Gotlandic (Swedish: gotländska) is the form of Swedish spoken on the islands of Gotland and Fårö in the Baltic Sea.

The dialect has to be distinguished from Gutnish (Gutamål), which is the autochthonous language on the islands and which was spoken well into the 20th century,[1] it is estimated that around 2,000 to 5,000 people still speak Gutnish today.[2] The gotlandic dialect is characterized by a special singing language melody and by a lot of diphthongs (like Gutnish), but is otherwise quite close to standard Swedish in inflection and syntax. In contrast to Gutnish the Gotlandic dialect has fewer features in common with the Old Gutnish language. [3]

The following table shows some differences between Gotlandic and Gutnish.[4]

English Standard Swedish Gotlandic Gutnish (Gutamål)
onion lök löyk lauk
window fönster fönster finster, finstur (Fårö)
It's foggy today. Det är dimma idag Det är dimme i dag. Det är tuka i dag.

References

  1. ^ "Language". home.swipnet.se. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Vanliga frågor (faq)". 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 28 August 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  3. ^ Institutet för språk och folkminnen (Isof): Gotländska mål
  4. ^ Sveriges Utbildningsradio (UR): Difference between Gutamål and gotländska