorghiu Academy Bucharest public 1945 1989
Gheorghe Zane University Iași private 1996 2013 Absorbed into the Petre Andrei University of Iași
Eftimie Murgu University of Reșița [ro] Reșița public 1992 2020 Became Reșița University Centre of the Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca
Mihai Eminescu University of Timișoara [ro] Timișoara private 1992 2014

See also